Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

“When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it.” – Henry Ford

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 7th Dec 2020

Parliament project set for launch

      HEADLINES:

Parliament project set for launch

      WHY IN NEWS:

PM will lay foundation stone on Dec. 10, floor leaders of all parties invited: Speaker

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2  : Parliament

      CONTEXT: 

The new building can accommodate up to 1,224 MPs during joint sessions.

NEW PARLIAMENT OF INDIA

  • New Parliament would be a symbol of “atmanirbhar Bharat” and a “temple of democracy” for Independent India.
  • The MPs’ offices, of 40 sq m each, would be built in place of the Shram Shakti Bhawan by 2024 .
  • This would be connected to Parliament via an underground pathway.

22-MONTH PLAN

  • The new building would be built adjacent to the existing building in over 22 months.
  • Artisans and sculptors from across the country would contribute to the new building, showcasing diversity and  “Atmanirbhar Bharat”.
  • The existing building would be preserved for future generations.

The building would have modern equipment, would be earthquake-safe and accommodate up to 1,224 MPs during joint sessions in the Lok Sabha chamber.

  • The Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha chambers themselves would accommodate 888 and 384 MPs respectively.
  • The building, to be constructed by Tata Projects Ltd. at ₹971 crore, would have a built-up area of 64,500 sq m over four floors.
  • The building has been modified over the years, including in 1956 when two floors were added.

NEED FOR NEW PARLIAMENT

  • The Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha halls were packed and would not be able to accommodate additional members when the number of seats goes up.

The existing Parliament building, constructed by the British in the 1920s, was designed for the Imperial Legislative Council and not for a bicameral Parliament.

  • The new Lok Sabha chamber would be three times the size of the current one.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Number of Lok Sabha seats has remained 545 based on delimitation carried out on the basis of the 1971 Census.

  • It is likely to increase after 2026 as the number of seats has been frozen till then.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 7th Dec 2020

Renewable energy park : India-Pakistan Border

      HEADLINES:

What is India’s sprawling renewable energy park, coming up on its border with Pakistan?

      WHY IN NEWS:

On December 15, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone for the 30,000 MW project in Gujarat’s Kutch district, billed as the largest of its kind in the world.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Energy

      ISSUE: 

The exclusive wind park zone will come up within 1-6 km of the international border.

  • The Government of India has committed itself to installing 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022

A 30,000 MW (megawatt) hybrid renewable energy park close to the Indo-Pak border in Kutch district.

  • The project is billed as the largest of its kind in the world.

The renewable energy park will have two zones:

  • One, a 49,600-hectare hybrid park zone that will accommodate wind and solar power plants of 24,800 MW capacity;
  • Two, an exclusive wind park zone spread over 23,000 hectares.
  • The project will be located between Khavda village and Vighakot.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

      • There has been a 10-fold increase in renewable energy capacity from 1,170 MW in 2008 to 11,264 MW in 2020.
     SOURCES:   IE   | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 7th Dec 2020

Vadhavan port project

      HEADLINES:

Why are villagers in Maharashtra’s Dahanu objecting to the Vadhavan port project?

      WHY IN NEWS:

The port project, estimated to cost Rs 65,544.54 crore, is part of the Centre’s Sagarmala initiative that aims to make Indian ports major contributors to the country’s GDP.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Environment and Forests and Climate Change
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Ports

      ISSUE: 

Villagers in Vadhavan protest the construction of the port.

  • Villagers in Vadhavan in Maharashtra’s Dahanu taluka, about 131 km from Mumbai,came out in protest against a biodiversity survey by the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT).

WHY ARE THE VILLAGERS OPPOSING THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE PORT?

  • The protesters, including men, women, and children raised slogans against the construction of the port that they believe will be detrimental to the environment and their livelihoods.
  • Dahanu is one of the eight talukas in Maharashtra’s newest district of Palghar, which was created in 2014.

Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), under the provisions of The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, declared Dahanu an “ecologically fragile area” .

  • It has imposed restrictions on setting up of industries that have a detrimental effect on the environment.
  • Stressing on the ecological sensitivity of the area, the locals have said that the construction of the port will not only hurt the flora and fauna of Dahanu.
  • It will also disrupt allied activities like fishing and farming.

Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 7th Dec 2020

 Locals including groups of fisherfolk, tribals, farmers, and residents came together to protest against a biodiversity survey.

VADHAVAN PORT

  • The Vadhavan port has a natural draft of about 20 metres close to the shore, making it possible for it to handle bigger vessels at the port.”
  • The Vadhavan port will be developed on a “landlord model”.
  • An SPV will be formed with JNPT as the lead partner.

The SPV will develop the port infrastructure, including reclamation, construction of breakwater, and establishing connectivity to the hinterland.

  • All business activities would be undertaken under PPP mode by private developers.
  • The port will be constructed offshore, by reclaiming 567 hectares from the sea in phases.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Amid heavy deployment of police in the village, some of the estimated 1,500 protesters on Wednesday formed a human chain on the Vadhavan beach.
     SOURCES:   IE  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 7th Dec 2020

Japan’s Hayabusa2 mission

      HEADLINES:

What is Japan’s Hayabusa2 mission?

      WHY IN NEWS:

According to the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), this is the first time that a probe has visited a celestial body that is under 100 metres in diameter.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Space

      ISSUE: 

According to the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), this is the first time that a probe has visited a celestial body that is under 100 metres in diameter.

HAYABUSA2 MISSION

  • Six years after Japan’s Hayabusa2 mission was launched, it is set to return back to Earth on December 6.
  • It was carrying with it samples from the one-kilometre wide Ryugu asteroid that orbits the Sun.
  • The mission is similar to NASA’s OSIRIS-REX mission that brought back samples from asteroid Bennu late in October.

WHAT IS THE HAYABUSA2 MISSION?

  • The Hayabusa2 mission was launched in December 2014.
  • The spacecraft was sent on a six-year-long voyage to study the asteroid Ryugu and collect samples that it is now bringing back to the Earth.

The spacecraft arrived at the asteroid in mid-2018 after which it deployed two rovers and a small lander onto the surface.

  • In 2019, the spacecraft fired an impactor into the asteroid’s surface to create an artificial crater with a diametre of a little more than 10 metres,.
  • This allowed it to collect the samples.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

After dropping off the capsule containing the sample, the spacecraft, however, will continue to move further to another asteroid called 1998 KY26 where it will reach by July 2031.

     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 7th Dec 2020

Himachal Pradesh wants GI status for five products

      HEADLINES:

Himachal Pradesh wants GI status for five products, here is why

      WHY IN NEWS:

GIs are also expected to boost or revive the items whose production has declined, as is being aimed in the case of Chamba Chukh and metal crafts.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3: GI Tag : Intellectual Property

      ISSUE: 

WHAT IS A GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION?

The World Intellectual Property Organisation defines a Geographical Indication tag as “a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin”.

  • Chamba metal crafts include items such as metal idols and brass utensils which, historically, were made by skilled artisans in the courts of kings of Chamba.

GIs are typically used for agricultural products, foodstuffs, handicrafts, industrial products, wines and spirit drinks.

EXAMPLE
Darjeeling tea, Kullu shawl, Mysore agarbathi, champagne (France), Swiss watches.

  • Internationally, GIs are covered as an element of intellectual property rights under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
  • They are also covered under the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement.

WHAT IS SPECIAL ABOUT THESE FIVE PRODUCTS FROM HIMACHAL? 

  • KARSOG KULTH : Kulthi or Kulth (horse gram) is a legume grown as a kharif crop in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Kulth grown in the Karsog area of Mandi district is believed to be particularly rich in amino acids.
  • PANGI KI THANGI : It is a type of hazelnut which grows in Pangi valley located in the northwestern edge of Himachal. It is known for its unique flavour and sweetness.
  • CHAMBA METAL CRAFTS : These include items such as metal idols and brass utensils which, historically, were made by skilled artisans in the courts of kings of Chamba.

There are efforts to revive the trade, and a plate made from a brass-like alloy and having carvings of gods and goddesses is still popular.

  • CHAMBA CHUKH : It’s a chutney made from green and red chillies grown in Chamba, and prepared in traditional and unique ways.
  • BHARMOURI RAJMAH : It’s more specifically called the Kugtalu Rajmah, since it grows in the area around Kugti Pass in the Bharmour region of Chamba district.It is rich in proteins and has a unique flavour.

