In every day, there are 1,440 minutes. That means we have 1,440 daily opportunities to make a positive impact.-Les Brown


ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

National Creche Scheme


National Creche Scheme

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB!

MINISTRY?Ministry of Women and Child Development


For PRELIMS understand the guidelines as they can be twisted in MCQ.

For MAINS look out for the implementation lacunae.


National Creche Scheme (earlier named as Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme) is being implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme through States/UTs with effect from 1.1.2017 to provide day care facilities to children (age group of 6 months to 6 years) of working mothers.


  1. Daycare Facilities including Sleeping Facilities.
  2. Early Stimulation for children below 3 years and pre-school Education for 3 to 6 years old children.
  3. Supplementary Nutrition ( to be locally sourced).
  4. Growth Monitoring.
  5. Health Check-up and Immunization


  1. Crèches shall be open for 26 days in a month and for seven and half (7-1/2) hours per day.
  2. The number of children in the crèche should not be more than 25 per crèche with 01 Worker and 01 helper respectively.
  3. User charges to bring in an element of community ownership and collected as under:
  • BPL families – Rs 20/- per child per month.
  • Families with Income (Both Parents) of upto Rs. 12,000/- per month – Rs. 100/- per child per month
  • Families with Income (Both Parents) of above Rs. 12,000/- per month – Rs. 200/- per child per month.

As on 11.03.2020, 6453 creches are functional across the country under the  National Creche Scheme.

Government of Kerala has taken over 479 creches under the erstwhile RGNCS and running under National Creche Scheme.

Grants have been released to the State Governments/UT Administration for crèches found functional and taken over by them.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Regular and strict monitoring is conducted at different levels to ensure effective running of the Scheme and also to ensure that the beneficiaries are delivered services as envisaged in the Scheme.

Monitoring of implementation of the scheme is being undertaken through meetings and video conferences with the officials of State Governments/ UT.

Ministry officials undertake field visits to ascertain the status of implementation of the scheme. NITI Aayog conducts the third party evaluation.


BhoomiRashi potral


BhoomiRashi potral of M/o RTH has significantly expedited error free and transparent land acquisition for National Highways

      WHY IN NEWS:

Nearly 3000 notifications issued in 2018-19 against only about 1000 per year in previous two years

MINISTRY?Ministry of Road Transport & Highways
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Portal:Land Acquisition


For PRELIMS you have to understand the process of land acquisition by NHAI.

For MAINS nothing much here.


37078 hectares of land notified in 21 months since 01.04.2018 against 33005 hectares in pervious four years

The BhoomiRashi Portal lunched on 01.04.2018 as a major e-Governance initiative of the Ministry of the Road Transport & Highways, has expedited significantly the process of land acquisition for National Highways, making it error-free & more transparent with notifications at every stage being processed on real time basis.


The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has launched the BhoomiRashi portal on 01.04.2018.

While the physical processing of the cases usually took considerable time, ranging from weeks to even months, and there were errors whose rectification caused further delays, the processing time using this portal has been reduced to less than two weeks in a majority of cases and even a few days in some cases.

In 2018-19, 2920 land acquisition notifications have been issued using the portal as against an average of 1000 notifications issued yearly in the previous two years.

In 21 months (from 01.04.2018 to 31.12.2019), nearly 37078 hectares of land has been notified (u/s 3D of the National Highways Act, 1956) by National Highways Authority of India as compared to 33005 hectares notified between 2014-15 to 2017-18 (four years).

So far, nearly 4,16,000 number of persons have visited the portal.


The portal has been integrated with the Public Financial Management System (PFMS) for depositing the compensation in the account of affected/ interested persons on real-time basis.

This integration has resulted in avoiding the parking of huge public funds in the account of Competent Authority for Land Acquisition.

Already payments to 2111 beneficiaries, for Rs. 172,64,04,540/- has been made through PFMS in 11 states (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal) using the portal.

The BhoomiRashi portal model is replicable and can be used by state governments as well as by Ministries which directly acquire land under their relevant legal provisions.

In the past years, acquisition of land for the purpose of National Highway projects, payment of compensation to the land owners etc. were done manually by physical movement of documents in the form of files.

However, in that procedure some constraints viz. delay in issuing notification, errors in the land/ area details etc. were being faced.

In order to overcome these issues, to cut short delays and avoid parking of public funds with the Competent Authority for Land Acquisition (CALA), Ministry has developed a web based Utility – BhoomiRashi to fully digitize and automate the entire process of land acquisition.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The details are regularly updated based on feedback from state governments.

