Project-75 – ‘Vagir’ | Fifth Scorpene Submarine | UPSC
The fifth Scorpene submarine of Project-75 – ‘Vagir’ launched at Mazagon Dock today
WHY IN NEWS:
With the launch of Vagir, India further cements its position as a Submarine Building Nation, in tune with the spirit of Aatmanirbhar Bharat and Make In India
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Defence
For PRELIMS name , technology used , applications and features stand very important .
For MAINS go through the significance of submarine and also Project 75 . Let us dive in !
‘VAGIR’ – FIFTH SCORPENE SUBMARINE
- Earlier it was commissioned into the Indian Navy on December 3, 1973, and was decommissioned on June 7, 2001.
- After almost three decades of yeoman service to the nation.
- In true nautical tradition, she finds a new incarnation, by the same name – Vagir.
- It is infused with new life, by Mazagon Dock, once again a very powerful predator of the deep, guarding the vast maritime interests of our nation.
- Vagir, ex-Russia is named after the Sand Fish.
- It is a deadly deep sea predator of the Indian Ocean
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
- The Scorpene project is given support by the Department of Defence Production (MoD) and Indian Navy throughout its various phases of construction.
The state-of-the-art technology utilized in the rebuilt Scorpene has ensured superior stealth features such as :
- Advanced acoustic absorption techniques
- Low radiated noise levels
- Hydro-dynamically optimised shape etc.
- Vagir has ability to launch an attack on the enemy using precision guided weapons.
- The stealth of this potent platform is enhanced by the special attention provided to her characteristic underwater signatures.
- These stealth features give it an invulnerability, unmatched by most submarines.
Notably, Scorpene submarines can undertake multifarious types of missions i.e
- Anti-Surface warfare
- Anti-Submarine warfare
- Intelligence gathering
- Mine Laying
- Area Surveillance etc.
SOURCES : ANI
- The Submarine is designed to operate in all theatres of operation, showcasing interoperability with other components of a Naval Task Force.
- It is a potent platform, marking a transformational shift in submarine operations.
- MDL has more than lived up to its reputation as ‘Warship and Submarine Builders to the Nation‘
- This is totally in sync with the current impetus of the Government towards ‘Make in India‘ and ‘Aatma Nirbhar Bharat‘.
- The third submarine, Karanj, is in the last phase of rigorous sea trials.
- The fourth Scorpene, Vela, has commenced her sea trials
- The sixth and last submarine, Vagsheer, is being readied for boot together.
- The Ministry of Defence has issued the “Expression of Interest” (EoI) to shortlist potential Indian Strategic Partners (SPs) .
- The project was to be in collaboration with the Indian Navy in collaboration with the selected manufacturer.
- Under the SP model, government will also nominate the foreign original equipment manufacturer (OEM) under the umbrella of ‘Make in India’.
- The first was the procurement of 111 Naval Utility Helicopters (NUH).
- Four foreign firms have so far responded to the Indian government’s request for proposal for the project.
- These are French firm Naval Group, Russia’s Rosoboronexport Rubin Design Bureau, Germany’s ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and Sweden’s Saab.
PROJECT 75 INDIA (P-75I)
- P75I was first cleared in 2007, but lay dormant until now after undergoing numerous changes.
- The P75I project is part of a 30-year submarine building plan that ends in 2030.
- The project cost is about Rs. 45,000 crore.
- This project envisages the construction of six conventional submarines with better sensors and weapons and the Air Independent Propulsion System (AIP).
WHAT DOES NUMBER 75 SIGNIFY?
- The number 75 in Project 75 refers to such unique identifier which was assigned to a programme for series production of submarines in India.
- It is being constructed at the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) in Mumbai.
- In a series production of the warship construction project, all ships/submarines of the series have common design characteristics and capabilities.
- The first ship of the serial construction project provides a class name to all warships in the project for common reference.
- Similarly, all six submarines constructed under Project 75 are referred to as Kalvari Class of submarines.
Other examples of project and class references of Indian Naval Ships are as:
- Project 15 Destroyers – Delhi Class (Delhi, Mysore, and Mumbai)
- Project 16 Frigates – Godavari Class (Godavari, Ganga and Gomti)
- Project 16A Frigates – Brahmaputra Class (Brahmaputra, Betwa and Beas)
- Project 17 Stealth Frigates – Shivalik Class (Shivalik, Sahyadri and Satpura)
- Project 28 Anti-Submarine Corvettes – Kamorta Class (Kamorta, Kadmatt, Kiltan and Kavaratti)
- Building the Scorpene was indeed a challenge for MDL.
- The complexity of the simplest of tasks increased exponentially due to all work having to be done in the most congested of spaces.
- Two SSK submarines built by MDL during 1992-94 are in active service, which is a testimony to the professionalism and capability of Mazagon Dock personnel.
SOURCES: PIB | Project-75 – ‘Vagir’ | Fifth Scorpene Submarine | UPSC