Health and Energy Platform of Action (HEPA) | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Dr. Harsh Vardhan addresses the WHO High-Level Coalition on Health and Energy Platform of Action

      WHY IN NEWS:

Stresses India’s unique position to pioneer a new model of economic development of low carbon emission and inclusive development

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:3:Health:Diseases:United Nations

      ISSUE: 

HEALTH AND ENERGY PLATFORM OF ACTION (HEPA)

  • HEPA is multi-stakeholder partnership made up of members states, intergovernmental organizations, nongovernment organizations, private sector entities, philanthropic foundations and academic institutions.

ORGANISERS

Health and Energy Platform of Action (HEPA) | UPSC

THE ISSUE

  • Energy is inextricably linked to most of the global challenges now and in the future, including gender, food security, clean water, public health, education, economic growth, youth’s and women’s empowerment, and climate change.
  • The absence of clean and sustainable energy has a significant adverse impact on the health and livelihoods of the poorest populations.

HEPA MISSION

With an initial focus on clean cooking and health care facility electrification, the Platform aims to catalyse the scale of results required to achieve SDG 3 on health and SDG 7 on energy by:

  • Mobilising political commitment, support and resources, and finding ways of encouraging new public and private commitment from the energy and health sectors, climate change action and other arenas;
  • Promoting the development of global or country implementation roadmaps for the priority areas of action;
  • Demonstrating leadership by identifying significant actions and initiatives with relevant stakeholders, with the overall objective of generating action and maximizing impact on the ground;
  • Conducting advocacy and outreach at high-level international engagements related to the SDGs, especially those on health, energy, environment, gender and climate change; and
  • Promoting an interdisciplinary approachengaging a variety of stakeholders at the global, regional and national level and building on existing initiatives, while avoiding duplication of efforts, fostering alignment and creating strong synergies.

KEY TO SDG ATTAINMENT

  • Reduce air pollution (SDG 3.9)
  • Combat noncommunicable diseases (SDG 3.4)
  • SDG 7
  • SDG 5
  • Climate action – climate resilience (SDG 13)

BACKGROUND

  • Well into the 21st century, some 3 billion people around the world, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, still rely on polluting fuels and technology combinations to meet their basic daily energy needs for cooking.

The resulting household air pollution leads to 3.8 million premature deaths each year from noncommunicable diseases (including heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cancer), as well as pneumonia.

  • Health and livelihood risks are greatest for women, children and infants from polluting cooking practices.
  • The use of traditional biomass for cooking also puts our climate at risk, with household air pollution contributing to approximately 1 gigaton of CO2/year (~2 % of global emissions) and is one of the greatest sources of black carbon globally.

EXAMPLE
In 11 sub-Saharan African countries around 25 per cent of health care facilities lacked any electricity.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The world is still reeling under an unprecedented threat of Covid-19 that has pushed governments and citizens to take extraordinary steps to protect human lives and reduce morbidity across the globe.
  • An expert body called the National Action Plan on Climate Change and Human Health was constituted by our government with the multiple objectives of creating awareness amongst the general population, health-care providers and policy makers regarding impact of climate change on human health.
  • This National Expert Group submitted its report recently in April 2021 with inclusion of Subject Specific Health Action Plans on identified Climate Sensitive Diseases and ‘One Health.

In the context of “Green and Climate Resilient Healthcare Facilities”, India became signatory to the Malé Declaration in 2017 and agreed to promote climate-resilient healthcare facilities to be able to withstand any climatic event.

  • India is today in a unique position to pioneer a new model of economic development of low carbon emission and inclusive development where the attainment of Universal Health Coverage is also one the major determinant factors.
     SOURCES:   PIB | Health and Energy Platform of Action (HEPA) | UPSC

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