The system helps in expediting the process by providing simultaneous Hindi translation and has been linked to the e-gazette for expeditious publication.

The system also provides a predefined format for preparation of 3a, 3A and 3D draft notifications as well as award calculator for issuing error-free notifications and ensuring transparency in calculating amount of compensation.

SUGGESTED READING : https://bhoomirashi.gov.in/

New technologies to farmers


Imparting new technologies to farmers through electronic media

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY?Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:3:Agriculture:Technology


For PRELIMS these are in form of snippets.Note them down or digest it now !

For MAINS these initiatives can enhance your score in the exam .


DAC&FW is educating farmers through following use of electronic media as follows :-

1) Kisan Suvidha mobile app facilitates dissemination of information to farmers on the critical parameters viz., Weather; Market Prices; Plant Protection; Input Dealers (Seed, Pesticide, Fertilizer) Farm Machinery; Soil Health Card; Cold Storages &Godowns, Veterinary Centres and Diagnostic Labs.

2) Crop related advisories are regularly sent to the registered farmers through SMSs on mKisan Portal (www.mkisan.gov.in).

3) The Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) has compiled more than 100 mobile apps developed by ICAR, State Agricultural Universities and KrishiVigyanKendras (KVKs) in the areas of crops, horticulture, veterinary, dairy, poultry, fisheries, natural resources management and integrated subjects.

4)Awareness/ education is being created among farmers through various electronic mass media mediums like DD Kisan Channel, Doordarshan, All India Radio etc.

5) Apart from the above, Social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, YouTube are being used to educate farmers, across the country.

Schemes aimed at imparting training in agriculture and allied sectors:-

i) A Centrally Sponsored Scheme on ‘Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms’ popularly known as Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) Scheme is under implementation in 691 districts of 28 States & 5 UTs of the country. The extension activities under ATMA, inter-alia, include Farmers’ Training. During the year, 2018-19, 19.18 lakh farmers availed training benefits under ATMA.

ii) Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) with its network of 717 KrishiVigyanKendras (KVKs) has mandate of technology assessment, demonstration and capacity development of farmers. KVKs are imparting training to farmers for getting higher agricultural production and income. During the year 2018-19, 13.51 lakh farmers were trained by KVKs in various thematic areas.

iii) Four Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institutes (FMTTIs) located at Budni (MP), Hissar (Haryana), Ananthapur (AP) and BiswanathChariali (Assam) are engaged in imparting training to various categories of trainees including farmers, in the field of Farm Mechanization. During the year 2018-19, these Institutes have trained 9905 candidates.

iv) National Food Security Mission (NFSM) is being implemented in identified districts of 28 States and 2 UTs viz. Ladakh and J&K of the country to increase the production and productivity of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals and nutri- cereals (millets) through area expansion and productivity enhancement. During the year 2018-19, 3,42,188 number of farmers were trained.

v) Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), a Centrally Sponsored Scheme is being implemented for holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo. All States and UTs are covered under MIDH. During 2018-19, 1,91,086 number of farmers were trained.

vi) In addition to the above, training of farmers is an inbuilt component under Sub-Mission on Plan Protection & Plant Quarantine. Farmer Field Schools are conducted for promoting Integrated Pest Management among farmers. During the year 2018-19, 712 FFSs were organized under the scheme.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The DAC&FW is organized into 28 Divisions and has five attached offices and twenty-one subordinate offices which are spread across the country for coordination with state level agencies and implementation of Central Sector Schemes in their respective fields.


Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram


Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY?Ministry of Health and Family Welfare


For PRELIMS know the specifications of this scheme and concentrate less on numbers here.

For MAINS drawbacks of this scheme have to analysed on global perspective.


Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK)

Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) has been launched with the objective to eliminate out of pocket expenses for both pregnant women and sick infants accessing public health institution for treatment.The initiative was estimated to benefit more than 1 crore pregnant women access public health institutions every year in both urban and rural areas.


  • Free and zero expense Delivery and Caesarean Section.
  • Free Drugs and Consumables.
  • Free Essential Diagnistics (Blood,Urine tests and Ultra sonography etc.)
  • Free Diet during stay in the health institutions (up to 3 days for normal delivery and 7 days for caesarean section)
  • Free Provision of Blood.
  • Free Transport from Home to Health institutions.
  • Free Transport between facilities in case of referral.
  • Drop Back from institutions to home after 48 hrs stay.
  • Exemption from all kinds of User Charges.


