Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020 | UPSC

Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

PM to deliver keynote address at inaugural function of Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020 will convene virtually from 19th-21st October.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through aim , initiative and the partners.

For MAINS dive into the impact of such partnerships and keep an eye on scientific approaches.

      CONTEXT: 

GRAND CHALLENGES ANNUAL MEETING 2020

Grand Challenges is a family of initiatives fostering innovation to solve key global health and development problems.

AIM

Grand Challenges initiatives use challenges to focus attention and effort on specific problems.

  • They can be traced back to the mathematician David Hilbert, who over a century ago defined a set of unsolved problems to spark progress in the field of mathematics.

WHAT IS GRAND CHALLENGE INITIATIVE ?

  • Grand Challenges initiatives launch challenges as open requests for grant proposals, refining the process of sourcing innovation over time.

Each challenge is an experiment in focusing innovation on making an impact.

  • Each results in a grant program that fosters collaboration to speed impact across the portfolio of projects.
  • Many challenges address some of the same problems, but from differing perspectives.

Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020 | UPSC

THE LAUNCH

In 2003, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation launched Grand Challenges in Global Health.

FOCUS

  • This initiative focused on 14 major scientific challenges .
  • If solved, could lead to key advances in preventing, treating, and curing the diseases and health conditions contributing most to global health inequity.

FUNDS

  • Grand Challenges in Global Health awarded 44 grants – totaling over $450 million for research projects in 33 countries.
  • This funded an additional supporting project addressing ethical, social, and cultural issues across the initiative.

In 2007, the Gates Foundation launched Grand Challenges Explorations to engage more of the world’s innovators more quickly.
 

  • Initial grants of $100,000 are awarded for high-risk, high-reward projects addressing a range of challenges.
  • The initial projects funded have evolved over the first ten years, confirming in diverse ways that great ideas come from everywhere.

IMPACT

  • Grand Challenges partnerships support a global community of problem solvers who work together to set an innovation agenda .
  • The first decade of progress yielded diverse types of impact.

As the Grand Challenges family of initiatives grows , it helps ensuring everyone receives the full benefit of scientific progress.

  • The initiative has since been renamed Grand Challenges to reflect the fact that as new challenges have been added.
  • Its scope has expanded to encompass global development as well as global health.

PARTNERS

  • The Gates Foundation and other funders continue to launch new Grand Challenges initiatives, both independently and in partnership.

Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020

Partnership initiatives like Grand Challenges Africa and Grand Challenges India anchor the work from the beginning.

  • Local researchers, policymakers, and funders with the knowledge are needed to create, guide, and accelerate transformative solutions.
  • Every year, the Grand Challenges Annual Meeting – held in 11 countries in its first 15 years.

GOING FARTHER AND FASTER TOGETHER

  • Reaching collective goals for global health and development equity requires local innovators solving local problems.
  • Grand Challenges provide a mechanism to engage local innovators and create opportunities to collaborate within and across initiatives to solve problems for the world.

Inaugural collaborations across these partnership initiatives targeted maternal and child health, data science, and antimicrobial resistance.

  • Grand Challenges is a family of initiatives fostering innovation to solve key global health and development problems.
  • Each initiative is an experiment in the use of challenges to focus innovation on making an impact.
  • Individual challenges address some of the same problems, but from differing perspectives.

GRAND CHALLENGES INDIA

  • Grand Challenges India was launched in 2013 as a partnership framework for the Government of India’s Department of Biotechnology.

Grand Challenges India works across priorities ranging from agriculture, nutrition, sanitation, maternal and child health to infectious diseases.

HOSTED BY :

  • India’s Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC)
  • The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • The Wellcome Trust
  • Niti Ayog
  • Other funders to launch joint challenges open to Indian investigators.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The three-day program will feature leaders talks, panel discussions and virtual informal conversations.
  • Topics will be ranging from scientific interventions for fighting the pandemic, managing the pandemic ,SDG etc.
  • Approximately 1600 people from 40 countries will participate in this Annual meeting.

Grand Challenges partnerships support a network of creative people, anchored around those who champion innovation for impact using their first-hand knowledge.

  • Their collective action and directed energy is helping solve today’s key problems in global health and development.
  • It bringing together policymakers and scientific leaders, calling for deepened scientific collaborations in solving global health problems.
  • The whole initiative is based on great emphasis on COVID-19 with an “India for the World” framing.
     SOURCES:PIB | Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020 | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : GS-3

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