IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS(THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

“Push today for what you want tomorrow!” ― Lorii Myers

 

 

Crime in India Report 2018

      HEADLINES:

U.P. tops list in crimes against women

      WHY IN NEWS:

NCRB publishes Crime in India Report 2018

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:2:3:Social Issues:Women Safety:NCRB

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS note that numbers here are not important , Note down the trends !

For MAINS use this data to substantiate a perfect stand to support your answers.

      ISSUE: 

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) published the annual Crime in India Report 2018 on Wednesday. It was published with provisional data, as five States — West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Sikkim — did not send clarifications sought by the NCRB despite repeated reminders. The 2017 annual crime report was published on October 21 last year, after a delay of two years.

REPORT ANALYSIS

WORST PERFORMING STATES:

Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 59,445 cases> Maharashtra (35,497) > West Bengal (30,394)

CONVICTION RATE :

The conviction rate in rape-related cases stood at 27.2% even though the rate of filing chargesheets was 85.3% in such cases.

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND SUICIDES 

Accidental Death and Suicides in India 2018 report is part of the same report.

FARMERS :

  • [wc_highlight color=”yellow” class=””]10,349 people working in the farm sector ended their lives in 2018[/wc_highlight], accounting for 7.7 % of the total number of suicides in the country.
  • The total number of people who committed suicide in 2018 was 1,34,516, an increase of 3.6% from 2017 when 1,29,887 cases were reported.
  • The highest number of suicide victims were daily wagers — 26,589, comprising 22.4% of such deaths.

SUICIDE REPORTED STATE WISE

Maharashtra (17,972) > Tamil Nadu (13,896)> West Bengal (13,255)> Madhya Pradesh (11,775) >Karnataka (11,561).

ZERO SUICIDE RATE 

Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep and Puducherry

A total of 29,017 cases of murder were registered in 2018, showing an increase of 1.3% over 2017 (28,653 cases).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The only Good News in this Report was :

The incidents registered under the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes related Acts saw a decline from 6729 incidents reported in 2017 to 4816 in 2018.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

‘Green Credit Scheme’

      HEADLINES:

Panel approves scheme to ‘trade’ in forests

      WHY IN NEWS:

It allows Forest Dept. to outsource reforesting to non-government agencies

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Forests

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS ‘Green Credit Scheme’ is important ! Note down the features and these can be part of any mcq.

For MAINS role of centre and state reagarding forest land should be more clear .

      ISSUE: 

The Forest Advisory Committee, an apex body tasked with adjudicating requests by the industry to raze forest land for commercial ends, has approved a scheme that could allow “forests” to be traded as a commodity. If implemented, it allows the Forest Department to outsource one of its responsibilities of reforesting to non-government agencies.

Forest Advisory Committee 

  • States, having well established forest departments, are in a better position, rather than Union Environment Ministry, to understand their own forests and needs, and should frame criteria for their forests; criteria so finalised by a State need not be subject to approval by Union Environment Ministry.
  • The freedom to define land, not already classified as forests by the Centre or State records, as forest has been the prerogative of the States since 1996 and stems from a Supreme Court order.

BACKGROUND 

Industries have often complained that they find it hard to acquire appropriate non-forest land, which has to be contiguous to existing forest.

Nearly ₹50,000 crore had been collected by the Centre over decades, but the funds were lying unspent because States were not spending the money on regrowing forests.

The Supreme Court intervened, a new law came about with rules for how this fund was to be administered. About ₹47,000 crore had been disbursed to States until August, but it has barely led to any rejuvenation of forests.

PRESENT CONTEXT 

Industry needs to make good the loss of forest by finding appropriate non-forest land — equal to that which would be razed.

It also must pay the State Forest Department the current economic equivalent — called Net Present Value — of the forest land.

It’s then the department’s responsibility to grow appropriate vegetation that, over time, would grow into forests.

‘Green Credit Scheme’ 

The proposed ‘Green Credit Scheme’ allows agencies — they could be private companies, village forest communities — to identify land and begin growing plantations.

