IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 2nd Sep 2020
If you can’t, you must. If you must, you can.– Tony Robbins
EDITORIAL HUNT #121 :“Gopalakrishnan Committee Report | UPSC“
Parminder Jeet Singh
Gopalakrishnan Committee Report | UPSC
Parminder Jeet Singh works with the Bangalore-based NGO IT for Change. He is a member of the Gopalakrishnan Committee.
Treating data as commons
If everyone gets greater access to non-personal data, they can develop their digital businesses or other activities with it
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : 3 : Right to Privacy : Technology : Data Infrastructure : Big Data : AI : Information and Technology
India to acquire its rightful place in the digital world needs wide data sharing norms and legal backup. Substantiate -(GS 3)
- Importance of data
- Competition and Digital War
- Gopalakrishnan Committee Recommendations
- AIM : The report’s main purpose is to ensure wide sharing and availability of data in society.
- OBLIGATIONS : To ensure that companies share the required data, it was found necessary to develop strong conceptual and legal basis for data-sharing requirements.
- FAIR DIGITISATION : The idea was to ensure widespread availability of such infrastructural elements to all, and avoid wasteful duplications.
DIGITAL VERTICAL INTEGRATION
- SUBSIDISED SERVICES : The digital age came with useful digital services that everyone lapped up with free services .
- DOMINANT GROUPS : Digital corporations have begin to dominate all sectors, including important ones such as education and health.
- GLOBAL MONOPOLIES : Very few corporations have vertically integrated all the digital components involved in delivery of any digital service is the reason for their becoming such huge global monopolies.
- UNSUSTAINABLE CONCENTRATION : Such unsustainable concentration of digital power has a significant geopolitical dimension, with complete domination globally of U.S. and Chinese companies.
- CHOKING COMPETITION : At the national level its deleterious effect is of exploitation of consumers and small economic actors, and of strangulating competition and innovation.
- KEY COMPONENTS : There are two key infrastructural components of a digital economy: data and cloud computing.
- The Gopalakrishnan report focuses on the infrastructural element of data.
- Data have similar characteristics.
- Today, dominant digital corporations are building exclusive control over any sector’s data as their key business advantage.
- Start-ups try to ape the same mode.
- The digital businesses then shift their key business advantage from exclusive access to devising digital services for consumers’ benefit.
REDUCING DIGITAL DEPENDENCE
- VISION : The Gopalakrishnan committee takes such an infrastructural view of data.
- OWNERS OF DATA : Data collected from various communities are considered to be ‘owned’ by the relevant community.
- DATA OWNERSHIP : Such ‘community ownership’ means that the data should be shared back with all those who need it in society, whether to develop domestic digital businesses or for producing important digital public goods.
- CONCEPT : It is for these purposes that the Gopalakrishnan committee proposes the concept of ‘community data’.
- SHARING BASIS : Only the data collected from non-privately owned sources, from society or community sources, have to be shared when requested for.
- PRIVATE SECTOR : Data from privately owned sources remain private.
- COMMUNITY TRUSTEES : Since a community requires a legally recognisable body to articulate its data ownership claim, the committee introduces the concept of community trustees that could be various bodies representative of the community.
- DATA CUSTODY : Data collectors are considered as data custodians that will use and secure data as per the best interests of the community concerned.
- DATA INFRASTRUCTURE : Data trusts are data infrastructures that will enable data sharing, sector-wise, or across sectors, and which can be run by various kinds of third-party bodies.
- LEGAL BACK UP : The committee recommends a new legislation, because ensuring and enforcing data sharing will require sufficient legal backing.
- REGULATING DATA : A Non-Personal Data Authority is also envisaged to enable and regulate all the envisaged data-sharing activities.
Starting early is so important in digital age and governance area may just provide a formidable first move .
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL| Gopalakrishnan Committee Report | UPSC