9th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Be miserable. Or motivate yourself. Whatever has to be done, it’s always your choice.” –Wayne Dyer

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 

Garbage : Encroachments : Floods

      HEADLINES:

Watery grave: How garbage, encroachments contaminated Guwahati’s only river

      WHY IN NEWS:

Every year during the monsoon, Guwahati in Assam witnesses devastating floods.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Floods

      ISSUE: 

Natural and artificial drains in the city get clogged during heavy rains and spill on to the roads

9th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Bharalu river’s ability to carry excess rainwater to the Brahmaputra has reduced because people use it as a dumping ground for garbage (Photographs: Manash Das) Bharalu river’s ability to carry excess rainwater to the Brahmaputra has reduced because people use it as a dumping ground for garbage .
SOURCES : DownToEarth

STATE OF FLOOD

  • The state administration realised floods are caused by poor drainage systems.
  • Natural and artificial drains in the city get clogged during heavy rains and spill on to the roads.
  • Bharalu, the only river that flows through Guwahati .
  • The river carries excess rainwater to the Brahmaputra, has been reduced to a dumping ground for garbage by the residents.
  • Illegal constructions along the Bharalu make matters worse.

RIVER BECOMES A DRAIN

Apart from the Bharalu river, there are three rivulets within the city — Mahabharalu, Bahini and Basista.

FLOODS IASBHAI | 9th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

  • In the absence of adequate waste disposal mechanism in these areas, people dump solid waste into the water, worsening the pollution.
  • Household waste generation in Guwahati is almost 490 tonnes per day.
  • Even the Railways, treat the river as a garbage dumping site.

Diesel shed of the Railways in New Guwahati releases untreated toxic effluent into public drains.
 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The natural drainage has been blocked in many areas as a result of encroachment.
  • Most of it is non-biodegradable waste generated by business establishments.

IMPORTANT TO-DO LIST

  • Dismantling of existing wooden bridge
  • Construction of RCC Bridge with pathways and utility corridor.
  • Construction of new pedestrian bridges.
  • Construction of retaining walls/embankments all along the banks .
  • Dismantling of existing stone masonry walls considering the new re-sectioning requirements.
  • Development of walkway over the river along its banks, children play area, public toilets, drinking water points, waste bins .
  • Landscaping, generation of solar power are the part of the development of the riverfront.
  • Reuse of tertiary treated wastewater from flushing in Govt. buildings and gardening purpose.
  • The Survey and Investigations and data collection.
  • Topographical survey, water quality sampling, dry weather flow measurement, geotechnical investigations etc. surveys are completed.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 9th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Third Time in a Row

      HEADLINES:

Kerala faces floods for third consecutive year

      WHY IN NEWS:

Incessant rain and strong winds swept across several parts of Kerala amid predictions of heavy or very heavy rain in many others, as the coastal state faces its third consecutive year of floods.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Earth Sciences
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Monsoons : Climate Change

      ISSUE: 

Extremely heavy rain forecast in Idukki, Palakkad, Thrissur and Wayanad districts for the next two days

RAISED ALARMS

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) issued a red alert for ‘extremely heavy’ rainfall in the state’s Idukki, Malappuram, Pathanamthitta and Wayanad districts for August 7, 2020.

  • Extremely heavy rain was forecast in Idukki, Palakkad, Thrissur and Wayanad districts for the next two days.

This was because of the emergence of a strong south-westerly / westerly monsoonal flow over the Arabian Sea.

KERALA MAP | 9th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

SOURCES : Wikipedia

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Moderate rain with gusty wind speed of 40 kmph is likely in a few areas in Alappuzha, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kannur, Kollam and Thrissur districts.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 9th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

#AtmaNirbharKrishi | CHC- Farm Machinery App

      HEADLINES:

Agriculture Mechanization and Technology Division takes various initiatives for farmers’ welfare under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan/Krishi

      WHY IN NEWS:

Rs. 553 crores under Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization and Rs. 548.20 crores under Crop Residue Management scheme to prevent paddy straw burning released to State Governments during 2020-21

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture

      ISSUE: 

Multi lingual Mobile App “CHC- Farm Machinery” developed; series of measures taken to maintain uninterrupted supply of farm inputs and mitigate effect of migration of farm labour during Covid lockdown

Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan/Krishi

WHY MECHANIZATION IN AGRICULTURE

  • Agricultural Mechanization is one of the key drivers for sustainable development of agriculture .

