Anti Radiation Missile (RUDRAM) | UPSC
DRDO successfully flight tests Indigenously Developed Anti Radiation Missile (RUDRAM)
WHY IN NEWS:
New generation Anti Radiation Missile (RUDRAM) was successfully Flight tested.The missile was launched from SU-30 MKI fighter aircraft.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Defence
For PRELIMS go through every specification , take a note of passive home head .
For MAINS nothing much here .
- The Sanskrit name Rudram was given in keeping with tradition, because it includes the letters ARM (the acronym for anti-radiation missile).
- The word in Sanskrit describes a “remover of sorrows” (one of its meanings).
- Rudram is an air-to-surface missile.
- Officials said DRDO initiated development of anti-radiation missiles of this type around eight years ago.
- Its integration with fighter jets has been a collaborative effort of various DRDO facilities and formations of the IAF and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.
- While the system has been tested from a Sukhoi-30 MKI, it can be adapted for launch from other fighter jets too.
WHAT IS AN ANTI-RADIATION MISSILE?
Such a missile’s navigation mechanism comprises:
- An inertial navigation system
- A computerised mechanism that uses changes in the object’s own position
- The missile is coupled with GPS, which is satellite-based.
- The RUDRAM is first indigenous anti-radiation missile of the country for Indian Air Force (IAF).
- The missile is integrated on SU-30 MKI fighter aircraft as the launch platform, having capability of varying ranges based on launch conditions.
- The RUDRAM hit the radiation target with pin-point accuracy.
- The Passive Homing Head can detect, classify and engage targets over a wide band of frequencies as programmed.
- The missile is a potent weapon for IAF for Suppression of Enemy Air Defence effectively from large stand-off ranges.
PASSIVE HOMING HEAD
- The missile can be programmed over a wide band of frequencies .
- Rudram missile locks on the target, it is capable of striking accurately even if the radiation source switches off in between.
RANGE AND SPEED
- It hit the radiation target with pinpoint accuracy.
- The missile has an operational range of more than 100 km, based on the launch parameters from the fighter jet.
- Rudram has been developed for the IAF’s requirement to enhance its Suppression of Enemy Air Defence (SEAD) capability.
- SEAD tactics, anti-radiation missiles are used mainly in the initial part of air conflict to strike at the air defence assets of the enemy.
- Neutralising or disrupting the operations of the adversary’s early warning radars, command and control systems.
- Using SEAD , surveillance systems can be blocked that use radio frequencies and give inputs for anti-aircraft weaponry, can be very crucial.
- Because the missiles are to be carried and launched from extremely complex and sensitive fighter jets, the development was full of challenges.
- Such as development of radiation seeker technologies and guidance systems, besides integration with the fighter jet, said a DRDO scientist.
- Scientists said modern-day warfare is more and more network-centric.
- It means it comprises elaborate detection, surveillance and communication systems that are integrated with the weapons systems.
SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Anti Radiation Missile (RUDRAM) | UPSC