Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020 | UPSC
PM to deliver keynote address at inaugural function of Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020
WHY IN NEWS:
The Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020 will convene virtually from 19th-21st October.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health
For PRELIMS go through aim , initiative and the partners.
For MAINS dive into the impact of such partnerships and keep an eye on scientific approaches.
GRAND CHALLENGES ANNUAL MEETING 2020
- They can be traced back to the mathematician David Hilbert, who over a century ago defined a set of unsolved problems to spark progress in the field of mathematics.
WHAT IS GRAND CHALLENGE INITIATIVE ?
- Grand Challenges initiatives launch challenges as open requests for grant proposals, refining the process of sourcing innovation over time.
- Each results in a grant program that fosters collaboration to speed impact across the portfolio of projects.
- Many challenges address some of the same problems, but from differing perspectives.
- This initiative focused on 14 major scientific challenges .
- If solved, could lead to key advances in preventing, treating, and curing the diseases and health conditions contributing most to global health inequity.
- Grand Challenges in Global Health awarded 44 grants – totaling over $450 million for research projects in 33 countries.
- This funded an additional supporting project addressing ethical, social, and cultural issues across the initiative.
- Initial grants of $100,000 are awarded for high-risk, high-reward projects addressing a range of challenges.
- The initial projects funded have evolved over the first ten years, confirming in diverse ways that great ideas come from everywhere.
- Grand Challenges partnerships support a global community of problem solvers who work together to set an innovation agenda .
- The first decade of progress yielded diverse types of impact.
- The initiative has since been renamed Grand Challenges to reflect the fact that as new challenges have been added.
- Its scope has expanded to encompass global development as well as global health.
- The Gates Foundation and other funders continue to launch new Grand Challenges initiatives, both independently and in partnership.
- Local researchers, policymakers, and funders with the knowledge are needed to create, guide, and accelerate transformative solutions.
- Every year, the Grand Challenges Annual Meeting – held in 11 countries in its first 15 years.
GOING FARTHER AND FASTER TOGETHER
- Reaching collective goals for global health and development equity requires local innovators solving local problems.
- Grand Challenges provide a mechanism to engage local innovators and create opportunities to collaborate within and across initiatives to solve problems for the world.
- Grand Challenges is a family of initiatives fostering innovation to solve key global health and development problems.
- Each initiative is an experiment in the use of challenges to focus innovation on making an impact.
- Individual challenges address some of the same problems, but from differing perspectives.
GRAND CHALLENGES INDIA
- Grand Challenges India was launched in 2013 as a partnership framework for the Government of India’s Department of Biotechnology.
HOSTED BY :
- India’s Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC)
- The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
- The Wellcome Trust
- Niti Ayog
- Other funders to launch joint challenges open to Indian investigators.
- The three-day program will feature leaders talks, panel discussions and virtual informal conversations.
- Topics will be ranging from scientific interventions for fighting the pandemic, managing the pandemic ,SDG etc.
- Approximately 1600 people from 40 countries will participate in this Annual meeting.
- Their collective action and directed energy is helping solve today’s key problems in global health and development.
- It bringing together policymakers and scientific leaders, calling for deepened scientific collaborations in solving global health problems.
- The whole initiative is based on great emphasis on COVID-19 with an “India for the World” framing.
SOURCES:PIB | Grand Challenges Annual Meeting 2020 | UPSC