Green-Ag Project _ UPSC

Green-Ag Project | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Centre launches pilot project to reduce emissions from agriculture

      WHY IN NEWS:

The project will be implemented in Mizoram, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttarakhand

MINISTRY? :- MOEFCC
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Conservation of Biodiversity : Carbon sequestration

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS there are many facts mentioned in this project . Keep an eye !

For MAINS this pilot project could make your answer stand out from the crowd . Do mention this in answers relevant to sustainable farming methods.

      ISSUE: 

The Union government on July 28, 2020, launched the Green-Ag Project in Mizoram, to reduce emissions from agriculture and ensure sustainable agricultural practices.

PILOT PROJECT

  • Mizoram is one of the five states where the project will be implemented.
  • Other states include Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttarakhand.
  • The project is designed to achieve multiple global environmental benefits in at least 1.8 million hectares (ha) of land in five landscapes.

AIM

  • It aims to bring at least 104,070 ha of farms under sustainable land and water management.

OBJECTIVE

  • The project will also ensure 49 million Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) sequestered or reduced through sustainable land use and agricultural practices.

FUNDING

The Green-Ag Project is funded by the Global Environment Facility.
 

IMPLEMENTATION

  • Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW) is the national executing agency.
  • Other key players involved in its implementation are Food and Agricultre Organization (FAO) and the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

TIMELINE

  • The pilot project is supposed to end on March 31, 2026, in all states, including Mizoram.
  • The project covers 145,670 ha of land in two districts — Lunglei and Mamit.

It aims to cover 35 villages and includes two protected areas — the Dampa Tiger Reserve and the Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • This project becomes unique for its site selection.
  • The landscape has revenue villages and community land in close conjunction with national parks and protected areas.

Sustainable agriculture is the main component of the project .

  • The unique advantage of Mizoram in terms of agro-climatic conditions, water availability and a hard-working population.
  • The state could produce niche products like passion fruits and provide them to the entire country, besides exploring export markets too.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

GREEN-AG PROJECT WOULD HELP IN

  • Local people take advantage of the rich agro-biodiversity  present in their landscape for sustainability of agriculture and livestock production practices.
  • Promotion of secondary agriculture.

Establishment of green value chains and thereby enhancing their incomes.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

DISCOVER MORE : GS-3

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