IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 18th Sep 2020
Everything is either an opportunity to grow or an obstacle to keep you from growing. You get to choose.– Wayne Dyer
EDITORIAL HUNT #143 :“Does China Fear QUAD in 2020 ? | UPSC“
THANVI MADAN | ASHOK KANTHA
Does China Fear QUAD in 2020 ? | UPSC
Is the Quad rising after China’s challenge at the LAC?
The Quadrilateral will be useful, but it will not be the answer to the challenge India is facing
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
Can Quad be a perfect solution for meaningful disengagement at the McMahon line ? Comment -(GS 2)
- Significance of Quad
- Quad and China
- To-do List
- As India faces China’s challenge over the ground situation at the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
- There is hope that the five-point agreement in Moscow last week will bring some peace along the LAC.
- DEFINING POINT : We have had stand-offs along the India-China border in the past, but what’s happening this time is really different.
- THE ONUS : The responsibility has been placed on the border commanders to move towards early disengagement, de-escalation of troops.
- BORDER INTRUSIONS : The Chinese have violated previous agreements on the LAC.
- TRUST DEFICIT : even the Indian Ambassador to China pointed out that there’s been considerable damage to trust between New Delhi and Beijing.
- DIALOGUE CULTURE : Both China and India are much stronger countries than they were then, and they have dialogue mechanisms despite the kind of violations we have seen.
- RULE BASED ORDER : Try to deter China in the future, to set the rules of the road in the Indo-Pacific, and to ensure that they are maintained, but it’s not an exclusive arrangement.
- IMPACT : India’s presence in the Quad did not deter China or the PLA from transgressing the boundary.
- RECOGNISING THE PRESENT : We have to recognise and acknowledge that our relations with China have entered new territory, a much larger jigsaw puzzle .
- CAPABILITY GAP : Now, as we try and deal with an increasingly aggressive China, the capability gap between India and China is growing.
- LIMITED USE : When it comes to our continental challenge vis-a-vis China, the Quad will be of fairly limited use to us.
THE NEED OF QUAD
- CONGLOMERATION : The focus is on including maritime security cooperation, providing alternatives to the Belt and Road initiative, cooperation in 5G, cyberspace etc.
- QUAD-PLUS : Things like Quad-plus formats ( post COVID-19 world ) would look like, not just in terms of the kind of healthcare, but also in things like supply chain resiliency.
- HABIT OF CO OPERATION : It is still a question of whether Quad countries can establish more habits of cooperation and interoperability.
- BUILDING RESILIENCE : What India needs to do most of internal balancing, use these partnerships to build India’s own capabilities.
- RECENT WALKOUT : The recent walk out of the NSA [National Security Advisers] meeting because of the Pakistanis showing a new map.
- REQUISITE STRATEGY : What we need to do is to show the requisite strategy, flexibility.
- MULTILATERALISM : India may consider having multiple partnerships, but they are all not equal.
- DEMARCATING LINES : This is not a hub and spoke where each of these relationships is equal.
Bilateral relations don’t just mean that in the military sense, they need to act together, that could be like the supposed tsunami in disaster relief too.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Does China Fear QUAD in 2020 ? | UPSC