IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 19th Nov 2020
“Happiness cannot be traveled to, owned, earned, or worn. It is the spiritual experience of living every minute with love, grace & gratitude.” – Denis Waitley
EDITORIAL HUNT #249 :“Decoding Biden’s Policy Den for India and the World | UPSC”
Decoding Biden’s Policy Den for India and the World | UPSC
Krishnan Srinivasan is a former Foreign Secretary
Decoding Biden’s presidency, for India and the world
His major preoccupation could be the difficult U.S. domestic agenda; India must revert to pluralist multi-alignment
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
New Delhi should concentrate on building its economy and re-set its external relations with U.S., reverting to the recently discarded formula of pluralist multi-alignment.-(GS 2)
- India-U.S. Relations
- Post election scenario
- Pluralistic engagement
- India’s Alignments.
- ONGOING ASSESSMENTS : Every country is trying to assess if a Biden presidency will be good, bad or neutral.
- INTER-PERSONNEL SKILLS : Personal relations must never be over-estimated as a guide to foreign policy, which is best developed on the basis of objective interests.
- PRIORITIES AND RESENTMENTS : Hostility to a third country cannot constitute a foundation in a world with inconsistent priorities.
NO WISHING AWAY TRUMPISM
- VANDALISM : Despite being world leader in terms of economy, military size and technological prowess, fear and hatred were predominant features of the American elections.
- VINDICTIVE DESTRUCTION : Hatred of Republicans and Democrats for each other, fear of what President Trump might do in vindictive destruction during the days before he leaves office.
- DEFAMATION AND VILIFICATIONS : Offensive personal insults degraded the dignity of the process, and hatred of Mr. Trump translated into support for his opponent, even if it was the elder, lacklustre Mr. Biden.
- FACTIONALISM : The two parties will suffer fragmentation and internal conflict.
- TRUMPISM : Trumpism, still formidably popular as evidenced by the voting figures, will devastate the already diminished liberal and moderate wings of the Republican Party.
- ROLE OF MEDIA : Of particular discomfort for America’s image, Twitter, Facebook and mainstream TV channels issued warnings on the veracity of Mr. Trump’s messages and his incitement to violence.
SOURCES : PEW RESEARCH CENTRE
- A DEMOCRACY CHECK : The U.S. situated itself as an arbiter for verifying democracy around the world, ignoring its own discrimination against black, Hispanic, native Americans and other minorities.
A WEAKENED AMERICA
- SHEER DOMINANCE : American global dominance has relied on economic, military and cultural power.
- FOREIGN POLICY : A foreign policy that operates on threat and force through its military deployed in nearly 800 bases in approximately 70 countries.
- THE ECONOMIC POLICY : Extravagant use of direct, secondary and extra-territorial sanctions which currently afflict an estimated 30 countries and territories.
- MASKED EXCEPTIONALISM : Unilateralism based on presumed exceptionalism masks America’s weakened moral and political authority and loss of confidence in its leadership.
- U.S. POLITY : The U.S. political system is dominated by powerful corporations and entrenched interests which control politicians for their own interests and not those of the working population.
- INDICATORS OF DEFICIENCIES : Massive trade deficits reveal that the U.S. is no longer a manufacturing economy, and collapsing social conditions from health care to civic infrastructure are indicators.
- THE RUSSIAN DILEMMA : Russia fears Mr. Biden would oppose the almost-complete Nord Stream pipeline.
- MINDSETs AT EASTERN EUROPE : Europe feels that the incoming team of Obama veterans will pursue an aggressive interventionist policy.Europe seeks greater respect and consideration.
- CHINESE CONTENTIONS : China fears more acute trade wars and an Obama-era hostile pivot to Asia.
- WEST ASIA IN LESS PRESSURE : Israel and some Gulf states are warning against diminishing pressure on Iran.
- SOUTH AMERICANS SEEK : Venezuela, Iran and Cuba hope for a moderation in Washington’s Trump-era hostility.
- SOLVING DOMESTIC ISSUES FIRST : Mr. Biden’s preoccupation will be on his domestic agenda in a country divided down the middle.
- RISING DISCONTENT : Half the electorate is seething with discontent stoked by Mr. Trump.
- QUICK RESOLUTIONS : Mr. Biden must deal urgently with the novel coronavirus pandemic, the economy and race relations.
- MAINTAINING EQUILIBRIUM : In his short tenure, he must work for a more equal society though Mr. Trump has packed the Supreme and Federal Courts with reactionary nominees.
- ECONOMIC DIVIDE : The 2,497 counties that voted for Mr. Trump generate only 29% of GDP, while 477 counties won by Mr. Biden contribute 70%, revealing the economic divide even as the stock market registers record gains.
SOURCES : PEW RESEARCH CENTRE
- RESTORING CREDIBILITY : Mr. Biden’s office can endorse or reject treaties, and can frustrate restoration of membership of the World Health Organization, the Iran nuclear deal.
- The United States, not Britain, is the nation of shopkeepers.
- ECONOMIC PROSPECTS : American business regards China as a major market and driver of its economic prospects, as do Japan and Australia.
- VIABILITY OF QUAD : Without the impetus, driven for blatant political purposes, of the Trump administration, the future viability of the Quad formation is in doubt.
- PLURALISTIC MULTI-ALIGNMENT : New Delhi should concentrate on building its economy and re-set its external relations, reverting to the recently discarded formula of pluralist multi-alignment.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Decoding Biden’s Policy Den for India and the World | UPSC