All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 Report | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Union Education Minister approves release of Report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20

      WHY IN NEWS:

Report reflects the continuous emphasis given by the government on Higher Education

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Education
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Reports

      ISSUE: 

ALL INDIA SURVEY ON HIGHER EDUCATION (AISHE) 2019-20

  • All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) was initiated in 2011 during which data for the year 2010-11 was collected.

  • Institutions are categorized in 3 broad Categories; University, College and Stand-Alone Institutions.
  • There are 1043 Universities, 42343 Colleges and 11779 Stand Alone Institutions listed on AISHE web portal and out of them 1019 Universities, 39955 Colleges and 9599 Stand-alone Institutions have responded during the survey.
  • 307 Universities are affiliating i.e. having Colleges.

KEY POINTS

  • Student enrolment grows by 11.4% from 2015-16 to 2019-20
  • 18.2% increase in female enrolment in Higher Education from 2015-16 to 2019-20

  • 60.56% Colleges are located in Rural Area.
  • 10.75% Colleges are exclusively for Girls.
  • There are 32.6% Colleges, which run only single programme, out of which 84.1% are privately managed. Among these, 37.4% colleges run B.Ed. Courses only.

All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 Report | UPSC

SOURCES : AISHE

KEY FEATURES OF ALL INDIA SURVEY ON HIGHER EDUCATION REPORT 2019-20

1. Total Enrolment in Higher Education stands at 3.85 crore in 2019-20 as compared to 3.74 crore in 2018-19, registering a growth of 11.36 lakh (3.04 %). Total enrolment was 3.42 crore in 2014-15.

All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 Report | UPSC

SOURCES : AISHE

2. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER), the percentage of students belonging to the eligible age group enrolled in Higher Education, in 2019-20 is 27.1% against 26.3% in 2018-19 and 24.3% in 2014-2015.

3. Gender Parity Index (GPI) in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19 indicating an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of eligible age group compared to males.

4. Pupil Teacher Ratio in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 26.In 2019-20: Universities: 1,043(2%); Colleges: 42,343(77%) and stand-alone institutions: 11,779(21%).

5.8 crore Students enrolled in programmes at under-graduate and post-graduate level.  Out of these, nearly 85% of the students (2.85 crore) were enrolled in the six major disciplines such as Humanities, Science, Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Medical Science and IT & Computer.

6. The number of students pursuing PhD in 2019-20 is 2.03 lakh against 1.17 lakh in 2014-15.

7. The Total Number of Teachers stands at 15,03,156 comprising of 57.5% male and 42.5% female.

All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 Report | UPSC

SOURCES : AISHE

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The continuous rise in the enrolment, number of institutions, gender parity is a part of our country’s major move towards improving access, equity and quality in light of National Education Policy 2020.

SUGGESTED READING :  CLICK BELOW TO SEE THE REPORT

     SOURCES:  PIB | All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 Report | UPSC

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