Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF) 2.0 _ UPSC

Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF) 2.0 | UPSC


CSCAF to provide Roadmap for cities towards Combating Climate Change while planning / implementing their actions including investments

      WHY IN NEWS:

CSCAF 2.0 was released.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Infrastructure : Smart Cities


For PRELIMS go with the framework and understand the significance of building a resilient infrastructure for a smart city. STREET FOR PEOPLE CHALLENGE can be asked ! Keep an eye on this snippet .

For MAINS go through all the 28 major points in this framework . These are important to modify your answers relevant to urban development and smart cities .





The CSCAF 2.0 has been revised based on the experience of phase 1 implementation and feedback received from cities.

  • Improved indicators with feedback from cities and thematic experts
  • Simplified for easy understanding Alignment with Swach Survekshan
  • Ease of Living
  • Standard evidence templates and data input templates to support in data collection
  • Centralized portal for data entry with dashboard to view real time updates

The ClimateSmart Cities Assessment Framework is a first-of-its-kind assessment framework on climate relevant parameters.


  • CSCAF 1.0 was launched in 2019 by MoHUA.

The objective is to provide a clear roadmap for Indian cities towards combating climate change while planning their actions within the city including investments.


  • National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) has associated with  over 100 cities and has closely worked with over 25 cities in climate related project implementation and technical assistance.
  • NIUA with support from the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has established the Climate Centre for Cities.


  • In the last decade, an increasing frequency of cyclones, floods, heat waves, water scarcity and drought-like conditions have had adverse impacts on many of our cities.
  • Such extreme events and risks cause loss of life as well as impact the economic growth.

CSCAF initiative intends to inculcate Climate-Sensitive Approach to Urban Planning and Development.

  • ​This assessment framework was developed after review of existing frameworks and assessment approaches adopted throughout the world.
  • This is followed by series of extensive consultative process with more than 26 organizations and 60 experts from different thematic areas.


The framework has 28 indicators across five categories namely;

(i) Energy and Green Buildings

(ii) Urban Planning, Green Cover & Biodiversity

(iii) Mobility and Air Quality

(iv) Water Management and

(v) Waste Management.


  • Streets for people challenge to support cities to develop unified vision of streets in consultation with stakeholders.

​Aims to inspire cities to create walking-friendly/ vibrant streets through quick, innovative/ low-cost measures.

  • All participating cities to be encouraged to use ‘test-learn-scale’ approach to initiate both, flagship and neighbourhood walking interventions.
  • Re-creating pedestrian-friendly streets in high footfall areas, re-imagining under-flyover spaces, re-vitalizing dead neighbourhood spaces, and creating walking links through parks and institutional areas.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • ​The Streets for People Challenge is the response to the need for making our cities more walkable and pedestrian friendly.
  • The Challenge will support cities across the country to develop a unified vision of streets for people in consultation with stakeholders and citizens.

Adopting a participatory approach, cities will be guided to launch their own design competitions to gather innovative ideas from professionals for quick, innovative, and low-cost tactical solutions.

  • The challenge shall be encouraged to use the ‘test-learn-scale’ approach to initiate both, flagship and neighbourhood walking interventions.
  • Fit India Mission, under Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, along with the India program of the Institute for Transport Development and Policy (ITDP) have partnered with the Smart Cities Mission to support the challenge.
SUGGESTED READING : PDF on Climate Smart Cities 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF) 2.0


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