India and Bhutan Cooperation on Outer Space | UPSC
WHY IN NEWS:
The Union Cabinet approved Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Government of the Republic of India and the Royal Government of Bhutan on Cooperation in the peaceful users of outer space signed on November 19, 2020 by both sides at Bangalore/Thimpu and exchanged.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : 3 : IR : Space
This MoU shall enable India and Bhutan to pursue cooperation in potential interest areas, such as remote sensing of the earth;
- Satellite communication and satellite based navigation
- Space science and planetary exploration
- Use of spacecraft and space systems and ground system
- Application of space technology.
JOINT WORKING GROUP
- Joint working Group will further work out the plan of action including the time-frame and the means of implementation.
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY AND TARGETS
- The signed MoU would lead to concluding specific Implementing Arrangement on specific areas of cooperation and setting up of Joint Working Group.
- Special attention will be given to work out the plan of action including the time-frame and the means of implementing this MoU.
The signed MoU will provide Impetus to explore cooperation possibilities in the field of :
- Remote sensing of the earth.
- Satellite communication.
- Satellite navigation
- Space science and exploration of outer space.
- Cooperation with the Royal Government of Bhutan through this MoU would lead to develop a joint activity in the field of application of space technologies for the benefit of humanity.
- Thus, all sections and regions of the country will get benefitted.
- A template for Inter-Governmental MoU for Space cooperation was shared with MEA in November 2017 for further taking up with Bhutan.
- This draft was further discussed along with other cooperative proposals during the bilateral meeting in February 2020.
- After a few iterations through diplomatic channels, both sides have arrived at a workable draft of the MoU and the same was processed for internal approvals.
- After obtaining necessary approvals the MoU was signed on November 19, 2020 by both sides and exchanged.
SOURCES: PIB | India and Bhutan Cooperation on Outer Space | UPSC