How India exits Lockdown UPSC

 India exits Lockdown | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

COVID-19: 11 big questions as India exits lockdown

      WHY IN NEWS:

How did the country use the time off to prepare for the road that lies ahead

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases:India exits lockdown

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS these are several questions over which ambiguity prevail in masses . Let us dive in to find answers !

      ISSUE: 

  Several questions over how equipped healthcare systems became to fight the virus during the lockdown.

At least 10,000 new novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases are expected to be reported every day, something widely accepted among experts within the government Photo: McKay Savage / Flickr

At least 10,000 new novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases are expected to be reported every day, something widely accepted among experts within the government Photo: McKay Savage / Flickr At least 10,000 new novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases are expected to be reported every day, something widely accepted among experts within the government

1. IS THERE COMMUNITY TRANSMISSION OF COVID-19 IN INDIA?

  • India is the only country that claims there are a ‘cluster of cases’.
  • Experts opinion from government — ” community transmission in the country existed“.
  • A report on this is expected to be released by the end of this week.

2. WHAT IS SERO-SURVEILLANCE STUDY ?

  Serosurveillance provides estimates of antibody levels against infectious diseases and is considered the gold standard for measuring population immunity due to past infection or vaccination.

  • It is an important component of disease surveillance.
  • It also complements notification, hospitalisation, mortality and immunisation coverage data.
  •  The sero-surveillance study in India was supposed to begin early April.

3. WHAT IS THE FULL EXTENT OF THE GOVT’S MODELLING STUDIES?

  • The Centre last month presented three modelling studies to claim it averted several more cases and thousands of deaths by imposing the lockdown.
  • The full-length studies with their methodologies have not been released to the public.
  • There is, thus, no data available to dissect claims made by the Centre.

4. WHEN WILL INDIA’S CASE COUNT PEAK?

  • It has not yet officially said when the number of cases in the country will reach a peak.
  • Scientists of the ICMR said the country was “still far away from the peak”.

Such statements tend to create confusion, as without reaching a peak, the curve of cases does not bend.

5. WHAT HAS BEEN ADDED TO THE HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE?

  •  Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, said there were 2.81 lakh beds dedicated for COVID-19 patients, 1.1 lakh oxygen masks and 31,250 ICU beds.
  • The ministry never released a state-wise breakup of these numbers.
  • Releasing such figures can be a step towards transparency .
  • Contrastingly US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): For every state, the page displays a breakup of the number of ICU and isolation beds available and the number occupied, in each state.

6. HOW EQUIPPED ARE THE HEALTHCARE WORKERS?

  • Several reports have emerged on healthcare workers (HCWs) being infected by the virus.
  • This included security guards posted at the institute as well.
  • The Centre has maintained a limiting response, saying only a ‘miniscule’ were reportedly infected.

7. WHAT IS INDIA’S R0 NUMBER?

  There is also no clarity on India’s reproductive number (number of individuals who can be infected by one individual).

  • According to his last estimates, the number stood at 1.22 between May 29 and June 4.
  • For any disease outbreak to ebb, this number should be less than one.

8. WHAT ABOUT OTHER PATIENTS?

  • There has been no assessment on repurposing beds in hospitals and shutting down OPDs for patients other than that of COVID-19.

  Patients were denied facilities such as dialysis, chemotherapy, anti-retroviral therapies and TB therapeutics, etc.

9. HOW BADLY HAS VACCINATION BEEN HIT?

  • India’s vaccination drive hit to a grinding halt during the early phases of lockdown.
  • As many as 80 million children may have been hit globally due to disruptions in routine immunisation programmes- Unicef.

10. HOW MUCH WILL REVERSE MIGRATION HURT?

   In Bihar, a 14-day quarantine is mandatory, while in UP, it is not.

  • The Centre has left this for the states to deal with.
  • It is also not known how states plan to provide migrants employment .
  • On the one hand and stop the infection from spreading on the other.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

11. PLAN WHEN INDIA EXITS LOCKDOWN?

  • The curve of cases has been steadily on the rise, as the country plans to ‘unlock’.
  • In a couple of days from now, at least 10,000 new cases are expected to be reported every day.
  • Any change in strategy could include ramping up testing, changing treatment guidelines or a reconsideration of ‘unlocking’ the country if healthcare systems become overwhelmed.

If the situation were to worsen tomorrow — the signs of which are clear — how it will deal with this is something that remains unknown.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

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