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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

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Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 5th Dec 2020

Kamath Committee

      HEADLINES:

RBI offers more funds to 26 sectors identified by Kamath Committee

      WHY IN NEWS:

The RBI had announced the TLTRO on Tap scheme on October 9, 2020 which will be available up to March 31, 2021.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: RBI

      ISSUE: 

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to bring the 26 stressed sectors identified by the Kamath Committee within the ambit of sectors eligible under on tap Targeted Long-Term Repo Operations (TLTRO)

TARGETED LONG-TERM REPO OPERATIONS SCHEME

  • The RBI had announced the TLTRO on Tap scheme on October 9, 2020 which will be available up to March 31, 2021.
  • This will provide more liquidity to the slowdown-hit economy.

Under TLTRO, banks can invest in specific sectors through debt instruments like corporate bonds, commercial papers and non-convertible debentures (NCDs) to push the credit flow in the economy.

  • The central bank had brought five sectors announced under the TLTRO scheme on October 21.
  • TLTRO with tenors of up to three years for a total amount of up to Rs 1 lakh crore at a floating rate linked to the policy repo rate.
  • This will add much needed flexibility to enhance the amount and period after a review of the response to the scheme.

AATMANIRBHAR BHARAT PACKAGE 3.0

Under which the corpus of Rs 3 lakh crore of existing ECLGS 1.0 was extended to provide 100 per cent guaranteed collateral free additional credit.

  • 26 stressed sectors identified by the Kamath panel plus health care sector with credit outstanding of above Rs 50 crore and up to Rs 500 crore as on February 29, 2020.
  • Banks are encouraged to synergise the two schemes by availing funds from RBI under on tap TLTRO and seek guarantee under ECLGS 2.0 to provide credit support to stressed sectors.

Liquidity measures have been announced to revive activity and on tap TLTRO has been extended to the stressed sectors identified by the Kamath committee.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The RBI announcement of the extension of on tap TLTRO to stressed sectors is a perfect example of coordinated monetary and fiscal policy coordination.
     SOURCES:  IE  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 5th Dec 2020

Waqf boards

      HEADLINES:

Govt to set up two Waqf boards in J&K, one in Ladakh

      WHY IN NEWS:

  • While Kashmir has so far not had Waqf boards, an Auqaf board was established by Sheikh Abdullah in 1932.
  • The Auqaf board functioned much like a Waqf board and was in charge of looking after Dargahs, shrines.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Governance

      ISSUE: 

Ministry of Minority Affairs has begun the process of digitisation, geo-tagging and GPS mapping of Waqf properties across the country.

WAQF BOARD IN KASHMIR

  • There are 40,000 prime properties in Kashmir which include Dargahs and shrines, community centres etc.
  • These properties are not being utilised to their full potential right now.

Kashmir has never had a Waqf board and this is the first time since Independence that it will have not just one but two.

NEW WAQF BOARDS IN KASHMIR

  • One Waqf Board will be for Shia Muslims and the other for Sunnis.
  • In Kargil, since most Muslims are Shia, Ladakh will have just one Waqf board.
  • While Kashmir has so far not had Waqf boards, an Auqaf board was established by Sheikh Abdullah in 1932.
  • He himself was its first chairperson.
  • The Auqaf board functioned much like a Waqf board and was in charge of looking after Dargahs, shrines and Muslim community-held properties in Kashmir.

AUQAF BOARD

  • This Auqaf board was run by private players and the chairperson and vice chairperson would usually be an academic.

Auqaf held thousands of properties across the state which, apart from the dargahs and shrines, also included hotels, shops and malls. 

  • The Auqaf would also provide interest-free loans to widows and to poor students.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

MISMANAGEMENT

  • There are 6,64,000 registered Waqf properties across the country.

Waqf boards hold the largest number of properties in the country, second only to the Defence sector, and many have been “mishandled”. 

  • They are either encroached upon, are disputed or are being misused.
     SOURCES:   IE  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 5th Dec 2020

Surgery as part of Ayurveda

      HEADLINES:

Surgery as part of Ayurveda

      WHY IN NEWS:

The government has notified compulsory surgical procedures for PG students of Ayurveda.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : 4 : Medicine : Medical Ethics

      ISSUE: 

The notification has invited sharp criticism from the Indian Medical Association, which questioned the competence of Ayurveda practitioners and called the notification an attempt at “mixopathy”.

