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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

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Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 16th Jan 2020

World’s largest vaccination programme begins today


World’s largest vaccination programme begins today

      WHY IN NEWS:

PM to launch drive; more than 3 lakh to get jab on first day

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases


The world’s largest vaccination programme will begin at a total of 3,006 session sites across all the States and the Union Territories, which will be connected virtually throughout the exercise.

  • Nearly 100 beneficiaries will receive the vaccine at each of the session sites on Saturday.


  • A dedicated 24×7 call centre — 1075 — has been set up to address queries related to the pandemic and the vaccine roll-out.
  • Adequate doses of both the vaccines — Covishield and Covaxin — had been delivered across the country.
  • He reviewed the functioning of the CoWIN system, the online digital platform that will be used to drive the vaccination programme.
  • Healthcare workers, both in the government and private sectors, including Integrated Child Development Services workers, will receive the vaccine in the first phase.

Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 16th Dec 2020


      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The vaccination drive, where the beneficiaries currently will not have a choice between the two vaccines, has been planned in a phased manner after identifying the priority groups.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 16th Jan 2020

Nepal raises Kalapani boundary issue


Nepal raises Kalapani boundary issue with India

      WHY IN NEWS:

Foreign Minister attends Joint Commission meeting



Nepal has raised the Kalapani boundary dispute with India during the Joint Commission meeting.


  • The demarcation and mapping of the boundary actually started since 1981.
  • At that time, a Joint Technical Committee was founded which had tenure till 2007.
  • It produced 182 strip maps which depicts the border…
  • For various reasons [work on] two segments — Susta and Kalapani — were not completed.
  • If we talk of the overall boundary between Nepal and India, it is a smaller segment.

The issue erupted in November 2019 prompting Nepal to unveil a new political map that showed the Kalapani-Lipulekh-Limpiyadhura region of Pithoragarh district as part of the country’s sovereign territory

  • In contrast, a statement issued by the Ministry of External Affairs said “border management” was part of the discussion.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The statement from Nepal said that both the teams “discussed the review of the Peace and Friendship Treaty of 1950”.
  • It is understood that the review has been recommended by the Eminent Persons Group (EPG) constituted by Mr. Modi and Mr. Oli in 2016.
  • The EPG report, which has been completed, is yet to be submitted to the Indian Prime Minister.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 16th Jan 2020

Trade with China


Trade with China shrank in 2020, deficit at five-year low

      WHY IN NEWS:

India’s trade with China declined last year to the lowest level since 2017, with the trade deficit narrowing to a five-year low as the country imported far fewer goods from its northern neighbour.



India’s exports to China, however, jumped 16% to a record high of $20.86 billion as Asia’s largest economy consumed more iron ore


  • Bilateral trade slid 5.6% to $87.6 billion, according to new figures from China’s General Administration of Customs (GAC).
  • India’s imports from China shrank by 10.8% to $66.7 billion, marking the lowest level of inbound shipments since 2016.
  • India’s exports to China, however, jumped 16%, crossing the $20 billion-mark for the first time to a record high of $20.86 billion.
  • The trade deficit, a source of friction in bilateral ties, shrank to $45.8 billion, the lowest level since 2015.

India’s biggest import in 2019 was electrical machinery and equipment, worth $20.17 billion

  • Other major imports in 2019 were organic chemicals ($8.39 billion) and fertilisers ($1.67 billion).
  • While India’s top exports that year were iron ore, organic chemicals, cotton and unfinished diamonds.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The last 12 months saw a surge in demand for iron ore in China, as a slew of new infrastructure projects aimed at reviving growth after the COVID-19 slump lifted consumption of steel.
  • Total iron ore imports in Asia’s largest economy rose 9.5% in 2020.
  • The drop in India’s imports from China largely mirrored a decline in overall inbound shipments last year as domestic demand slumped in the wake of the pandemic.

     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 16th Jan 2020


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