ASER Report 2020 UPSC

ASER Report 2020 | UPSC


ASER survey: In Covid year, more kids in govt schools, many not enrolled

      WHY IN NEWS:

While changes in school enrollment can only be accurately measured once schools reopen and children return to their classrooms.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Education : Reports


For PRELIMS understand the key parameters on which the report is built . Do not forget the publishers .

For MAINS compare the data with the previous year and note down the conclusion in your own words . Let us dive in !


ASER 2020 shows that 5.5 per cent children are not currently enrolled for the 2020-21 school year, up from 4 per cent in 2018.


Annual Status of Education Report 2020


This is an annual survey published by education non-profit organisation -Pratham .


The report aims to provide reliable estimates of children’s enrolment and basic learning levels for each district and state in India

  • ASER 2020 was conducted in 26 states and four Union Territories.
  • A total of 52,227 households and 59,251 children in the 5-16 age group were surveyed.
  • The phone-based survey was done in September, the sixth month of national school closures.


  • Every year from 2005 to 2014, the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) report has provided district, state, and national estimates of the status of children’s schooling.
  • Children in the age group 3 to 16 were surveyed to find out their enrollment status in pre-school or school.

Children in the age group 5 to 16 were assessed one-on-one to understand their basic reading and arithmetic abilities.

  • ASER focuses on a different aspect of children’s schooling and learning.
  • In 2017, ASER ‘Beyond Basics’ focused on the abilities, activities, awareness, and aspirations of youth in the 14 to 18 age group across 28 districts in the country.
  • In 2019, ASER ‘Early Years‘ reported on young children’s (age 4 to 8) pre-school and school enrolment status and their abilities on a range of important developmental indicators across 26 districts in the country.
  • The COVID-19 crisis interrupted this alternate-year calendar, making it impossible to conduct the nationwide ‘basic’ ASER that was due to be repeated in 2020.


  • CHILDREN’S ENROLLMENT : Explores patterns of enrolment and dropout among 6-16 year olds in rural India.
  • CHILDREN NOT CURRENTLY ENROLLED : Examines which children are currently not enrolled in school and the reasons behind this.
  • HOUSEHOLD RESOURCES : Explores whether households have key resources that can help support children’s education.

These include parents’ own education levels; access to technology such as TV and smartphones; and availability of textbooks.

  • LEARNING SUPPORT AT HOME : Examines whether and how households support children during school closures.
  • ACCESS TO LEARNING MATERIALS : Reports whether families received learning materials or activities from schools, and the mediums through which they accessed these.

ASER Report 2020 | UPSC

  • CHILDREN’S ENGAGEMENT WITH ACTIVITIES : Analyses the extent to which children actually engaged with different kinds of materials and activities received from any source; as well as the nature of contact between families and schools during the lockdown.
  • SCHOOL SURVEY : Explores teachers’ preparation for and implementation of remote teaching-learning activities with their students.


  • It shows a shift in enrollment from private to government schools69.55 per cent children in the 6-14 age group are enrolled in government schools, up from 66.42 per cent in 2018.

Reasons may include financial distress in households and/or permanent school shutdowns among the private schools.

  • It’s a shift that’s visible across grades and among both girls and boys .
  • The survey shows the proportion of boys enrolled in government schools has risen from 62.8 per cent in 2018 to 66.4 per cent in 2020.

ASER Report 2020 | UPSC


  • While for girls, that number has gone up from 70 per cent to 73 per cent in the corresponding period.
  • ASER 2020 shows that 5.5 per cent children are not currently enrolled for the 2020-21 school year.
  • This difference is the sharpest among the youngest children (ages 6 to 10), possibly because they have not yet secured admission to school.


  • Yet, in an academic year when learning has shifted almost entirely to online platforms, have penetrated deeply.

Among enrolled children, 61.8 per cent live in families that own at least one smartphone.

  • This is a big jump from two years ago, when merely 36.5 per cent children lived in families with at least one smartphone.

ASER Report 2020 | UPSC IASbhai

SOURCES : ASER 2020 report  


  • Most children (70.2 per cent) said they did some form of learning activity that week through material shared by tutors or family members themselves.
  • Overall, approximately one third of all enrolled children received some kind of learning materials or activities from their teachers during the reference week


  • Almost 75 per cent of children said they received some form of learning support from family members, with older siblings playing a key role.

54.8 per cent of children whose parents had completed Class 5 or less received some form of family support, as compared to 89.4 per cent of children whose parents had studied beyond Class 9.

  • Similarly, children in lower grades get more family support than in higher ones.

ASER Report



  • More educated parents had greater contact with school teachers, as well as a lower proportion of children who did not do any activity in the reference week.

This suggests that children whose parents could offer support at home were also those who got more support from school.

  • More than half of all mothers (53.1%) and an even higher proportion of fathers (70.8%) have completed more than 5 years of school.

ASER Report 2020 | UPSC

SOURCES : ASER Report 2020 | UPSC

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • In a year marred by Covid-19, deep economic distress and uncertainty over school-reopenings.
  • The latest Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) underlines there are more children in government schools than two years ago.
  • Also there is a significant number of them are not enrolled in the current academic year.
     SOURCES:THE IE | ASER Report 2020 | UPSC



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