  • Medical students of Maharashtra Institute of Medical Education and Research’s college at Talegaon display a pledge to resist ‘mixopathy’.
  • The IMA has planned nationwide protests on December 8 against this notification, and has threatened to withdraw all non-essential and non-Covid services on December 11.

HOW FAR IS SURGERY PART OF AYURVEDA?

  • It is not that Ayurveda practitioners are not trained in surgeries, or do not perform them.
  • In fact, they take pride in the fact that their methods and practices trace their origins to Sushruta.

Sushruta Samhita has, apart from descriptions of illnesses and cures, also detailed accounts of surgical procedures and instruments.

BRANCHES OF SURGERY

There are two branches of surgery in Ayurveda:

  • Shalya Tantra, which refers to general surgery
  • Shalakya Tantra which pertains to surgeries related to the eyes, ears, nose, throat and teeth.

All postgraduate students of Ayurveda have to study these courses, and some go on to specialise in these, and become Ayurveda surgeons.

PROCEDURAL SIMILARITIES

  • Several surgeries Ayurvedic procedures almost exactly match those of modern medicine about how or where to make a cut or incision, and how to perform the operation.
  • There are significant divergences in post-operative care, however.

The only thing that ayurvedic doctors do not do is super-speciality surgeries, like neurosurgery.

  • For most other needs, there are surgical procedures in Ayurveda.
  • It is not very different from allopathic medicine.

BACKGROUND

  • Postgraduate education in Ayurveda is guided by the Indian Medical Central Council (Post Graduate Education) Regulations framed from time to time.
  • The latest notification of November 19 is an amendment to the 2016 regulations.

The 2016 regulations allow postgraduate students to specialise in Shalya Tantra, Shalakya Tantra, and Prasuti evam Stree Roga (Obstetrics and Gynecology).

  • The above three disciplines involving major surgical interventions.
  • Students of these three disciplines are granted MS (Master in Surgery in Ayurveda) degrees.
  • Ayurveda practitioners point out that students enrolling in Ayurveda courses have to pass the same NEET (National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test).

COURSE DURATION

  • Their course runs for four-and-a-half years, followed by one year of internship, six months of which are spent at an Ayurveda hospital.
  • The remaining six months at a civil or general hospital, or a primary health care centre.
  • Postgraduate courses require another three years of study.

They also have to undergo clinical postings in the outpatient and In-patient departments at hospitals apart from getting hands-on training in Ayurvedic treatment procedures.

  • Medico-legal issues, surgical ethics and informed consent is also part of the course apart from teaching Sushruta’s surgical principles and practices.

SO, WHAT IS NEW?

  • Ayurveda practitioners say the latest notification just brings clarity to the skills that an Ayurveda practitioner possesses.
  • The surgeries that have been mentioned in the notification are all that are already part of the Ayurveda course.

A patient is usually not clear whether an Ayurvedic practitioner has the necessary skill to perform one of these operations.

  • The notification mentions 58 surgical procedures that postgraduate students must train themselves in, and acquire skills to perform independently.
  • These include procedures in general surgery, urology, surgical gastroenterology, and ophthalmology.

WHAT ARE THE IMA’S OBJECTIONS?

  • IMA doctors insist that they are not opposed to the practitioners of the ancient system of medicine.
  • But they say the new notification somehow gives the impression that the skills or training of the Ayurveda doctor in performing modern surgeries are the same as those practising modern medicine.

IMA termed it misleading and “encroachment into the jurisdiction and competencies of modern medicine”.

  • The fact that Ayurveda institutions prescribe textbooks from modern medicine, or that they carry out surgeries with the help of practitioners of modern medicine, is not reason enough to allow this encroachment.

MIXOPATHY

  • IMA condemned it by saying- “predatory poaching on modern medicine and its surgical disciplines” by CCIM (Central Council of Indian Medicine)

“This is another step to legitimise mixopathy

  • CCIM had claimed that all these modern surgeries are actually Ayurvedic procedures, and have Sanskrit names.
  • All the common procedures in all the surgical specialities have been included in the notification.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The IMA is also upset with  NITI Aayog to set up four committees for integrating the various systems of medicine in medical education, practice, public health, and administration, as well as research.
  • It says such an integration would lead to the death of the modern system of medicine.
  • The IMA has demanded that the notification as well as the NITI Aayog move towards ‘One Nation One System’ be withdrawn.
  • If the government does not accept our demands, IMA will file a petition in the Supreme Court.
SUGGESTED READING : AYURVEDA VS MODERN MEDICINE 
     SOURCES:   IE   | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 5th Dec 2020

 

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