Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

“It is never too late to be what you might have been.” – George Eliot

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

India pledges aid to rebuild Afghanistan

      HEADLINES:

India pledges aid to rebuild Afghanistan, commits to projects worth $80 million

      WHY IN NEWS:

New Delhi also committed to build a new dam, which will provide drinking water to 2 million residents of Kabul.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of External Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR : India-Afghanistan Relations

      ISSUE: 

India announced about 150 projects worth $80 million (about Rs 592 crore) in the conflict-ridden country.

LONG TERM COMMITMENT

  • Signalling long-term commitment to Afghanistan’s future – New Delhi also committed to build a new dam, which will provide drinking water to 2 million residents of Kabul.

Since 2002, India has so far committed $3 billion (about Rs 2,200 crore) towards rebuilding and reconstruction of Afghanistan.

  • While India did not invest in Afghanistan during the Taliban years from 1996 to 2001.
  • The government’s decision now to invest in Afghanistan’s future, where Taliban is set to play a dominant role, is being seen as a major departure from the past.

It signals that India is finally shedding the hesitations of history.

  • New Delhi has had a bitter experience with the Taliban.
  • After the US exiting Afghanistan, South Block is quickly trying to adapt to the changed circumstances and reach out to the Taliban.

NEW PROJECTS

  • Agreement with Afghanistan for building the Shahtoot dam, which would provide safe drinking water to 2 million residents of Kabul city.(Map it)
  • It builds on the 202-km Phul-e-Khumri transmission line of 2009, through which we provided power to the city.
  • India will also launch phase-IV of high-impact community development projects in Afghanistan, which include around 150 projects worth $80 million.

CONCERNS

The increasing level of violence in Afghanistan remains a matter of grave concern.

  • India supports all efforts to bring peace and stability in Afghanistan, India calls for an immediate and comprehensive ceasefire.
  • India also believe that the peace process must be Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan-controlled.

BACKGROUND

  • Large infrastructure projects completed include –218 km road from Delaram to Zaranj (on Iranian border) which provides alternative connectivity for Afghanistan through Iran.

Salma dam; and the Afghan Parliament building which was inaugurated in 2015.

  • More than 65,000 Afghan students have studied in India under various scholarship programmes and 15,000 students are presently studying here;
  • 3,000 scholarships have so far been granted to young Afghan women to pursue higher studies in India.
  • India also provided vocational training to a large number of women in Afghanistan.

RECENT UPDATES

Through Chabahar port, we have provided an alternate connectivity to Afghanistan that has helped transport 75,000 tonnes of wheat during the Covid pandemic.

  • India also has sent more than 20 tonnes of life-saving medicines and other equipment to address the Covid-19 challenge.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • India looks forward to “walk hand in hand with the people of Afghanistan and the world community to work towards a peaceful, prosperous, sovereign, democratic and united Afghanistan”.
SUGGESTED READING : INDIA AFGHANISTAN RELATIONS 
     SOURCES:   IE  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020

Government of India blocks 43 mobile apps

      HEADLINES:

Government of India blocks 43 mobile apps from accessing by users in India

      WHY IN NEWS:

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India issued an order under section 69A of the Information Technology Act blocking access to 43 mobile apps.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Electronics & IT
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Recent Developments : Technology

      ISSUE: 

MEITY issues order for blocking apps under Section 69A of the Information Technology Act

REASONS

This action was taken based on the inputs regarding these apps for engaging in activities which are prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India.

  • Also action was taken against these apps which are threat to defence of India, security of state and public order.
  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has issued the order for blocking the access of these apps by users in India
  • It was based on the comprehensive reports received from Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Center, Ministry of Home Affairs.
SUGGESTED READING : CHINESE APP BAN 

INDIAN CYBERCRIME COORDINATION CENTRE

Indian Cybercrime Coordination Centre aims to :

  • Act as a nodal point in the fight against cybercrime
  • Identify the research problems and take up R&D activities in developing new technologies .

Prevent misuse of cyber space for furthering the cause of extremist and terrorist groups

  • Suggest amendments, if required, in cyber laws to keep pace with fast changing technologies and International cooperation
  • To coordinate all activities related to implementation of Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLAT) with other countries related to cyber crimes.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Earlier on 29th June, 2020 the Government of India had blocked access to 59 mobile apps and on 2nd September, 2020 118 more apps were banned under section 69A of the Information Technology Act.
     SOURCES:  PIB  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020

Joint Trade Committee : India and Myanmar

      HEADLINES:

7th Meeting of the Joint Trade Committee between India and Myanmar

      WHY IN NEWS:

The 7th Joint Trade Committee Meeting between India and Myanmar was held through virtual mode on 24th November 2020.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Commerce & Industry
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      ISSUE: 

INDIA AND MYANMAR : JOINT TRADE COMMITTEE

KEY POINTS

  • Both sides reviewed various bilateral issues ranging from trade, investment, banking, connectivity, capacity building and upgradation of border infrastructure.
  • Both sides reviewed their preparedness to meet the COVID-19 challenges and expanding cooperation in pharma.

India attaches to its partnership with Myanmar in accordance with India’s ‘Neighborhood First’ and ‘Act East’ policies.

  • Both sides acknowledged that mutual benefit exists in collaboration and cooperation amongst oil and gas companies of India and Myanmar.
  • They also reviewed the status of connectivity projects and scaling up the infrastructure at the border for strengthening trade.

