75th session of UNGA on Prevention of HIV/AIDS | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Dr. Harsh Vardhan addresses 75th session of UNGAon prevention of HIV/AIDS

      WHY IN NEWS:

We are together in this fight against HIV- Dr Harsh Vardhan

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Diseases : United Nations

      ISSUE: 

75TH SESSION OF UNGA ON PREVENTION OF HIV/AIDS

  • The General Assembly, led by its President, has been carrying out its work via novel means to guarantee business continuity and mitigate the spread of the disease.
  • Year in year out, every September, Member States have met in the General Assembly Hall at Headquarters in New York for the annual session and its highly visible general debate.

AGENDA

  • The modalities of the 75th session differ this year in light of the global health crisis.

  • These challenges call for global action, and the 75th session of the General Assembly is a critical opportunity for all to come together and chart a course for the future.
  • “India is providing free anti-retro-viral treatment to close to 1.4 million people”
  • “We need to achieve zero new transmission of HIV if we are to deliver on the promise of ending AIDS in next 10 years

RESOLUTION 75/260

  • The Union Health Minister spoke on Resolution 75/260 which concerns the Implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the political declarations on HIV/AIDS.

  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, India took swift and timely action by involving communities, civil society, and development partners to mitigate the impact of COVID on HIV services.

HIV/AIDS PROGRAMS AND INDIA

  • In India, the HIV & AIDS Prevention and Control Act, 2017, provides a legal and enabling framework to safeguard the human rights of infected and affected populations.
  • India’s unique HIV prevention model is centered around the concept of ‘Social Contracting through which the ‘Targeted Interventions Program’ is implemented with support from civil society.

The program is aimed at behaviour change, communication, outreach, service delivery, counselling & testing and ensuring linkages to HIV care.

  • India is providing free anti-retro-viral treatment to close to 1.4 million people.
  • Indian drugs are also reaching millions of People living with HIV in Africa. India’s National AIDS Control Program has been Revised, Revived and Revamped to focus on hard-to-reach and at-risk populations.

  • Viral Load Testing facilities have been scaled up, and HIV counselling, testing and community-based screening for early diagnosis have been ramped up to achieve the target of Elimination of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • In line with the motto of the Government of India, ‘Together, for everyone’s growth, with everyone’s trust’, the National AIDS Control Program has signed MoUs with public and private sector industries to mobilise their support for HIV prevention and treatment.
  • India aspires to scale up HIV care to reach 100% of people living with this dreaded disease.
  • We need to foresee and identify our challenges and gaps, customise our program, share knowledge, emulate best practices and stride towards reaching the Sustainable Development Goal of ending the AIDS epidemic, which is a grave public health threat, by 2030.
     SOURCES:   PIB   | 75th session of UNGA on Prevention of HIV/AIDS | UPSC

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