National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) | UPSC

National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

NIXI Offers free Domain in Local Indian Languages

      WHY IN NEWS:

The National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) announced that it will offer a free IDN (Internationalized Domain Name) in any of their preferred 22 official Indian language along with every IN domain booked by the registrant.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Electronics & IT
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Internet

      ISSUE: 

A FREE DOMAIN AND EMAIL ACCOUNT

National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) | UPSC

  • The National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) announced that it will offer a free IDN (Internationalized Domain Name) in any of their preferred 22 official Indian language.
  • Applicant will also get a free email in local language.
  • This offer has been created to stimulate the adoption of भारत (IDN) domain name and proliferation of local language content.
  • This offer is valid for new .in users who register up to 31st January 2021.
  • This offer is also extended to those existing in users who renew their domain in the month of January 2021.

NATIONAL INTERNET EXCHANGE OF INDIA (NIXI)

NIXI

National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is a not for profit organization working since 2003 for spreading the internet technology to the citizens of India through the following activities: –

i) Internet Exchanges through which the internet data is exchanged amongst ISPs and between ISPs and CDNs.

ii) IN Registry, managing and operation of IN country code domain and भारत IDN domain for India.

iii) IRINN, managing and operating Internet protocol (IPv4/IPv6).

MISSION

The Main Objectives to be pursued by the Company on its incorporation are:

  1. To Promote Internet.
  2. To set up, when needed, in select location(s)/parts/regions of India Internet Exchanges/Peering Points.
  3. To enable effective and efficient routing, peering, transit and exchange of the Internet traffic within India.
  4. To continuously work for enhancing and improving the quality of Internet and Broadband services.
  5. Set up. Internet Domain Name Operations and related activities.

MORE ABOUT .IN DOMAINS

  • .IN is India’s top-level domain on the Internet. Like .COM, .IN can be used for e-mail, Web sites, and other applications.

Unlike other domains, .IN is a unique symbol of India and its role in the world

  • The procedures for registering .IN names have been simplified.
  • This allows anyone to register and use .IN domain names.
  • Now .IN names are available for signup through a number of registrars.
  • .IN domains are easy to buy, easy to use, fast and reliable!
  • INRegistry is the official .IN registry.

HOW IS .IN DOMAIN MANAGED?

  • NIXI was set up for peering of ISPs among themselves for the purpose of routing the domestic traffic within the country.

Instead of taking it all the way to US/Abroad, thereby resulting in better quality of service (reduced latency) and reduced bandwidth charges for ISPs by saving on International Bandwidth

  • NIXI is managed and operated on a Neutral basis, in line with the best practices for such initiatives globally.
  • .IN is India’s Country Code Top Level domain (ccTLD).
  • The Govt. of India delegated the operations of INRegistry to NIXI in 2004.
  • The INRegistry operates and manages India’s .IN ccTLD.
  • Indian Registry for Internet Names and Numbers (IRINN) in India that provides allocation and registration services of IP addresses and AS numbers.

NIXI PERFORM THREE OPERATIONS : QUICK REVISION

NATIONAL INTERNET EXCHANGE OF INDIA

  • NIXI is a not for profit Organization registered on 19th June, 2003.
  • NIXI was set up for peering of ISPs among themselves for the purpose of routing the domestic traffic within the country.

IN REGISTRY

  • Government of India has authorized NIXI as .IN Registry, since January 2005.
  • Now .IN domain names are available to anyone on first-come-first-served basis.

IRINN

  • Indian Registry for Internet Names and Numbers is a division functioning under NIXI.

It provides allocation and registration services of Internet Protocol addresses (IPv4 & IPv6) and Autonomous System numbers to its Affiliates

  • It is a not-for-profit, Affiliates based entity, with the primary goal of allocation of Internet resources to its Affiliates.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The new era for .IN began with a Sunrise Period.
  • Owners of registered Indian trademarks or service marks who wished to protect their marks were given the opportunity to apply for .IN domain names before the general public.
  • Sunrise applications were taken from January 1 to January 21, 2005.
     SOURCES:   PIB    | National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) | UPSC 

 

DISCOVER MORE : GENERAL STUDIES-III

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

0 Shares:
You May Also Like