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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

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ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 9th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

The Digital divide


Digital divide shadows post-pandemic education

      WHY IN NEWS:

NSO report highlights wide disparity in access to online classes



Across India, only one in 10 households have a computer — whether a desktop, laptop or tablet. However, almost a quarter of all homes have Internet facilities, accessed via a fixed or mobile network using any device, including smartphones.

The survey on household social consumption related to education was part of the NSO’s 75th round, conducted from July 2017 to June 2018.

9th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

  • Schools across the country have now been closed for six months due to COVID-19, but this means vastly different things for different people.
  • For the child in urban Himachal Pradesh, where Internet penetration is higher than 70%, it likely means online schooling, Zoom classes and digital textbooks.


  • Most of these Internet-enabled homes are located in cities, where 42% have Internet access.

In rural India, however, only 15% are connected to the Internet.

  • The national capital has the highest Internet access, with 55% of homes having such facilities.
  • Himachal Pradesh and Kerala are the only other States where more than half of all households have Internet.
  • There are 10 other States with less than 20% Internet penetration, including States with software hubs such as Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

For the child in rural Odisha, where less than 6% of households have Internet facilities, such options are out of the question.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Even in Odisha, almost 63% of homes in the top urban quintile have Internet facilities.

The biggest divide is by economic status, which the NSO marks by dividing the population into five equal groups, or quintiles, based on their usual monthly per capita expenditure.

  • In the poorest quintile of rural Odisha, however, that figure drops to an abysmal 2.4%.
  • Kerala shows the least inequality: more than 39% of the poorest rural homes have Internet, in comparison to 67% of the richest urban homes.
  • Himachal Pradesh also fares well, with 40% of the lowest rural quintile having Internet.
     SOURCES: PIB | 9th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Gaps in Vaccination


Gaps in Vaccination

      WHY IN NEWS:

The report is based on the 75th round of the National Sample Survey (July 2017-June 2018) on household social consumption related to health.



According to the ‘Health in India’ report recently published by the National Statistical Organisation (NSO), the full immunisation programme is not completed among 40% of the children.

9th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis


  • Across the country, only 59.2% of children under five years are fully immunised.
  • About 97% of children across the country received at least one vaccination — mostly BCG or the first dose of OPV at birth.
  • Only 67% of children are protected against measles. 
  • Only 58% got their polio booster dose, while 54% got their DPT booster dose.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Best Performance: Manipur (75%), Andhra Pradesh (73.6%) and Mizoram (73.4%) recorded the highest rates of full immunisation.
  • Poor Performance: Nagaland (12%), followed by Puducherry (34%) and Tripura (39.6%).
  • In Delhi, less than half of all children are fully immunised. 
     SOURCES: PIB | 9th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Rogan art’s


Rogan art’s connect during COVID-19

      WHY IN NEWS:

The centuries old tradition of Rogan art (hand painting on cloth), is facing an unprecedented challenge due to pandemic.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Art and Culture


The art is facing an unprecedented challenge due to pandemic.


9th sep current afffairs

  • The word Rogan means “Oil” in Persian.
  • With origins in Persia, it came to Kutch around 300 years ago.
  • This rare craft is practised by a lone Muslim family, the Khatris of Nirona Village, Gujarat.


Rogan is a form of textile painting which uses a rich, brightly coloured paint made from castor oil and natural colors

  • Castor is a crop commonly grown in the Kutch region of Gujarat and the artists source it from the local farmers.


The intricated motifs are – geometric flowers, peacocks, the tree of life, etc. 

  • These are drawn from the history and folk culture of the Kutch region.


The castor paste is mixed with natural colours and then is drawn out into a fine ‘thread’ with a metal stylus or ‘Kalam’.

  •  This metal rod never comes in contact with the fabric.
  • The artisans then carefully twist the paint across the cloth into motifs and patterns.
  • Next, the fabric is folded thereby printing its mirror image.
  • The finer details are then added thus completing the Rogan painting.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The ‘Tree of Life design is the most famous design in Rogan painting.
  • It is inspired by traditional Persian designs.
  • The nine artists from the Khatri family have six national awards and six State awards between them.
     SOURCES: PIB | 9th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

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