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PINK COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

Major Port at Vadhavan in Maharashtra


Cabinet gives in-principle approval for setting up a new Major Port at Vadhavan in Maharashtra

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its ‘in-principle’ approval for setting up a Major Port at Vadhavan near Dahanu in Maharashtra.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Transport:Port Trust of India:Models


For PRELIMS location and typography of this place is important.

For MAINS we have covered how ports are built and the models. Go through it.


Vadhavan port will be developed on “land lord model. A Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) will be formed with Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) as the lead partner with equity participation equal to or more than 50% to implement the project.

Total cost of the project is likely to be Rs.65,544.54 crore.

What does “land lord model” mean ?

In the landlord port model, the publicly governed port authority acts as a regulatory body and as landlord while private companies carry out port operations—mainly cargo-handling activities.

Here, the port authority maintains ownership of the port while the infrastructure is leased to private firms that provide and maintain their own superstructure and install own equipment to handle cargo.

In return, the landlord port gets a share of the revenue from the private entity.

Currently, most major port trusts in India carry out terminal operations as well, resulting in a hybrid model of port governance.


viability gap funding (VGF) model

The viability gap funding (VGF) model can be used if revenue from the berth is inadequate to service the capital expenditure.

In such cases, a one-time VGF can be provided by the central government to make the PPP investment viable.


The annuity model can be used to remove traffic and revenue risk for PPP projects.

In such cases, the port authority can pay a fixed semi-annual fee to the private operator to compensate him for capital cost and operational expenses, along with an assured percentage of returns.

The private developer, though, will not have the right to any charges levied on cargo.

A variation of this is the hybrid annuity model wherein a 40% capital support is provided by the government and annuities are replaced by fixed cash flows to meet the cash outflows of the private developer.

If a state-owned cargo berth has no potential for PPP, it can enter into an operation and management (O&M) contract for operations management with O&M fees charged annually.

The SPV will develop the port infrastructure including reclamation, construction of breakwater, besides establishing connectivity to the hinterland. All the business activities would be undertaken under PPP mode by private developers.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Vadhavan port has a natural draft of about 20 meters close to the shore, making it possible for it to handle bigger vessels at the port.

Development of Vadhavan port will enable call of container vessels of 16,000-25,000 TEUs capacity, giving advantages of economies of scale & reducing logistics cost.

The position of JN Port, the biggest container port in India is 28thin the world with a traffic of 5.1 million TEUs (Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units).

Even after the completion of 4th terminal at JN Port with a capacity increase upto10 million TEUs by 2023, it will stand as the 17thlargest container port in the world.

With the development of Vadhavan port, India will break into the countries with top 10 container ports in the world.


International Seafood Show


International Seafood Show in Kochi from 7-9 February 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

India set to achieve marine export target of USD 15 billion in five years

Ministry ? Ministry of Commerce & Industry
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:miscellaneous


The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA), under Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, in association with the Seafood Exporters Association of India (SEAI), is organizing the 22nd edition of India International Seafood Show (IISS) 2020 in Kochi from 7-9 February 2020.
Over 200 exhibitors, 350 stalls and more than 5000 delegates, including foreign delegates, are expected to attend the three-day event at Kochi.
The biennial show returns to Kochi after 12 years and will provide a platform for Indian exporters and overseas importers of Indian marine products to interact.
The theme of this year’s seafood show is “Blue Revolution- Beyond Production to Value Addition”.


The delegates include seafood processors, buyers and stakeholders, from other related sectors, representing firms in India and abroad.


It will also give an opportunity for display and sale for manufacturers and suppliers of processing machinery, packaging systems, processing ingredient dealers and cold chain systems.

The seafood show will also give service providers like the logistics and certifying and testing segments an opportunity to showcase their products.

IISS 2020 will highlight the technological advances and sustainable practices followed in seafood processing sector in India.

Further, the processing industry always looks to upgrade its technological backup for value addition.

Sustainable fishing methods, value addition and increased aquaculture production through diversification will support this target set out for export of India’s marine products.

The 21st edition of IISS was held in Goa in January 2018.

The Show will pave way for Foreign Direct Investment in India and will contribute significantly to the Make in India programme.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The IISS is one of the oldest and largest seafood events in the world.

It attracts seafood traders from the major markets like USA, EU, Japan, South East Asia and other countries.

Apart from this, foreign machinery manufacturers will showcase their cutting edge equipment/machineries.

The seafood show gives scope for tapping new avenues and introducing various technologies and products to the global market.


Intellectual Property Rights in Defence


Intellectual Property Rights in Defence

Ministry ? Ministry of Defence


For PRELIMS MRGS Mission is very important for Prelims


In 2018, Ministry of Defence, Department of Defence Production has launched a programme ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti (MRGS)’ to promote self-reliance and have an enabling framework for creation of Intellectual Property (IP) and management of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in Indian Defence sector. 

Since the launch of programme MRGS, a total of 1084 IP applications have been filed by the personnel of Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs)/Ordnance Factories (OFs).

‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti (MRGS)’

Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti was launched in the year 2018 with the aim to inculcate IP culture in Indian defence manufacturing ecosystem.

A nodal Intellectual Property Facilitation Cell (IPFC) has been set up under Directorate General of Quality Assurance to create awareness about IPRs.

The Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) is under the Department Of Defence Production , Ministry of Defence. The organisation provides Quality Assurance (QA) cover for the entire range of Arms, Ammunitions, Equipments and Stores supplied to Armed Forces.

A major IPR Awareness Program has been launched and a total of 17938 personnel have been trained till 31 December, 2019.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Innovative research in DPSUs and Ordnance Factories has enabled the development of certain materials,components/assemblies/sub-assemblies that result in performance upgradation of existing systems/platforms and simultaneously reducing India’s dependence on imports.

Some of the challenges faced in attracting private and public sector entities for IPRs is the risk of leakage of classified information regarding defence technology due to mandatory disclosures associated with IPR filing and for combating IPR infringement.


National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction


Implementation of National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated and is implementing a National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction (NAPDDR) for 2018-2025.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:National Action Plan for Drug


The activities under the NAPDDR, inter-alia, include awareness generation programmes in schools/colleges/Universities, workshops/seminars/ with parents, community based peerled interactions intervention programmes for vulnerable adolescent and youth in the community, provisioning of treatment facilities and capacity building of service providers.

National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction

The Plan aims at reduction of adverse consequences of drug abuse through a multi-pronged strategy.

Ministry ? Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

The Ministry has also approved the proposal of National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (NDDTC, AIIMS) for providing financial assistance for establishment of Addiction Treatment Facilities at 125 Govt. Hospitals in phase manner for over a period of three years.

The National Institute of Social Defence (NISD) is the technical resource agency for implementing the activities of the NAPDDR across the country.

NISD through various stakeholders has conducted awareness  programs and campaign in schools and colleges.

An amount of Rs. 3.58 Crore has been released to AIIMS for capacity building mechanism and  Rs.0.70 Crore has been released to State Govt.  of M.P. for setting up an anti-drug awareness project “KAWACH” for school children in Madhya Pradesh.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Ministry has also initiated establishing of Outreach and Drop in Centres (ODIC) to conduct outreach activities in the community for prevention of drug abuse with a special focus on youth who are dependent on drugs and is also undertaking Community based Peer led Intervention (CPLI) programmes for early prevention education specially for vulnerable adolescents and youth in the community in selected districts across the Country.

Till date, 1033 awareness programs have been conducted across nationwide.


Namaste Orcha festival


A cultural experience on the banks of Betwa

      WHY IN NEWS:

The three-day Namaste Orcha festival will showcase arts, crafts and local delights; host performances by Shubha Mudgal, Indian Ocean



For PRELIMS just remember the venue and why this festival is being celebrated.Rest all is done !


A three-day multi-cultural festival aims to promote tourism in the heritage city of Orchha, Madhya Pradesh. ‘Namaste Orchha’, organised by the Madhya Pradesh government, will celebrate the cultural diversity, natural beauty and the architectural heritage of the town.

Namaste Orcha festival

The festival, which begins on March 6, will showcase music, dance, heritage walks, local cuisine, arts and handicrafts.

The first day of the festival will be held at Jahangir Mahal, built in 17th Century by the then ruler Vir Singh Deo in honour of the Mughal emperor Jahangir. 

Through this festival local businesses will get an opportunity to expand tourism offerings and wedding industries to uncover untapped potential in the State.

Namaste Orchha will take place between March 6 to 8, 2020 at Orchha, Madhya Pradesh.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“This festival will find a place of pride in the lives of the local populace of Orchha, sharing their home and heart with visitors,” he said. The government has also trained local tourist guides in French and German.

Organisers have put together a maha aarti on the banks of river Betwa to give the visitors an immersive experience.

Plus, special and authentic home stays have been developed for visitors to create additional modes of sustainable income for locals. “This will allow visitors to experience the town as a local and give them an opportunity to taste local cuisine,”

SUGGESTED READING : www.namasteorchha.in

WHO busts myths and fake messages


WHO busts myths and fake messages on coronavirus

      WHY IN NEWS:

‘No scientific basis to garlic and sesame oil treatments’



Busting the myths and fake messages circulating on social media, the Public Health department of Maharashtra on Wednesday said consuming more garlic, curry leaves or cow’s urine would neither treat nor prevent one from the novel coronavirus (nCoV) infection.


The officials urged people to instead follow good hand hygiene, have coughing and sneezing etiquette and eat nutritious and well-cooked food.

“Messages claiming that garlic, curry leaves and cow’s urine can prevent or treat nCoV are being circulated in the name of doctors, medical institutions and the Health department. They are all false,” said Health Minister Rajesh Tope.

“At present, there is no specific treatment for nCoV and patients are given only symptomatic treatment. While there is no reason to panic, people should not fall prey to such misleading messages,” he said.

Messages talking about superfoods and home remedies for prevention and treatment have no scientific basis, he said.

The World Health Organisation also took to social media to spread awareness and bust such misleading claims.

On garlic, WHO said it is a healthy food that may have some antimicrobial properties but there is no evidence that it has prevented people from contracting the 2019 nCoV.

On sesame oil, WHO said: “Sesame oil is delicious but it does not kill nCoV.” Some forwards have warned people against eating Chinese or preserved foods etc.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“It is important to tackle misinformation as soon as possible. When there is an unknown, people try to fill in the void,” WHO’s Dr. Sylvie Brian said at a press meet in Geneva on Tuesday.



 Let us ‘Discuss’


      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.



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