Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

“When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be.” – Lao Tzu

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 15th Dec 2020

National Energy Conservation Day

      HEADLINES:

National Energy Conservation Day

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Power
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Awards : Energy

      ISSUE: 

NATIONAL ENERGY CONSERVATION DAY

  • The National Energy Conservation Day is being celebrated every year on December 14 since 1991.
  • The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under Ministry of Power spearheads the celebrations every year.

OBJECTIVE

The objective to celebrate the National Energy Conservation Day is to drive mass awareness about the importance of energy efficiency and conservation.

Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 15th Dec 2020

ACTIVITIES TAKEN UP

  • BEE recognizes and encourages endeavours of industries in reducing energy consumption by felicitating them with National Energy Conservation Awards.
  • BEE also awards prizes to the national winners of the annual National Painting Competition on Energy Conservation.

NATIONAL ENERGY CONSERVATION AWARDS

  • The annual energy conservation awards recognize innovation and achievements in energy conservation.
  • The award is given to the industries, buildings, zonal railways, state designated agencies.

Energy conservation plays a big part in India’s response to reducing global warming through energy savings.

  • The awards are also recognition of their demonstrated commitment to energy conservation and efficiency.
  • The scheme has motivated industry and other establishment to adopt energy efficiency measures.

Electrical energy savings is calculated in terms of equivalent avoided capacity (mw) per year by the participating units through implementation of energy saving projects.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The Ministry of Power has launched the National Awareness Campaign in order to promote energy conservation in the country.
  • Painting competition for students at the School, State and at National level has been included as one of the activities of the campaign.
SUGGESTED READING : BEE 
     SOURCES:   PIB  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 15th Dec 2020

Exoplanet HD106906 b

      HEADLINES:

In weird planet 336 light-years away, clues about our own Planet Nine

      WHY IN NEWS:

Like the presumed Planet Nine in our Solar System, newly described exoplanet orbits its star from a great distance, at an extreme tilt, and influences the behaviour of various objects in its system.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Space

      ISSUE: 

A strange exoplanet, orbiting a double-star 336 light years away, has caught the interest of astronomers.

EXOPLANET HD106906 b

  • HD106906 b and its behaviour have been described in a study published in The Astronomical Journal on December 10.

HD106906 b is not a new discovery: It appears in archival images taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2004.

  • Although it has not been found yet, it has been predicted by a series of studies over the last few years, and has been described by astronomers as “hiding in plain sight”.
  • If it exists, Planet Nine is 10 times as massive as Earth.

WHY IS PLANET NINE BELIEVED TO EXIST?

  • Astronomers believe all this is happening under the influence of Planet Nine.
  • In the outer reaches of the Solar System, beyond Neptune, there is a region called the Kuiper belt, populated by icy debris.

Then in 2018, astronomers reported the peculiar behaviour of another object in the Solar System, called 2015 BP519.

  • The object orbits our Sun — but at an extreme tilt (54°) when compared to the orbits of Earth and the other seven planets.
  • Simulations showed that the influence of Planet Nine (if it exists) would explain this tilt. Without Planet Nine, the tilt would be unexplained.

NEW EXOPLANET VS PLANET NINE?

  • Both planets (assuming Planet Nine is real) reside far out in their respective stellar systems. Both orbit their respective stars at an extreme tilt.

While Planet Nine is assumed to be 10 times as massive as Earth, HD106906 b is 11 times the mass of Jupiter.

  • HD106906 b is unusually far away from its pair of host stars — over 730 times the distance that earth is from the sun.
  • That makes its orbit extremely long — 15,000 years. Its binary star is relatively young at 15 million years, compared to our Sun which is 4.6 billion years old.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The planet formed close to the binary star, then kicked out because of gravitational interactions with the star.
  • This stirred up the objects in the debris disc, and disturbed its symmetry with the comet ring.

Today, it orbits its star at an eccentricity of 21° compared to the rest of the planetary system.

  • But when the planet was kicked out, it should normally have been sent out of the system altogether, and become a rouge planet. But it still orbits the star, from far away.
     SOURCES:   IE  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 15th Dec 2020

India Water Impact 2020

      HEADLINES:

India water impact 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Water Management

      ISSUE: 

INDIA WATER IMPACT 2020

India Water Impact Summit continues with many more experts from India and abroad sharing their insights on the topic of conservation and development.

  • India Water Impact 2020 is a five-day long summit.

It will be hosting experts and academicians from all over the world to discuss and debate issues related to water conservation, water security and river rejuvenation.

  • The event is co-organised by National Mission for Clean Ganga and Centre for Ganga River Basin Management and Studies.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • During the event, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research signed MOU with cGanga (think-tank of NMCG) for development of sludge management framework in India.
     SOURCES:   PIB  | Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 15th Dec 2020

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