Global Biodiversity Outlook 5 Report (GBO-5) 2020 | UPSC

Global Biodiversity Outlook 5 Report (GBO-5) 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Leaked UN report on biodiversity calls for 8 changes to save planet

      WHY IN NEWS:

These include positive actions for forests, agriculture, food systems, climate, health, fisheries, oceans and cities

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Reports

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS remember the publisher . CBD already has been asked in Prelims . Go through the actions missed and the report overview . Make a note in your Prelims book .

For MAINS go through suggested reading once and revise all the targets .

      ISSUE: 

Positive actions to improve the condition of forests, agriculture, food systems, climate, human health, fisheries, oceans and cities have been suggested by experts to ensure human well-being.

GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY OUTLOOK REPORT

TITLE

Global Biodiversity Outlook 5 Report (GBO-5)

PUBLISHED BY

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

TIMELINE

  • The Global Biodiversity Outlook 5 report or GBO-5 is to be released on September 15, 2020.

It is a periodic report that summarizes the latest data on the status and trends of biodiversity.

  • This time the report is leaked out before the expected time.
  • The fifth such report was expected to be launched on the sidelines of the CBD subsidiary body meetings in May 2020.
  • Those events were postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

OVERVIEW

  • Global Biodiversity Outlook is expected to provide a summary of the status of biological diversity.

It is a comprehensive analysis of the steps being taken by the global community to ensure that biodiversity is conserved and used sustainably.

  • The report also benefits the use of genetic resources are shared equitably.

KEY POINTS

  • The GBO-5 is an overview of the state of nature.

It is a final report card on the progress made by countries in achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

  • The fourth GBO was released in October 2014 and provided a mid-term assessment of progress towards the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. 
  • The second meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) called for the preparation of a periodic report on biological diversity: the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO)
  • 20 global biodiversity targets were included in the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity for the 2011-2020 period adopted by the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of CBD.

OBSERVATIONS

None of the 20 Aichi biodiversity targets have been met, the GBO-5 has shown.

  • What the world needed was a shift from business-as-usual.
  • This transformation needed to take place in all human activities that were interlinked with natural resources.
  • This shift was crucial, the report added as natural resources would continue to decline and the world would not be able to meet the UN-mandated Sustainable Development Goals.
  • The GBO-5 suggested eight types of shift that need to be implemented to achieve the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity.

These include:

  • TRANSITION WITHIN LAND AND FORESTS: The report called the restoration of all forests that had been degraded. It also urged restoring local ecosystems.
  • SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: Farmers would have to reduce the use of chemicals and instead focus more on agroecological farming practices.
  • SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS : The report urged people to eat healthier, plant-based food and less meat.
  • SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT : It also called for focussing on the problem of food wastage within the supply chain and household.
  • CLIMATE ACTION: The report called for nature-based solutions to reduce climate change
  • ONE HEALTH : Agricultural and urban ecosystems, as well as wildlife should be managed in an integrated manner.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Sustainable management of fisheries, oceans and freshwater as well as sustainable development of cities and infrastructure were the other areas in which the shift needed to take place.

SUGGESTED READING : https://www.cbd.int/sp/targets/ 

     SOURCES:DownToEarth | Global Biodiversity Outlook 5 Report (GBO-5) 2020

DISCOVER MORE : REPORTS

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