Central Vista Project | UPSC
Central vista Project
WHY IN NEWS:
The bid to remake the face of the capital
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Parliament
For PRELIMS it is important to open to revise the history once (Architecture , Geographical importance and strategic significance of Delhi ) . In this article we have covered the plan and venue of our New Temple of democracy.
For MAINS keep an eye on the controversy though it is not important . Compare New Delhi and Panipat area on a map .
THE CENTRAL VISTA
- Spread over 64,500 sq. ft of built-up area, the new Parliament building will have Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha chambers.
- The construction is expected to take 22 months.
- It is scheduled to finish in time for the Winter Session of Parliament in 2022, when India marks 75 years of Independence
- The plan also includes building new Secretariat buildings, a Prime Minister’s Office, PM’s Residence and Vice-President’s Enclave
- The plan, as drafted by Ahmedabad-based HCP Design, Planning and Management.
- The plan involves constructing a triangular shaped Parliament building adjacent to the existing one that was built in the 1920s by the British.
- The plan will be demolishing the post-Independence office buildings along the Central Vista.
- This will also revamp the civic infrastructure and facilities for the Republic Day parade on Rajpath.
THE NEED FOR THE PROJECT
- Similarly, the 10 new office buildings proposed are required to bring all Central Ministries in one place, making the functioning of the government more efficient.
SOURCES : INDIA LEGAL | Central Vista Project | UPSC
SPACE FOR MORE MPS
- Another reason touted by the government is the expected increase in number of constituencies after delimitation.
- The number of seats are frozen till the first Census after 2026, which will be in 2031.
- The Parliament House now would not be able to accommodate additional MPs.
- The design of the new building will also reflect that, with the national emblem crowning the structure.
- Arts and crafts from across the country will be represented.
- The proposed Parliament building will be the first purpose-designed building for the Parliament of India.
- Presently, Parliament is accommodated in a building that was built as the council house for the Raj.
- The new building will have a Lok Sabha chamber with the capacity to seat 1,272 and a Rajya Sabha chamber with 384 seats.
- It will also have a Central Constitutional Gallery that will be open to the public.
- The project was awarded to Tata Projects for ₹971 crore after a two-step bid process earlier this year.
- The construction is expected to take 22 months and is scheduled to finish in time for the Winter Session of Parliament in 2022, when India marks 75 years of Independence.
- Critics of the project have questioned the timing, given that the economy is still reeling under the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Congress president was among those who urged the government to suspend the project and reallocate the funds to healthcare needs.
- Mr. Puri has responded by saying the project will lead to employment generation and an increase in economic activity.
- Recently, the Delhi Forest Department issued a notice to CPWD, which is carrying out the project, for violating the conditions of the approval to cut trees.
- In response to the questions raised and the Supreme Court’s decision not to allow construction for now.
- Activists, environmentalists, architects and Opposition leaders have questioned the need for the project.
- The construction will only start after the Supreme Court disposes of all challenges to the project that are pending before it.
- The Supreme Court on December 7 allowed the government to go ahead with the foundation stone ceremony.
- The Centre gave an affidavit, saying there would be no construction, demolition and cutting of trees till the court gives its rulings in the cases.
- While the CPWD waits for the court’s nod, preparatory works have been on for months.
- The iconic statue of Mahatma Gandhi facing the entrance of Parliament is being shifted to make way for sound-proofing walls.
- These buildings are expected to be located near South and North Blocks, on land that is currently housing defence offices in temporary structures called hutments.
- The process of relocating the defence personnel is on, with new buildings being constructed outside the Vista.
- The government is yet to publicly state the cost of the entire project.
- However it is estimated that it would could cost at least ₹11,000 crore and take up to six years to complete.
- While it may not be clear yet how much of a dent the project will make on the exchequer, once it is completed, the skyline of Lutyens’ Delhi will be changed forever.
SOURCES: THE HINDU | Central Vista Project | UPSC