IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 30th Oct 2020
“I would rather die of passion than of boredom.” – Vincent van Gogh
EDITORIAL HUNT #216 :“Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC”
Richard Lachmann | Narayan Lakshman
Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC
Is the U.S. on the wane(shrink) as a superpower?
The U.S. has an unparalleled position militarily and economically, but faces an ideational problem
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
Russian President recently said that China and Germany are soon going to be superpowers. Examine the power distribution and the supremacy of global states -(GS 2)
- U.S. as a superpower
- Rise of other superpowers
- Challenges ahead for a superpower
- U.S. AS A SUPERPOWER : For much of the post-war period, there was bipartisan support for an aggressive U.S. foreign policy.
- MILITARY EXPENDITURE : Members of both parties supported large military budgets for most of the wars that the U.S. initiated, as well as smaller interventions.
- THE ONLY HALT : The only break for that came well into the Vietnam War when some Democrats and fewer Republicans opposed that war.
RISE OF SUPER POWERS
- GERMANY AS A SUPERPOWER : Claiming that Germany will be a superpower is an insidious effort to puff up Germany. And the nature of its coalition governments would make it impossible in any case.
- RUSSIA AS A GLOBAL GIANT : Its economy remains a basket case. The only thing it produces that anyone wants involves raw materials and energy.
- AUTOCRATIC RULE : Russia’s half the economy is controlled through outfits nominally under the state, but which really are tied to President and his cronies.
- MILITARY AND WEAPONS : The one thing the Russians do have is modern weaponry, and a rebuilt armed forces, but they lack the attributes to be a great power.
- ECONOMIC REACH : Russians and the Chinese, have unleashed globalisation in economic changes and technology.
- U.S. MILITARY ADVENTURISM : U.S. military has been unsuccessful abroad, it’s not from lack of money; it’s from poor strategy or no local support.
- CAPITAL EXPENDITURES : The U.S. government’s capacity to deal with domestic issues to provide for its citizens has been declining, This affects on the U.S foreign policy too.
- FAULT LINES IN U.S SUPREMACY : To adopt a grand strategy of liberal hegemony, spreading democracy markets and other liberal values abroad which constantly tried to shrink the size of the state.
U.S. ROLE IS INDISPENSABLE
- THE PRESENT JUNCTURE : The U.S. is moving towards a more isolationist model, even as rising powers in other regions are starting to become more assertive .
- FEDERAL RESERVE : In that area, the U.S. remains indispensable, is recognised by other countries as indispensable, and the Fed has enough autonomy within the U.S. to play that role.
- LACK OF WILL : In the realm of military, the U.S.’s lack of success in Afghanistan and Iraq has had a profound effect.
- COMPETITION : Real wages are falling, productivity growth is down, some U.S. companies are losing their competitive edge in global markets to rising powers.
- COVID-19 BLOW : The nation’s infrastructure is not in good shape, nor is the healthcare system.
- SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : The U.S.’s edge in science and technology is sustained almost entirely by international students come to the U.S.
IRONICALLY : Countries that spend a lot less have longer life expectancy, less illness !
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC