8 Steps Taken for Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Sector | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Provision of loan to dairy and animal husbandry sector

      WHY IN NEWS:

In order to further boost growth in animal husbandry and dairy sector, the Government has revised and realigned some of the components of the existing schemes to be implemented in the next 5 years starting from 2021-22.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Schemes

      ISSUE: 

8 STEPS TAKEN FOR ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND FISHERIES SECTOR

These schemes enhance production and productivity of bovines & small ruminants (sheep & goat), piggery & poultry for increasing the income of livestock farmers across the country namely:

  1. Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM)
  2. National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD)
  3. Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund(DIDF)
  4. Supporting Dairy Cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations engaged in dairy activities (SDC&FPO)
  5. National Livestock Mission(NLM)
  6.  Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF)
  7. Livestock Health & Disease Control(LH&DC)
  8. National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION

  • Livestock Sector in our country has been growing at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.15% (at constant prices) from 2014-15 to 2019-20.

  • As per National Account Statistics 2021, the value of output of milk in 2019-20 is Rs 8.39 lakh crore (at current prices) surpassing total value of output from cereals.
  • The Government has received proposals from States/UTs including the States of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (UT) regarding animal husbandry and dairy projects under the schemes of the Department.
  • The Government is implementing various schemes for promotion and development the animal husbandry and fisheries sectors in the country such as Rashtriya Gokul Mission, National Programme for Dairy Development etc.

PROVISION OF LOAN TO DAIRY AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY SECTOR

The Government provides loans with interest subvention through the following schemes for promotion and development of dairy and animal husbandry sector across the country:

  1. Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund(AHIDF)
  2. Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund(DIDF)
  3. Supporting Dairy Cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations engaged in dairy activities (SDC&FPO)

INTEREST SUBVENTION

  • Under AHIDF, the Government provides 3% interest subvention to Farmer Producer Organisation, Private companies, individual entrepreneurs, section 8 companies, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.

  • The Eligible End Borrower (EEBs) under DIDF are Co-operative Milk Unions,State Co-operative Milk Federations, Multi-state Milk Co-operatives, Milk Producer companies, NDDB Subsidiaries, FPO/SHGs registered under cooperatives/companies act.
  • Under SDC&FPO, loan towards working capital to dairy Cooperatives/FPOs is provided at simple annual interest rate of 5%, calculated on a monthly basis.
  • Further, due to Economic Impact of Covid-19 on Dairy Sector, the Government has introduced a new activity “interest subvention on Working capital loans for Dairy sector” as a component under this scheme.
  • This component is implemented by DAHD through NDDB.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations engaged in dairy activities, National Livestock Mission, Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund, Livestock Health & Disease Control, National Animal Disease Control Programme and Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana
     SOURCES:   PIB    | 8 Steps Taken for Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Sector | UPSC

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