Digital Ocean-Ocean Data Management | UPSC

Digital Ocean-Ocean Data Management | UPSC


Dr Harsh Vardhan launches ‘Digital Ocean’ -the first of its kind digital platform for Ocean Data Management developed by INCOIS of MoES

      WHY IN NEWS:

Digital Ocean is a big step towards Digital India, will help expand ‘Blue Economy’ and promote Atmanirbhar Bharat: Dr Harsh Vardhan

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Science and Technology : Earth Science


Today we are looking at a large number of possibilities for harnessing the wealth of the ocean like the Deep Ocean Mission, research on alternate sources of energy, its mineral wealth, source of food among others.


Digital Ocean is a first of its kind digital platform for Ocean Data Management

  • “Digital Ocean is a big step towards Prime Minister’s vision of Digital India ie to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy”.
  • In coming times, that nation will be powerful which has the gold mine of data and the capacity to process and interpret it meaningfully.


  • The Minister of Earth Sciences, Science & Technology,  and Health & Family Welfare inaugurated the web-based application “Digital Ocean” developed by INCOIS of M/o Earth sciences.
  • INCOIS for having adopted & developed various State of the Art technologies, for timely dissemination of near-real time ocean information.

Digital Ocean-Ocean Data Management | UPSC


  • The ocean is a storehouse of infinite knowledge and ‘Digital Ocean’ helps to share this knowledge about the ocean.
  • Digital Ocean also provides free access to information to the general public and the common man.


  • The ocean knowledge can be shared with a wide range of users including research institutions, operational agencies, strategic users, academic community, maritime industry and policy makers.
  • It will play a central role in sustainable management of our oceans and expanding our ‘Blue Economy’ initiatives.
  • The Digital Ocean will be promoted as a platform for capacity building on Ocean Data Management for all Indian Ocean Rim countries.

Deep Ocean Mission will help to explore the power of the ocean which will be reflected through data

  • Digital Ocean is the result of the need felt to organize data from various sources and to provide quality data management.
  • Digital Ocean will help improve our understanding of working of oceans.
  • Digital Ocean is a new state of the art data platform and is the first such platform to provide ocean data related services at one place.


INCOIS has adopted and developed various state-of-the-art technologies and tools through sustained and focussed oceanographic research for the timely dissemination of ocean information

Advisory Services includes:

  • Potential Fishing Zone (PFZ) advisories
  • Ocean State Forecast (OSF)
  • High Wave Alerts
  • Tsunami early warnings
  • Storm Surge and Oil-Spill advisories, etc.


  • It includes a set of applications developed to organize and present heterogeneous oceanographic data by adopting rapid advancements in geospatial technology.
  • It facilitates an online interactive web-based environment for data integration, 3D and 4D (3D inspace with time animation) data visualization.

Data analysis to assess the evolution of oceanographic features

  • Data fusion and multi-format download of disparate data from multiple sources viz.,
  • In-situ, remote sensing and model data, all of which is rendered on a geo referenced 3D Ocean.


User Management component of Digital Ocean allows :

  • Authentication of users and their roles and privileges of access to different data sets
  • Categorization of data as per the data sharing guidelines.
  • Metadata management
  • Mail management
  • Usage statistics
  • System statistics
  • Monitoring of observing platforms
  • Addition of new data streams, etc.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Digital Ocean will serve as a one stop-solution for all the data related needs of a wide range of users.

The sharing of this data will become critical factors in achieving better outcomes for strengthening our economy

     SOURCES:  PIB  | Digital Ocean-Ocean Data Management | UPSC



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