After three years, they would be eligible to be considered as compensatory forest land if they met the Department’s criteria.

SILENT FEATURES:

  • Under the Green Credit Scheme, the Forest Department is allowed to [wc_highlight color=”yellow” class=””]outsource to non-government/private agencies. [/wc_highlight]
  • The scheme is in line with the Green India Mission that aims to achieve its target of 2.523 billion tonnes of carbon by 2020-30. It involves adding 30 million hectares in addition to an existing forest.
  • Green Credit Scheme allows agencies they could be private companies, village forest communities to identify land and begin growing plantations.
  • If they met the forest department criteria, after three years, they will be eligible to consider compensatory forest land.
  • Industry need forest land could then approach the agency and pay it for parcels of such forested land, and this will be transferred to the Forest Department and be recorded as forest land.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The scheme will encourage plantation by individuals outside the traditional forest area and help in meeting international commitments, such as sustainable development goals (SDGs) and nationally determined contributions.

On other hand critics say that it creates problems of privatizing multi-use forest areas as monoculture plantation plots. Forests are treated as a mere commodity without any social or ecological character.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 Fast Track Special Courts

      HEADLINES:

1023 Fast Track Special Courts will be set up for Speedy disposal of Rape and POCSO Act Cases

      WHY IN NEWS:

These are under National Mission for Safety of Women

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:2:3:Social Issues:Women Safety:Fast track courts

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS understand what is fast track courts and how why and when they are established

For MAINS pros and cons of fast track court are to be understood

      ISSUE: 

To bring out more stringent provisions and expeditious trial and disposal of cases related to heinous crimes against women , Union of India enacted the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018.

Fast Track Special Courts 

A ‘special court’ is one which is to deal with special types of cases under a shortened and simplified procedure.

The 11th Finance Commission had recommended a scheme for the establishment of 1734 FTCs for the expeditious disposal of cases pending in the lower courts. Fast-track courts (FTCs) are created primarily to deal with the judicial backlog.

MINISTRY : Ministry Of Law & Justice

The has taken up work of setting up of Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) as a part of National Mission for Safety of Women (NMSW).

IN A NUT SHELL : The Central Government has started a Scheme for setting up of 1023 FTSCs across the country based on pendency of subject cases obtained from various High Courts (1,66,882 numbers as on 31.03.2018) for time bound trial and disposal of pending cases related to rape and POCSO Act. 

In pursuance to the direction of Supreme Court of India in Suo Moto Writ Petition  out of 1023 FTSCs, 389 Courts have been proposed to be set up exclusively for POCSO Act related cases in Districts where pendency of such cases is more than 100.

[wc_highlight color=”yellow” class=””]216 numbers of POCSO courts have already been operationalized in 12 States under the scheme. [/wc_highlight]

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Only 216 numbers of POCSO courts have already been operationalized in 12 States under the scheme.

Out of total 31 States and UTs, so far, 24 have joined this scheme . This has been a major hurdle.  Efforts are constantly being made to obtain consent/willingness of remaining States/UTs.

The Department of Justice in the Government of India is constantly endeavoring to extend requisite assistance to the High Courts and State Governments in setting up of these Courts for prompt trial and disposal of cases to ensure safe and worth living environment especially to women and children in totality.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

MILAN 2020

      HEADLINES:

The City of Destiny Gearing Up to Host MILAN 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

After successfully hosting the International Fleet Review (IFR) in Feb 2016, the City of Destiny Visakhapatnam is gearing up to host another International Naval event ‘MILAN’ in March 2020.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Maritime Exercise

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS features of this exercise are very important and remember the venue!

For MAINS significance of such exercise and role of Indian Navy in IOR should be comprehensively analysed.

      ISSUE: 

MILAN 2020 is a multilateral naval exercise aimed to enhance professional interaction between friendly foreign navies and learn from each other’s strengths and best practices in the maritime domain. 

