Central Vista Project | UPSC

Central Vista Project | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Central vista Project

      WHY IN NEWS:

The bid to remake the face of the capital

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Parliament

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to open to revise the history once (Architecture , Geographical importance and strategic significance of Delhi ) . In this article we have covered the plan and venue of our New Temple of democracy.

For MAINS keep an eye on the controversy though it is not important . Compare New Delhi and Panipat area on a map .

      ISSUE: 

The government has set in motion a plan to redevelop the administrative centre, which can cost thousands of crores

THE CENTRAL VISTA

  • Spread over 64,500 sq. ft of built-up area, the new Parliament building will have Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha chambers.

The new Parliament will also have a Central Constitutional Gallery that will be open to the public. 

  • The construction is expected to take 22 months.
  • It is scheduled to finish in time for the Winter Session of Parliament in 2022, when India marks 75 years of Independence

THE PLAN

  • The plan also includes building new Secretariat buildings, a Prime Minister’s Office, PM’s Residence and Vice-President’s Enclave

On December 10, the ambitious plan to redevelop the Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate known as the Central Vista was announced.

  • The plan, as drafted by Ahmedabad-based HCP Design, Planning and Management.
  • The plan involves constructing a triangular shaped Parliament building adjacent to the existing one that was built in the 1920s by the British.
  • The plan will be demolishing the post-Independence office buildings along the Central Vista.

Demolished buildings will be replaced with 10 modern multi-storey office complexes to house all Ministries.

  • This will also revamp the civic infrastructure and facilities for the Republic Day parade on Rajpath.

THE NEED FOR THE PROJECT

The existing Parliament House is almost 100 years old, structurally unsafe, and lacks adequate workspace for a modern legislature.

  • Similarly, the 10 new office buildings proposed are required to bring all Central Ministries in one place, making the functioning of the government more efficient.

Central Vista Project | UPSC

SOURCES : INDIA LEGAL | Central Vista Project | UPSC

SPACE FOR MORE MPS

  • Another reason touted by the government is the expected increase in number of constituencies after delimitation.
  • The number of seats are frozen till the first Census after 2026, which will be in 2031.
  • The Parliament House now would not be able to accommodate additional MPs.
  • The design of the new building will also reflect that, with the national emblem crowning the structure.

The national bird, peacock, and the national flower, lotus, providing inspiration for the interiors of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha chambers, respectively. 

  • Arts and crafts from across the country will be represented.

OTHER FEATURES

  • The proposed Parliament building will be the first purpose-designed building for the Parliament of India.
  • Presently, Parliament is accommodated in a building that was built as the council house for the Raj.
  • The new building will have a Lok Sabha chamber with the capacity to seat 1,272 and a Rajya Sabha chamber with 384 seats.
  • It will also have a Central Constitutional Gallery that will be open to the public.

Offices for all MPs will be built after demolishing the existing Shram Shakti Bhawan and connected to Parliament via an underground pathway.
 

  • The project was awarded to Tata Projects for ₹971 crore after a two-step bid process earlier this year.
  • The construction is expected to take 22 months and is scheduled to finish in time for the Winter Session of Parliament in 2022, when India marks 75 years of Independence.

CONCERNS

  • Critics of the project have questioned the timing, given that the economy is still reeling under the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Congress president was among those who urged the government to suspend the project and reallocate the funds to healthcare needs.
  • Mr. Puri has responded by saying the project will lead to employment generation and an increase in economic activity.

Another concern raised by environmentalists has been the quick process of approvals and cutting of trees, some of which are 80 to 90 years old.

  • Recently, the Delhi Forest Department issued a notice to CPWD, which is carrying out the project, for violating the conditions of the approval to cut trees.
  • In response to the questions raised and the Supreme Court’s decision not to allow construction for now.

STAUNCH REACTIONS

  • Activists, environmentalists, architects and Opposition leaders have questioned the need for the project.

The processes for obtaining approvals for it and the costs involved.

  • The construction will only start after the Supreme Court disposes of all challenges to the project that are pending before it.
  • The Supreme Court on December 7 allowed the government to go ahead with the foundation stone ceremony.
  • The Centre gave an affidavit, saying there would be no construction, demolition and cutting of trees till the court gives its rulings in the cases.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

PREPARATORY WORKS

  • While the CPWD waits for the court’s nod, preparatory works have been on for months.
  • The iconic statue of Mahatma Gandhi facing the entrance of Parliament is being shifted to make way for sound-proofing walls.

The design and construction of a new Prime Minister’s Office, PM’s Residence and Vice-President’s Enclave is still in progress.

  • These buildings are expected to be located near South and North Blocks, on land that is currently housing defence offices in temporary structures called hutments.
  • The process of relocating the defence personnel is on, with new buildings being constructed outside the Vista.
  • The government is yet to publicly state the cost of the entire project.
  • However it is estimated that it would could cost at least ₹11,000 crore and take up to six years to complete.
  • While it may not be clear yet how much of a dent the project will make on the exchequer, once it is completed, the skyline of Lutyens’ Delhi will be changed forever.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | Central Vista Project | UPSC

 

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