  • Free and zero expense treatment
  • Free Drugs and Consumables
  • Free Diagnostics
  • Free Provision of Blood
  • Free Transport from Home to Health institutions.
  • Free Transport between facilities in case of referral
  • Drop back from institutions to home
  • Exemption from all kinds of user charges.


Periodic reviews and field visits are undertaken at various levels to assess the implementation of Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK) by the States.

Nine Common Review Missions (CRMs) have been undertaken and they have also independently reviewed the implementation of JSSK in selected States

NSSO (National Sample Survey Office), Ministry of Statistics &Programme implementation also conducting survey on utilization of different services under maternal health.

Steps taken for effective implementation of JSSK are :

  • Periodic Regional and State level Review meetings
  • Communication through different channels with State Governments including letters, videoconferencing, etc
  • Field visits by Central level teams to monitor the progress of implementation.
  • Popularizing the Scheme through Information Education & Communication (IEC) &Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) strategies including mass media.
  • Field level workers like ANMs and ASHAs are promoting this programme at the ground level through interpersonal communication
  • Referral transport for pregnant women,  sick neonates and infants is being provided by the States as per their local needs, using different models which include a network of emergency response vehicles using toll free number, government ambulances, available transport under public private partnership etc
  • A mechanism of regular supportive supervisory visits to the states and districts to monitor the implementation of JSSK is also put in place and is effective in the implementation of the programme.
JSSK Evaluation was also conducted by Deloitte Touché Tohmatsu India Private Ltd. (Deloitte) as the Technical Support Agency (TSA) to the National Health Mission (NHM)in the States of J&K, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and West Bengal in 2013.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 


  • Awareness & IEC on JSSK needs further improvement
  • Close monitoring by State & District on any out of pocket expenditure
  • Out of pocket expenditure on  drug, diagnostics and  referral transport for pick up or drop back is still existing
  • Emphasis on entitlements for newborn and infants needs improvement
  • Grievance Redressal needs strengthening across all states.

National Biopharma Mission


National Biopharma Mission

      WHY IN NEWS:

NBM — an industry-Academia Collaborative Mission for accelerating biopharmaceutical development

MINISTRY?Ministry of Science & Technology


For PRELIMS you have to understand this mission and the relevant facts .

For MAINS we will cover this issue in upcoming articles in more depth.




The National Biopharma Mission (NBM) is an industry-Academia Collaborative Mission for accelerating biopharmaceutical development in the country.


Under this Mission the Government has launched Innovate in India (i3) programme to create an enabling ecosystem to promote entrepreneurship and indigenous manufacturing in the sector.


The mission will be implemented by Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC).

The mission was approved in 2017 at a total cost of Rs 1500 crore and is 50% co-funded by World Bank loan.

It is managed through a dedicated Program Management Unit (PMU) at BIRAC.


Together with National and International experts, the most promising projects are selected in response to open Request for Applications issued by the PMU.

The program is promoting entrepreneurship by supporting small and medium enterprises for indigenous product development (Novel Cell lines, indigenously developed Biologics, devices and Raw materials for Biologics manufacturing) and through establishment of shared facilities and Technology Transfer Offices.

The oversight to the mission activities is provided by the inter-ministerial Steering Committee chaired by the Secretary-DBT.

The Technical Advisory Group (TAG) provides approval and reviews scientific progress of its components.

Further downstream, domain specific Scientific Advisory Groups (SAG), each for the activities/ product development partnerships, are responsible for providing scientific decision making and knowledge and oversight necessary for TAG.

This scientifically driven enterprise aims at developing an ecosystem for affordable product development and is focused on the following 4 verticals:

  • Development of product leads for Vaccines , Biosimilars and Medical Devices that are relevant to the public health need by focussing on managed partnerships.
  • Upgradation of shared infrastructure facilities and establishing them as centres of product discovery/discovery validations and manufacturing.
  • Develop human capital by providing specific trainings to address the critical skills gap among the nascent biotech companies across the product development value chain in areas such as Product development, intellectual property registration, technology transfer and regulatory standards.
  • Technology Transfer Offices: To help enhance industry academia inter-linkages and provide increased opportunities for academia, innovators and entrepreneurs to translate knowledge into products and technologies, 5 Technology Transfer Offices are being considered for funding under NBM.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

It promises to boost the growth curve for domestic biopharma in India by accelerating the translation of research concepts into viable products, enabling sustainable networks for collaboration between industry and academia, and supporting entrepreneurial ecosystem amongst many others.

The program has a great potential to take it further & move the idea of Make in India to Innovate in India.



 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.



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