Two Covid-19 vaccines approved, What Next ?

Two Covid-19 vaccines approved in India | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Two Covid-19 vaccines approved

      WHY IN NEWS:

India approves two COVID-19 vaccines for emergency useRegulator grants nod to Covishield by Serum Institute, Covaxin by Bharat Biotech

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Health and Family Welfares
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

The Central Drugs and Standards Committee (CDSCO) formally approved the COVID-19 vaccines by Bharat Biotech and the Serum Institute of India (SII).

TWO COVID-19 VACCINES APPROVED

This allows the vaccines — Covishield by SII and based on the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine, and Covaxin by Bharat Biotech — to be offered to healthcare workers and frontline workers in India.

  • The Health Ministry had said that 3 crore such personnel, considered at the highest risk for COVID-19, would be given the vaccine for free.
  • It isn’t yet known which vaccine will be made available to these personnel though officials said roll-outs could begin in less than a fortnight.

Two Covid-19 vaccines approved, What Next ?

SOURCES : THE HINDU

YET TO COMPLETE TRIALS

  • Neither Covishield nor Covaxin has completed the crucial Phase-3 trial, under which a vaccine candidate is administered to volunteers at multiple locations across the country.
  • The approval was based on a recommendation by a Subject Expert Committee which deliberated for two days on granting approvals to the vaccines.
  • Both approvals accorded are for “restricted use in emergency situation” .

Bharat Biotech, whose vaccine candidate is being tested in large Phase-3 trials in India, has provided safety and immunogenicity data. 

THE FIRST RECIPIENTS OF THE VACCINE

  • First, the entire vaccination drive will be voluntary.

In 1st phase of #COVID19Vaccination, free #vaccine shall be provided across the nation to most prioritised beneficiaries that include 1 crore healthcare & 2 crore frontline workers.

  • The vaccine will be administered to them for free.
  • Also receiving the vaccine in the first phase will be a third priority group – consisting of some 27 crore persons above age 50, and persons below age 50, but with associated comorbidities.

WHAT ABOUT THE REST OF THE POPULATION?

  • The government aims to complete the first phase of vaccinations by August 2021.
  • The timelines for the rest of the population are not known as yet.

However, it is not as though the rest of the population will have to wait until the first phase of vaccination is complete.

  • Other groups will begin to be inoculated simultaneously after some weeks or months.
  • Critical here will be the pace of the vaccination, and the availability of the required doses.
  • Also, a whole lot of other vaccines — apart from Covishield and Covaxin — are likely to be approved for use in India in the coming weeks.
  • These include the vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna, the Russian Sputnik-V, and Zydus-Cadila’s ZyCoV-D candidate.

PREPARATIONS FOR THE VACCINATION

  • Preparations have been on for weeks for what will be India’s widest and most ambitious vaccination drive ever.
  • Two rounds of mock drills have already been held — the first in four states on December 28-29.
  • Some 96,000 vaccinators have been trained, including 2,360 in a National Training of Trainers, and over 57,000 in district-level training carried out in 719 districts.
  • More than 75 lakh beneficiaries have been registered on the Co-WIN platform.

It will provide real-time information on vaccine stocks, their storage temperature, and individual beneficiaries of the shots.

  • The country’s cold chain infrastructure has been sufficiently upgraded to ensure last-mile delivery, and adequate supplies of syringes and other logistics have been arranged.

IF YOU HAVE RECOVERED FROM COVID, WILL YOU BE VACCINATED?

  • Yes. The centre has said that it is advisable to receive a complete schedule of COVID vaccine irrespective of the past history of infection with COVID-19.
  • This will help in developing a strong immune response against the disease.

IDENTIFYING THOSE ABOVE 50 YEARS AND ABOVE?

  • The government has said that the latest electoral roll for the Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly election will be used to identify the population aged 50 years or more.
  • The priority group of above 50 years is further subdivided into those above 60 years of age.

Those between 50 to 60 years of age for the phasing of roll out based on “pandemic situation and vaccine availability”.

HOW MANY DOSES WILL BE ADMINISTERED?

  • According to the Health Ministry, two doses of vaccine, 28 days apart, need to be taken by an individual to complete the vaccination schedule.

Protective levels of antibodies are generally developed two weeks after receiving the 2nd dose of COVID-19 vaccine

CAN A PERSON HAVE ONE DOSE WITH ONE VACCINE AND A SECOND DOSE WITH ANOTHER?

  • No. The centre has said the entire schedule of vaccination is completed by only one type of vaccine as different COVID-19 vaccines are not interchangeable.

REGISTRATION FOR COVID-19 VACCINATION

  • The COVID-19 Vaccine Intelligence Network (Co-WIN) system, a digital platform will be used to track the enlisted beneficiaries for vaccination and COVID-19 vaccines on a real-time basis.

At the vaccination site, only pre-registered beneficiaries will be vaccinated per the prioritization, and there will be no provision for on-the-spot registrations

  • The eligible beneficiaries will be informed through their registered mobile number regarding the Health Facility where the vaccination will be provided and the scheduled time for the same.

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED

  • Document needed for registration can be any of the ten listed:

DOCUMENTS
Driving licence, MGNERGA job card, PAN card, bank passbook, passport, pension document, voter ID, official IDs of MPs/ MLAs/ MLCs, government-issued service ID card and health insurance Smartcard issued by Ministry of Labour.

HOW MANY PERSONS WILL BE VACCINATED PER SESSION?

  • States and Union Territories will identify specific days for vaccination. And one session will be for 100 beneficiaries.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Photo ID is a must for both registration and verification of beneficiary at the session site to ensure that the intended person is vaccinated, the guidelines state.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | Two Covid-19 vaccines approved, What Next ?

 

DISCOVER MORE : GENERAL STUDIES-III

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

0 Shares:
You May Also Like