Water Quality Testing Innovation Challenge | UPSC

Water Quality Testing Innovation Challenge | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

National Jal Jeevan Mission Launches Innovation Challenge for Developing Portable Devices to Test Drinking Water Quality

      WHY IN NEWS:

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Jal Shakti
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Water Management : Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through aim , testing parameters , the problem statement and the key solution areas . Do not forget the theme !

For MAINS take a note of water management in rural areas and depleting resources .

      ISSUE: 

Due to depleting groundwater level, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, the use of surface water is on the rise.

WATER QUALITY TESTING INNOVATION CHALLENGE

OVERVIEW

  • Drinking water supply in rural areas is from both from groundwater (80%) and surface water (20%) sources.
  • For both groundwater and surface water based rural drinking water supply systems, it is important to measure relevant area-specific contaminations to ensure access to potable water.

LAUNCH

The National Jal Jeevan Mission has launched an innovation challenge in partnership with Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade to develop portable devices for water testing

OBJECTIVE

  • The main objective of the exercise is to bring an innovative, modular, and cost-effective solution to develop portable devices.
  • These portable devices can be used at the household level to test the drinking water quality instantly, easily and accurately.

THEMES FOR CHALLENGES

Water Quality Testing

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

The challenge would be open to:

  • Startups
  • MSMEs
  • Innovators
  • Corporate Entities

RELEVANT STAKEHOLDER

  • Individual
  • Validation Stage Startup
  • Early Traction Startup
  • Scaling Stage Startup
  • Corporate

Water Quality Testing Innovation Challenge | UPSC

JAL JEEVAN MISSION AND WATER QUALITY

  • Water quality testing is one of the priority areas under Jal Jeevan Mission, the flagship programme of Union Government.

The aim of the innovation challenge is to ensure that water sources are tested at various locations, at different levels

  • This will help the policy framers to design programs which address the water contamination issues.

BENEFICIARIES

  • Since announcement of the Jal Jeevan Mission, till 23rd December, 2020, so far 2.90 Crore households have been provided tap water connections.
  • This has increasing the tap water supply from 3.23 Crore (17%) in August, 2019 to 6.13 Crore (32%) rural households of the country.
  • Further, every household in 20 districts, 425 blocks, 34 thousand Gram Panchayats and 64 thousand villages of the country now have access to tap water connection.

DEGRADATION OF WATER QUALITY

  • People receiving piped water supply in their homes do not have any means to test the potability of water coming from their taps.

This leads to a situation wherein, quite often, people are reluctant to consume tap water directly

  • People in urban areas also end up installing household water treatment units incurring additional expenditure.
  • The challenge aims to address these issues in an innovative, modular and cost-effective manner.
  • Drinking water supply in rural areas is from both from groundwater (80%) and surface water (20%) sources.
  • However, due to the depleting groundwater level, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, the use of surface water is on the rise.
  • For both groundwater and surface waterbased rural drinking water supply systems, it is important to measure relevant area-specific contaminations to ensure access to potable water.
  • The Uniform Drinking Water Quality Protocol, 2019 has specified some important parameters to be monitored for assuring portability of drinking water as per BIS IS 10500:2012 and subsequent amendments.

Water Quality Testing Innovation Challenge | UPSC

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Jal Jeevan Mission is under implementation in partnership with the States to enable every rural home to have tap water connection by 2024.

The aim of the mission is to provide every rural household potable tap water in adequate quantity and of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis

  • The National Jal Jeevan Mission invites applicants to join the Innovation Challenge .
  • Ultimately, the idea is to develop portable devices for water testing and become a part of this life changing Jan Aandolan.
SUGGESTED READING : http://bit.ly/37JpBHv 
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU IE  PIB  DownToEarth  | Water Quality Testing Innovation Challenge | UPSC 

 

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