National Supercomputing Mission | UPSC

National Supercomputing Mission | UPSC


MoUs with premier academic institutions to boost manufacture & establishment of supercomputing infrastructure in India

      WHY IN NEWS:

India set to achieve Self Reliance in Supercomputing with Manufacturing Critical Components in India

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Science and technology


For PRELIMS it is important to go through the mission and objectives of NSM .

For MAINS can you mention few ways in which India be a Leader in Supercomputing technology ?


C-DAC and National Supercomputing Mission Host Institutes sign MOU for establishing Supercomputing Infrastructure in various premier institutions across India.


National Supercomputing Mission | UPSC

  • Centre for Development of Advanced Computing(C-DAC) signed a total of 13 MoUs with the premier academic and R&D institutions of India.

C-DAC is establishing Supercomputing Infrastructure with Assembly and Manufacturing in India.

  • C-DAC is accelerating pace of research and innovation in manufacturing Critical Supercomputing components.
  • Component will be manufactured in India, is a step towards Atmanirbhar Bharat .

Param Shivaythe first supercomputer assembled indigenously, was installed in IIT (BHU).

  • It was followed by Param Shakti and Param Brahma at IIT-Kharagpur and IISER, Pune, respectively.

Param ShaktiNational Supercomputing Mission | UPSC


  • The Mission is to Establish Dependable and Secure Exa-Scale Eco-system with innovative designs, disruptive technologies and Expert Human resource.
  • The Mission envisages empowering academic and R&D institutions spread over the country by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities.

These supercomputers will also be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN).

  • The NKN is another programme of the government which connects academic institutions and R&D labs over a high speed network.
  • Academic and R&D institutions as well as key user departments/ministries would participate by using these facilities and develop applications of national relevance.
  • The Mission also includes development of highly professional High Performance Computing (HPC) aware human resource .
  • The Mission implementation would bring supercomputing within the reach of the large Scientific & Technology community in the country.
  • This will enable the country with a capacity of solving multi-disciplinary grand challenge problems.


  • The goal is to develop own indigenous hardware encompassing exascale chip design.

Design and manufacture of exascale server boards.

  • Exascale interconnects and storage including silicon-photonics at C-DAC to achieve complete self-reliance.


The Mission would be implemented and steered jointly by:

  • The Department of Science and Technology (DST)
  • Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY)


  • NSM Phase-I : It is already installed and much of Phase-II in place, the network of supercomputers through the country will soon reach to around 16 Petaflops (PF).
  • NSM Phase-III : It is to be initiated in January 2021, will take the computing speed to around 45 Petaflops.

The three phases will provide access to High-Performance Computing (HPC) Facilities to around 75 institutions.


The estimated cost is Rs.4500 crore over a period of seven years.


  • To make India one of the world leaders in Supercomputing.
  • To enhance India’s capability in solving grand challenge problems of national and global relevance.

To empower our scientists and researchers with state-of-the-art supercomputing facilities .

  • To enable them to carry out cutting-edge research in their respective domains.
  • To minimize redundancies and duplication of efforts, and optimize investments in supercomputing
  • To attain global competitiveness and ensure self-reliance in the strategic area of supercomputing technology.


  • Climate Modelling
  • Weather Prediction
  • Aerospace Engineering including CFD, CSM, CEM
  • Computational Biology
  • Molecular Dynamics
  • Atomic Energy Simulations
  • National Security/ Defence Applications
  • Seismic Analysis
  • Disaster Simulations and Management
  • Computational Chemistry
  • Computational Material Science and Nanomaterials
  • Discoveries beyond Earth (Astrophysics)
  • Large Complex Systems Simulations and Cyber Physical Systems
  • Big Data Analytics
  • Finance
  • Information repositories/ Government Information Systems.


  • India’s network of research institutions, in collaboration with the industry, is scaling up the technology and manufacturing capability.
  • While in Phase-I, 30 percent value addition is done in India, that has been scaled up to 40 percent in Phase-II.
  • Efforts are being made to develop parts like server board, interconnect, processor, system software libraries, storage, and HPC-AI converged accelerator domestically.

India has developed an Indigenous server (Rudra), which can meet the HPC requirements of all governments and PSUs.

  • This is the first time that a server system was made in India, along with the full software stack developed by C-DAC.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The mission envisages empowering our national academic and R&D institutions to spread over the country.
  • This will be done by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities.
  • The mission implementation would bring supercomputing within the reach of the large scientific & technology community in the country .
  • This will enable the country with a capacity to solve multi-disciplinary grand challenge problems.
  • Supercomputing is the key to so many areas like Computational Biology, Molecular Dynamics, National Security etc.

Armed with artificial intelligence and machine learning makes it a formidable tool.

  • Progress in this mission will break silos to empower people and make India future-ready and tackle future challenges.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | National Supercomputing Mission | UPSC



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