IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 20th Oct 2020

It’s not about perfect. It’s about effort. And when you bring that effort every single day, that’s where transformation happens. That’s how change occurs.– Jillian Michaels

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #198 :“Implications of Doha Accord | UPSC

Implications of Doha Accord | UPSC

R.K. Raghavan

R.K. Raghavan is a former CBI Director

      HEADLINES:

Dormant but waiting to strike

      CENTRAL THEME:

Terror outfits like al-Qaeda continue to pose threats to India and its neighbourhood

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR : India - Afghanistan Relations

      MAINS QUESTION:

Doha agreement was never a piece meal for USA nor India on a longer run. Discuss the implications of Doha Agreement in near future. -(GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • Doha Accord
  • What is the threat
  • Intent of Doha Agreement

      INTRODUCTION: 

  • DOHA ACCORD : The landmark agreement aims at the withdrawal of all US and allied force troops within 14 months’ time.

This enabling President Trump to fulfil his election promise to pull out the US from “endless wars”.

  • THE TITLE DEFINES IT : The title of the signed deal is “An Agreement between Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan and the United States of America”.
  • SEMANTIC GAMES : The deal repeatedly mentions “the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan which is not recognised by the United States as a state and is known as the Taliban”.
  • NEGOTIATIONS WITH TALIBAN : It also accords the highest priority to a permanent ceasefire with an avowed objective to provide a conducive environment for negotiations with the Afghan government .
  • FUTURE POLITICAL ROADMAP : This will provide an opportunity for intra-Afghan negotiations to deliberate upon mechanisms to thrash out an agreement over the future roadmap of Afghanistan.

      BODY: 

STILL A THREAT

  • TERROR OUTFITS ARE NOT CLOSED : But there is no ground to conclude that terror outfits have become less vicious or are irrelevant.
  • SERIOUS THREAT : Given their past resilience, they continue to pose threats to modern society, especially to India and its neighbourhood.

They are also not less alluring to misguided youth in India whose loyalties are extraterritorial.

  • RESURGENCE OF TERROR : Terrorist cells are probably engaged in the quiet process of garnering resources for future lethal assaults against India and other countries in the neighbourhood.
  • A FERTILE GROUND : The aggravation of poverty in developing nations due to COVID-19 could offer a fertile ground for recruitment and intensified religious indoctrination, which are dangerous to peace.
  • KEEP A CHECK : We should keep a particularly close eye on the al-Qaeda and the Islamic State because there is evidence that their recruitment remains undiminished .

IMPLICATIONS OF DOHA ACCORD FOR INDIA

  • THE TALIBAN’S ASSURANCE : Considered a great victory for the Taliban, and possibly to a smaller extent for Pakistan, the Doha Accord has some serious implications for India.
  • INTER DEPENDENCE : The Taliban and the al-Qaeda need each other in many areas. Both are friendly towards Pakistan and could pose a problem or two to India in the near future. This is worrying.
  • ESCALATIONS : Once the situation gets better, the al-Qaeda, in cahoots with other aggressive Islamic outfits in and around Pakistan, is bound to escalate the offensive against India.
  • SECURITY BREACH : Pakistan can favour al-Qaeda and other terror outfits still relevant to India’s security calculus.
  • POWERLESS OUTFITS : These outfits may not indulge in spectacular attacks like 9/11, but they will have the determination and prowess to carry out operations that will unnerve our population on the border.

      IASbhai Windup: 

  • INTENT OF DOHA AGREEMENT : The Taliban had inked a number of agreements but had used them as a tactic to preserve their human and other resources.
  • CONSOLIDATION OF POWER : They used the truces to gain time and space to further consolidate their positions with a clear intention to impose their own brand of Sharia by establishing the Islamic Emirate.

Every time they violated the agreement, never did they lay down their arms nor did they end violence.

  • AFGHANS VS TALIBAN : Afghanistan is no different. The Afghan Taliban has the same vision, mindset, goals and strategy.
  • STRATEGIC GOALS : They just change tactics in order to achieve their strategic goals. The consequences of the whole agreement have to be seen from that perspective.

The road to peace in Afghanistan lies in pluralism and a policy of give and take. Any other path may have a negative impact from the political, economic and social perspectives for the whole region.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Implications of Doha Accord | UPSC

 

 

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