Enhancing NDCs for Food Systems Report | UNEP
UN report flags changes in food system to boost climate action
WHY IN NEWS:
The pandemic has demonstrated how business need to rebuild food systems.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Reports
ENHANCING NDCS FOR FOOD SYSTEMS REPORT
Enhancing NDCS for food systems recommendations for decision-makers
- The world has missed out on significant opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
- The report focuses on strengthening food systems in the age of climate crisis stated.
- However, by simply adding these aspects to national climate plans, policymakers can improve their mitigation and adaptation contributions from food systems by as much as 25 per cent.
- This will enhance the process of achieving the Sustainable Development (SDG) goals by 2030.
- According to the 2015 Paris Agreement, all member countries are expected to revise or resubmit their NDCs every five years.
The report identified ways to address the issue and put it forward in the public domain for policymakers to take action.
Here are few recommendations :
- Adopting SDG 12.3 to cut food waste in half at retail and consumer level and reducing food loss along the supply chain as a national target .
- Developing a national strategy through a multi-stakeholder process to prioritize policies, measures, awareness-raising and educational programs .
- Supporting voluntary agreements in the food retail and manufacturing sectors .
- Incentivising food waste recycling .
- Implementing educational programs to avoiding and reduce food waste .
- Promoting the conversion of food waste into biogas through composting and energy recovery
- Developing waste recycling programs and improved technologies.
- Realigning susbsidies to promote production, processing and consumption of healthy and sustainable
- Introducing environment sustainability elements into national dietary guidelines .
- Supporting development of front-of-pack nutrition and sustainable food labelling.
- Banning advertising and marketing of unhealthy and ultra-processed foods.
- Embedding sustainable food systems and the Planetary Health Diet in school curricula.
SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
- Promoting investment in infrastructure and technology to prevent post-harvest losses
- Supporting agricultural research to develop technologies to reduce post-harvest food loss
- Increasing investment in building infrastructure, promoting urban-rural links, connecting farmers to markets
- Diverting unused food to animal feed
- Reutilizing organic or agricultural waste for energy production.
- The report was put forward with more ambitious targets and measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
- Food security, hunger and food wastage are being discussed largely.
- Especially in the wake of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID -19) pandemic, which exposed the fragility of the food supply chain.
- Reorienting consumption by halving food waste and catalysing a shift towards more plant-rich diets is also a powerful climate mitigation tool to take advantage of.