The Project Agreement on modern Integrated Check Post (ICP) at Tamu (Phase I) under Indian grant-in-aid that would enhance bilateral connectivity.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Both the countries agreed to work closely for early establishment of border haats for the benefit of the local communities and promote people to people connect.
     SOURCES:    PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020

U.P. Unlawful Religious Conversion Prohibition Ordinance, 2020

      HEADLINES:

U.P. Unlawful Religious Conversion Prohibition Ordinance, 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

The U.P. Unlawful Religious Conversion Prohibition Ordinance, 2020 was cleared by the Cabinet promised to bring an “effective law” against “love jihad”, a legally unrecognised term.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 2 : Social Justice : Bills

      ISSUE: 

Jail term, fine for ‘unlawful’ religious conversions in U.P.State government passes ordinance outlining strict action

U.P. UNLAWFUL RELIGIOUS CONVERSION PROHIBITION ORDINANCE, 2020

  • The ordinance makes religious conversion a non-bailable offence inviting penalties up to 10 years in prison.

OFFENSE
If found to be effected for marriage or through misrepresentation, force, undue influence, coercion, allurement or other allegedly fraudulent means.

  • Violation of the provisions of the law would invite a jail term of not less than one year extendable to five years with a fine of ₹15,000.
  • If a minor woman or a woman from the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribes communities was converted, the jail term would be a minimum of three years.
  • This could be extended to 10 years with a fine of ₹25,000.
ALSO READ : INTERFAITH MARRIAGES 

MASS CONVERSIONS

The ordinance also lays down strict action, including cancellation of registration of social organisations conducting mass conversions.

  • Mass conversions would invite a jail term of not less than three years up to 10 years and a fine of ₹50,000.
  • In case of conversion done by a woman for the sole purpose of marriage, the marriage would be declared null and void.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The ordinance further said that the burden to prove that a conversion was not done through misrepresentation would be on the person converting or those who facilitated it.

  • A person seeking to convert to another to another religion for marriage would have to inform the district magistrate two months prior to it through a prescribed form.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020

Poshan Abhiyaan needs a boost

      HEADLINES:

Poshan Abhiyaan needs a boost: study

      WHY IN NEWS:

NITI Aayog report suggests accelerated actions on multiple fronts to meet targets

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Malnutrition

      ISSUE: 

Poshan Abhiyaan must be stepped up to meet the targets set by the Centre to reduce stunting, wasting and anaemia by 2022-NITI Aayog.

Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020

SOURCES : THE HINDU

  • The National Nutrition Mission or the Poshan Abhiyaan, the world’s largest nutrition programme for children and mothers.

HEALTH SURVEY

  • The flagship programme to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers was launched in 2018 .
  • The programme with specific targets was to be achieved by 2022.

It aims to reduce stunting and wasting by 2% a year (total 6% until 2022) among children and anaemia by 3% a year (total 9%) among children, adolescent girls and pregnant women and lactating mothers.

  • More than a third of the children under five face stunting and wasting and 40% aged between one and four are anaemic.
  • Over 50% of pregnant and other women were found to be anaemic-National Family Health Survey2016.
  • We need to now accelerate actions on multiple fronts.

POSHAN-PLUS STRATEGY

  • The report calls for a need to lay as much emphasis on complementary feeding as it does on breastfeeding, which it points out can help avert 60% of the total stunting cases in India.
  • On stunting, the review says that India’s targets are conservative as compared to the global target defined by the World Health Assembly (WHA).

There is a prevalence rate of 5% of stunting as opposed to India’s goal of reducing stunting levels to 13.3% by 2022.

  • The target of reducing prevalence levels of anaemia among pregnant women from 50.3% in 2016 to 34.4% in 2022.
  • Among adolescent girls from 52.9% in 2016 to 39.66%, is also considered conservative.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Experts warn that deepening poverty and hunger may delay achieving the goals defined under the Nutrition Mission.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020

Govt. to track vaccine reactions

      HEADLINES:

Govt. to track vaccine reactions

      WHY IN NEWS:

Neurologists and cardiologists will be part of the monitoring committees

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

The Health Ministry has written to the State governments and the Union Territory administrations to put in place a robust system for the reporting once Vaccine is rolled out

  • Also, gathering of information on the side effects of COVID-19 vaccines once they are rolled out.
  • The Ministry has identified initiatives to strengthen the reporting of Adverse Events Following Immunisation (AEFI).

ADVERSE EVENTS FOLLOWING IMMUNIZATION (AEFI)

  • As vaccine-preventable infectious diseases continue to decline, people are concerned about the risks associated with vaccines.
  • Technological advances and knowledge about vaccines have led to investigations focused on the safety of existing vaccines.

KEY POINTS

  • There is no such thing as a “perfect” vaccine which protects everyone who receives it AND is entirely safe for everyone.
  • Effective vaccines may produce some undesirable side effects which are mostly mild and clear up quickly.

The majority of events thought to be related to the administration of a vaccine are actually not due to the vaccine itself – many are due to human, or programme, error.

  • It is not possible to predict every individual who might have a mild or serious reaction to a vaccine.
  • Although there are a few contraindications to some vaccines.
  • By following contraindications the risk of serious adverse effects can be minimized.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Membership of State AEFI committees should be revised to include neurologists, cardiologists, respiratory medicine specialists .
  • Similarly, direction may be issued to districts to include medical specialists (neurologists and cardiologists) in district AEFI committees.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2021

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

0 Shares:
You May Also Like