All About LCA Tejas | UPSC

All About LCA Tejas | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Battle-ready LCA Tejas takes to the skies

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Union Cabinet has approved procurement of 73 LCA Tejas Mk-1A fighter aircrafts and 10 LCA Tejas Mk-1 Trainer aircrafts at the cost of Rs. 45,696 Crore along with Design and Development of Infrastructure sanctions worth Rs.1,202 Crore.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence:LCA tejas

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to know the specifications of LCA Tejas and its role in enhancing Aerial Power of Indian Air force.

For MAINS nothing much here ! You can use specification to enhance GS-2/GS-3 answers .

      ISSUE: 

The first Light Combat Aircraft Tejas in Final Operational Clearance-standard (SP-21) took to the skies for its maiden flight here on Tuesday, the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited said.

OVERVIEW

  • Light Combat Aircraft Mk-1A variant is an indigenously designed, developed and manufactured state-of-the-art modern 4+ generation fighter aircraft.

It is the first “Buy (Indian-Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured)” category procurement of combat aircrafts with an indigenous content of 50%. 

All About LCA Tejas | UPSC

SOURCES : WIKIPEDIA | All About LCA Tejas | UPSC

LIGHT COMBAT AIRCRAFT TEJAS

  • Tejas is a single engined, light weight, highly agile, multi-role supersonic fighter.
  • It has quadruplex digital fly-by-wire Flight Control System (FCS) with associated advanced flight control laws.
  • The aircraft with delta wing is designed for ‘air combat’ and ‘offensive air support’ with ‘reconnaissance’ and ‘anti-ship’ as its secondary roles.
  • Extensive use of advanced composites in the airframe gives a high strength to weight ratio, long fatigue life and low radar signatures.

LCA-Production Group (LCA-PG) was launched in 2002 at HAL as the designated manufacturing unit for manufacturing the indigenously designed 4.5 generation aircraft – Tejas being designed by ADA.

  • Aeronautical Development Agency is the designated project manager for the development of LCA.

ADVANCED FEATURES

  • Stealth features have been designed into Tejas.
  • The application of radar-absorbent material (RAM) coatings are intended to minimise its susceptibility to detection and tracking.

The aircraft are equipped with advanced features such as Air-to-Air refuelling and Beyond Visual Range (BVR) missile system.

MISSILES

  • Air-to-air missiles
  • Air-to-surface missile
  • Anti-ship missiles

BOMBS

  • Unguided bombs
  • Laser-guided bombs
  • Glide bombs
  • Cluster bombs (expected)

OTHERS

  • Aerial refuelling probe compatible with Russian & US tankers
  • Drop tanks for ferry flight/extended range/loitering time

AVIONICS

  • Hybrid Elta EL/M-2032 multi-mode all weather fire control radar with day and night capability.
  • Mayavi electronic warfare (EW) suite with radar warning receiver (RWR), missile approach warning (MAW), laser warning receiver (LWR) and electronic countermeasure (ECM) system.
  • Ultraviolet Missile warning sensors, self-protection jammer.
  • Chaff, jaff and flares dispenser.
  • Infrared search and track (IRST) system & laser designator / rangefinder.
  • Towed radar decoy.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • This flight signifies exemplary team work among the stakeholders of the LCA Tejas programme such as HAL.
  • “This would pave the way for production of remaining 15 fighters from FOC [Final Operational Clearance] block, which are planned to be delivered during the next financial year.”
     SOURCES:THE HINDU | All About LCA Tejas | UPSC

 

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