Grand Challenge - “Smart Water Supply Measurement and Monitoring System” | UPSC

Grand Challenge – Smart Water Supply Measurement and Monitoring System | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Grand Challenge for development of “Smart Water Supply Measurement and Monitoring System” – Evaluation of applications underway

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Jal Shakti
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Water Management : JJM Mission : Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS Aim , implementing agency , eligibility and the awards are important .

For MAINS go through the problem statement . You will understand the need for digitising Water supplies .

      ISSUE: 

Digitisation of water supply infrastructure has the potential to solve current problems as well as help anticipate and address future challenges.

SMART WATER SUPPLY MEASUREMENT AND MONITORING SYSTEM

ORGANISERS

  • The Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY)
  • National Jal Jeevan Mission (NJJM)
  • Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation
  • Ministry of Jal Shakti
Smart water supply measurement and monitoring system’ was announced via an ICT Grand Challenge.

BACKGROUND

  • Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has been launched which aims at providing Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024.
  • The programme focuses on service delivery at the household level, i.e. water supply regularly in adequate quantity and of prescribed quality.
  • This necessitates the use of modern technology in systematic monitoring of the programme.
  • It is important to capture service delivery data automatically for ensuring the quality of services.

Recent technological advancements (such as IoT, Big Data, AI/ML, Cloud) provide an opportunity to digitise water supply infrastructure in rural India.
 

  • Digitally enabled water supply infrastructure will help in near real-time monitoring and evidence-based policymaking.
  • There is an opportunity to deploy a frugal IoT based system to monitor quantity, quality, and periodicity of water delivery.
  • Digitisation of water supply infrastructure has the potential to solve some of the biggest societal problems facing the nation.
  • More importantly, it will help anticipate and address future challenges.

AIM

  • To conduct an ICT Grand Challenge which bring innovative, modular, and cost effective solution.

The idea is to develop a “Smart water supply measurement and monitoring system” to be deployed at the village / semi-rural / semi-urban levels

  • The system would collect and facilitate centralised monitoring of data.

IMPLEMENTATION

  • CDAC would be the implementing agency of the grand challenge and provide technical support also.

Jal Jeevan Mission would be user agency of the Grand Challenge.

  • Also, Jal Jeevan Mission would provide locations and financial support for sourcing and installation of devices/solutions .
  • JJM will assist in deployment as well as logistics, travel and other contingency expenses.

Grand Challenge - “Smart Water Supply Measurement and Monitoring System” | UPSC

ELIGIBILTY

  • The Indian Tech start-ups, MSMEs, Companies, LLPs registered in India under Companies Act can apply.
  • The entity must have 51% or more shareholding with Indian citizen or person of Indian origin.

The applicant’s entity should not be a subsidiary company of any foreign corporation.

  • To  encourage  participation  from  academia  and  industry, participating  teams  are  not  mandatorily  required  to  be registered  Indian Companies/  startups / MSMEs LLPs to  apply  for  the  challenge.
  • However,  the  10  teams shortlisted at Ideation Stage will be required to submit  the  proof  of  having  applied  at  stage  of submission of Prototype.
  • It will be expected that by the time of selection at the final stage, necessary registration will be completed.

GRAND CHALLENGE PROBLEM STATEMENT

The proposed solution should focus on the following:

The solution shall comprise of integration of IoT sensors collectively referred to as nodes.The nodes should be provisioned with geo tagging during deployment. 

  • The system should be able to compare schedules uploaded by the local authority on websites with data from nodes to generate alerts on account of any deviations.
  • The node at supply side would analyse and determine the quality of water supply at each location based on factors such as pH, TDS, residual chlorine and nitrate.

There shall be an added provision to incorporate other elements such as Fluoride and Arsenic, given the pilot location.

  • A detailed user manual must also be provided for each node.
  • A battery back-up for controller may support the system for downtime and it is expected that the design should support 48 hours back-up
  • The sensors should be battery powered with more than 5 years of battery life.
  • Each node must be capable of executing the tasks : Outlets of tube-wells, pumping system and/or overhead tanks, and at the tail end deliver point.
  • Nodes should have pluggable communication module with 2G/4G/ NB-IoT.
  • The sensors should be in-line and nodes should have an onboard display with high resolution mode and OTA support.
  • The (smart tap) water meters that are associated with a control valve at the consumer end (tail node) may be operated at a minimal power.

Grand Challenge - “Smart Water Supply Measurement and Monitoring System” | UPSC

AWARDS & RECOGNITION

STAGE–1 (IDEATION TO PROTOTYPE STAGE)

  • 10 proposals will be shortlisted and provided financial support to the tune of Rs. 7.5 Lakh each.
  • This will help them  develop a working prototype of the proposed solution within two months duration (max).

STAGE – 2 (PROTOTYPE TO PRODUCT STAGE)

  • Best four techno-economically viable prototype shall be selected for product development and each team will receive Rs 25 Lakh .
  • This will help them build their solution as per the need of the user agency within three months duration (max) .

Subsequently field trial, testing and deployment and demonstration at approx. 25 locations across the country as identified by user agency in next one month will be done.

  • These four teams shall be provided with financial support for necessary handholding by the Jal Jeevan Mission, MeitY and the implementing agency (CDAC) for testing, deployment and demonstration at the live site.

For these field trials, each finalist will be provided the following financial support:

  • Towards sourcing and installation of devices/solutions deployment
  • Towards logistics and other contingency expenses @10 lakhs each 

STAGE – 3 (PRODUCT DEPLOYMENT STAGE)

  • Based on evaluation, one winner and two runner-ups will be selected and supported by 50 Lakh (winner) and 20 Lakh each (runner-ups).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) aims providing Tap Connection to every rural household by 2024 with particular focus on ‘service delivery’ .
  • The focus is to achieve regular water supply in adequate quantity and of prescribed quality on long-term basis.

This necessitates the use of modern technology in monitoring of the programme and to capture service delivery data automatically for ensuring the quality of services.

  • Digitisation of water supply infrastructure has the potential to solve current problems as well as help anticipate and address future challenges.
     SOURCES:  PIB | Grand Challenge – “Smart Water Supply Measurement and Monitoring System” | UPSC

 

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