HOW MANY REGISTERED GIS DOES HIMACHAL CURRENTLY HAVE?

  • Eight. These include : Four handicrafts (Kullu Shawl, Chamba Rumal, Kinnauri Shawl and Kangra Paintings).
  • Also,three agricultural products (Kangra Tea, Basmati and Himachali Kala Zeera) and one manufactured product (Himachali Chulli Oil).

Kullu Shawl and Kangra Tea were the first to be registered in 2005-06.

  • Chulli (apricot) oil and kala jeera (cumin), mainly associated with Kinnaur and known for their medicinal properties, were the last to be registered in 2018-19.
  • There are 370 registered GIs in India.

HOW DOES A GI TAG HELP?

  • A GI tag provides a better market for these products and prevents misuse of the name.
  • A GI registration is given to an area, not a trader, but once a product gets the registration, traders dealing in the product can apply for selling it with the GI logo.
  • Authorised traders are each assigned a unique GI number.
  • For example, Kullu shawl has 135 authorised traders.
  • A shawl made in Ludhiana cannot be sold as a Kullu shawl.

If any unauthorised trader, even from Kullu, tries to sell a shawl under the name of Kullu shawl, he or she can be prosecuted under The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

HOW WILL THE HIMACHAL GOVT SEEK GIS FOR THESE PRODUCTS?

  • For the Chamba metal crafts, historical literature can help establish their unique characteristics and reputation.
  • For the other four agricultural products, however, we will have to identify their distinctive genealogical characteristics.
     SOURCES:   IE  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 7th Dec 2020

Hampi chariot can’t be touched

      HEADLINES:

Hampi chariot can’t be touched

      WHY IN NEWS:

ASI puts up barricade to protect the iconic structure

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Culture
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Culture : Temple

      ISSUE: 

Tourists can no longer get too close to the iconic stone chariot in front of the Vijaya Vittala Temple at Hampi, a UNESCO World Heritage site.

VITTALA TEMPLE

  • The Vittala Temple in Hampi is an ancient monument that is well-known for its exceptional architecture and unmatched craftsmanship.
  • It is considered to be one of the largest and the most famous structure in Hampi.
  • The temple is located in the north eastern part of Hampi, near the banks of the Tungabhadra River.

HISTORY

  • The renowned Vittala Temple dates back to the 15th century.
  • It was built during the reign of King Devaraya II (1422 – 1446 A.D.), one of the rulers of the Vijayanagara Empire.

Several portions of the temple were expanded and enhanced during the reign of Krishnadevaraya (1509 – 1529 A.D.).

  • He played a significant role in giving the monument its present look.
  • It is dedicated to Lord Vitthala, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
  • An idol of Vitthala-Vishnu was enshrined in the temple.

ARCHITECTURE

  • The Vittala Temple is presumed to be the grandest of all temples and monuments in Hampi.
  • The temple exemplifies the immense creativity and architectural excellence possessed by the sculptors and artisans of the Vijayanagara era.

The Vittala temple is built in the Dravidian style of architecture.

  • It has traits and features that are characteristic of typical south Indian temple architecture.
  • It is believed that the main shrine of the temple originally had one enclosed Mantapa. An open Mantapa was added to it in the year 1554 A.D.
  • The temple complex is a sprawling area that is surrounded by high compound walls and three towering gateways.
  • The temple complex has many halls, shrines and pavilions located inside it.
  • Each of these structures is made of stone and each structure is a beauty in itself.
  • Notable among these structures are the shrine of the Goddess (also known as Devi shrine).

Maha Mantapa or main hall (also known as Sabha Mantapa or congregation hall) is beautifully carved out in stone.

  • Ranga Mantapa, Kalyana Mantapa (marriage hall), Utsava Mantapa (festival hall), and the famous Stone Chariot are centre of attraction.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The chariot inside the temple complex is a shrine dedicated to Garuda, but the sculpture of Garuda is now missing.

The Hampi chariot is one among the three famous stone chariots in India, the other two being in Konark, Odisha, and Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu. 
 

  • The delicately carved chariot at Hampi, art historians say, reflects skill of temple architecture under the patronage of Vijayanagara rulers who reigned from 14th to 17th century CE.
     SOURCES:  IE  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 7th Dec 2020

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2021

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

0 Shares:
You May Also Like