MILAN

Who Conducts it ? Ministry of Defence

PARTICIPANTS: The Exercise with the  Of the 41 navies invited, confirmations from over 30 navies have been received towards their participation in MILAN 2020.

HISTORY : The MILAN series of biennial exercises commenced in 1995. It was conducted at Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) until last year, for the first time on

THEME:  ‘Synergy Across the Seas’ would provide an excellent opportunity for Operational Commanders of friendly foreign navies to interact with each other in areas of mutual interest.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Through the exercise GoI will pursue cooperation initiatives with friendly foreign countries, including in Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

The areas of cooperation include capacity building, training, operational exercise marine domain awareness, hydrography, technical assistance.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

Smallest clumps of dark matter

      HEADLINES:

Scientist discovered the smallest clumps of dark matter

      WHY IN NEWS:

Scientists discovered the smallest clumps of dark matter ever identified called cold dark matter

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Space

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS know what why and how it was found . The same is highlighted below.

      ISSUE: 

Scientists discovered the smallest clumps of dark matter ever identified called cold dark matter using a new technique using the Hubble Space Telescope and a feature of general relativity.

Observations: 

The scientists from the University of California discovered the smallest clumps of dark matter ever identified called cold dark matter using a new technique using the Hubble Space Telescope and a feature of general relativity.

This clump is 100,000 times less massive than the Milky Way galaxy’s dark matter halo.
The Small dark matter clumps act as small cracks on the magnifying glass. It alters the brightness and position of the four quasar images.

These clumps seemed to be between 10,000 and 100,000 times smaller than the mass of the dark matter in and around the Milky Way.

Dark matter: 

Dark matter is formed of particles that do not reflect, absorb, or emit light, so they cannot be detected by observing electromagnetic radiation. Such matters cannot be seen directly.

The dark matter exists because of the effect it has on objects that can observe directly.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The dark matter in space can not be directly detected as the Universe doesn’t behave entirely as per the current physics.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

Pulses Conclave 2020

      HEADLINES:

Pulses Conclave 2020 to be held in Maharashtra

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Pulses Conclave 2020 (TPC 2020) has been scheduled to be held from 12-14 February 2020 in Lonavala, Maharashtra. The announcement was made by the India Pulses and Grains Association (IPGA), the nodal body for India’s pulses trade and industry on 9 January 2020.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Agriculture

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS know the significance .Thats more than enough as the issue is state specific.

For MAINS jot down anything which you find important.

      ISSUE: 

The biennial global pulses conference ‘TPC 2020’ is in line with the Prime Minister’s vision is to double the farmer’s income by the year 2022.

Events:

  • The Conclave programme various aspects including the dissemination of global and domestic pulses production numbers, global and domestic prices, supply and demand scenarios will be discussed.
  • It aims to put together a roadmap to help the Indian pulses trade be able to contribute to the PM’s vision of making India a $5 trillion economy through the retail sale of pulses, processed pulses, pulse derivates, and value additions, all of which will drive investments in the entire value chain.
  • IPGA’s programme aims to encourage its members to take advantage of the increased domestic production, balance imports vis-a-vis production and demand. It will ensure that the Indian consumer does not face any availability crunch nor high retail prices.

India Pulses and Grains Association (IPGA): 

IPGA is the apex body of India’s pulses and grains industry and trade.

It is headquartered in Mumbai. IPGA is registered under the Companies Act 2013 with a membership of over 270 including various regional associations of the Pulses industry.

It aims to make Indian pulses and grains industry and trade globally competitive which in turn will help India’s food and nutrition security.

Pulses: Pulses are the key source of proteins in India. India’s pulses production has steadily grown from around 19 million tons in 2013-14 to 23 million tons in 201-19. The target has been for 2019-20 is 26.30 million tons

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The production of pulses of pulses has been steadily growing. In 2013-14, production of pulses was around 19 million tonnes and it increased to 26.30

SUGGESTED READING : https://thepulsesconclave.in 

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

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