Forum for Decarbonizing Transport | UPSC


NITI Aayog and World Resources Institute India Jointly Launch ‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India

      WHY IN NEWS:

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  • NITI Aayog and World Resources Institute(WRI), India, jointly launched the ‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India as part of the NDC-Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA) project on 23August.
  • The launch was held virtually and inaugurated by NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant.


  • India has a massive and diverse transport sector, which is also the third most CO2 emitting sector.
  • Data from (IEA, 2020; Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change, 2018) suggests that within the transport sector, road transport contributes to more than 90% of the total CO2 emissions.
  • The Government of India is continuously working towards the decarbonisation of road transport, with a major focus on the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) in the country.


  • NITI Aayog has been at the helm of the promotion of EVs and sustainable mobility through the National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage.
  • However, to leverage and streamline EVs across the country, there is a need is to create a favourable ecosystem for different stakeholders.
  • These stakeholders include Central/state Governments, state-designated agencies, financial institutions, businesses, OEMs, research and technical institutes, private bodies and think tanks.


  • The Stakeholder Forum on Transport Decarbonisation is a defining milestone for the electric mobility ecosystem in the country.
  • It will bring together CEOs, researchers, academics, multilateral agencies, financial institutions as well as the Central and state government on a common platform.

  • Through effective collaboration, cooperation and convergence, we must work together to usher clean mobility in India.


  • The NDC Transport Initiative for Asia (TIA 2020-2023) is a joint programme of seven organisations that will engage China, India, and Vietnam in promoting a comprehensive approach to decarbonizing transport in their respective countries.

  • The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) support the initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.
  • NITI Aayog is the implementing partner for the India component of the project.


  • The NDC-TIA India component focuses on developing a coherent strategy of effective policies and the formation of a multi-stakeholder platform for decarbonizing transport in the country.
  • Through this forum, the WRI India team, along with NITI Aayog and other project partners, will work in close coordination with all these stakeholders to formulate strategies and develop appropriate business models to accelerate electric mobility in India.
  • The forum will also provide a platform to initiate dialogues for the development of uniform policies and help achieve specific results in reducing emissions from the transport sector.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • India has a great opportunity to decarbonize its urban transport sector.

Promotion of walking, cycling and public transport coupled with electrification of motor vehicles should be the right strategy for the country.

  • Reducing carbon emissions from the transport sector will require actions on multiple fronts.
  • The Forum for Decorbonication of Transport will act as the conduit for bringing diverse voices and needs to adopt an integrated approach for greening the transport sector in India.
     SOURCES:   PIB  | Forum for Decarbonizing Transport | UPSC

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