Mechanization helps in increasing production by timely farm operations, reducing losses, reducing the cost of operations by ensuring better management of costly inputs.

  • Mechanization also enhances the productivity of natural resources,
  • It also reduces drudgery associated with various farm operations.

AIM

  • Under the hash-tag #AtmaNirbharKrishi, created by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare signifies special emphasis towards promotion of agricultural mechanization in the country and to bring more inclusiveness.
  • In order to lay special emphasis towards promotion of agricultural mechanization in the country and to bring more inclusiveness.
  • Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) had been initiated since April 2014.

FOCUS

  • Migrant labourers in large numbers migrated back to their native places due to lock-down and also due to the fear of future uncertainties.
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare rose to the occasion to help such migrant workers.
  • With an objective to enhance their employment opportunities in their local areas, a special drive for Skilling the Migrant Labourers in the field of agricultural machinery under “Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan/Krishi” has been initiated.

FUNDING

  • In the year 2020-21, budget of Rs. 1033 crores have been provided for the scheme, out of which Rs. 553 crores have been released to the State Governments.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Under this campaign, in-house Skilling training programmes in 8 identified job roles/Qualification packs is being organized at Farm Machinery Training and testing Institutes (FMTTIs) at Budni in Madhya Pradesh and Hisar in Haryana.
  • The first batch of the Training has already been started with 56 trainees from Madhya Pradesh .
  • Skilling Programmes of migrant labourers have also been incorporated in the operational Guidelines of Sub Mission On Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM).

CHALLENGES AND SCHEMES

CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT

  • Paddy straw burning is one of the major problems in the Northern Region of the country causing environmental pollution.

With an objective to wean away farmers of this region from Crop Residue Burning, the scheme of CRM (Crop Residue Management) was initiated since 2018.

  • Wherein, farmers are provided machinery for in-situ management of crop residue through establishment of CHCs (Custom Hiring Centres).
  • Individual farmers are also provided subsidy for procurement of machinery.

CHC- FARM MACHINERY

  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has also developed a Multi lingual Mobile App “CHC- Farm Machinery” .

App connects the farmers with Custom Hiring Service Centers situated in their locality.

  • This app is facilitating agricultural mechanization in the country by encouraging small & marginal farmers to take machines on rental basis for agriculture practices.
  • The App has been further modified and now has been given the acronym of “FARMS-app” (Farm Machinery Solutions-app).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Pandemic of COVID has ramifying effects even in the lives of migrant labourers who basically migrate temporarily to urban agglomerates in search of jobs.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 9th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Seed-bombs to fight a jumbo problem

      HEADLINES:

Odisha turns to seed-bombs to fight a jumbo problem

      WHY IN NEWS:

Forest officials hope adequate bamboo will germinate and ensure food for elephants

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Man Animal Conflict : Conservation of Biodiversity : Flora and Fauna

      ISSUE: 

Bamboo seed balls getting ready to be scattered in reserve forests.

  • The growth in bamboo plantation is expected to meet food requirement of elephants, which often stray out of the forests and raid human habitations in search of food.
  • Villagers who bear the brunt of the elephant attacks have come forward to prepare bamboo seed balls .
  • These will be  scatter them in 38 reserve forests under the Athagarh Forest Division.
  • A vigorous monsoon with copious rains has helped the villagers and forest department personnel ensure that the seed-balls have germinated.
Encouraged by germination, Forest Division has begun casting seed-balls inside different forests to enrich food stock for elephants.   

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Bamboo shoots are relished by elephants.

Elephants love chewing bamboo shoots. Once the shoots come out of the plants, the animal depredation in villages will definitely come down.

  • For restoration of bamboo forests, a massive awareness campaign was launched in all the villages hit by elephant depredation.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 5th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis 

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