IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 23rd Dec

“Build your own dreams, or someone else will hire you to build theirs.” – Farrah Gray

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #283 :“5th Anniversary of Paris Agreement | UPSC

5th Anniversary of Paris Agreement | UPSC

Ugo Astuto
5th Anniversary of Paris Agreement | UPSC

Ugo Astuto is Ambassador of the European Union (EU).

      HEADLINES:

Five years since Paris, an opportunity to build back better

      CENTRAL THEME:

We owe it to the next generation who will have to bear the burden of climate change and pay off the debt of the recovery

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Climate Change

      MAINS QUESTION:

In the midst of this pandemic, is it realistic to call for stronger global action to fight climate change? Comment on possible outcomes of Green Recovery -(GS 3)

      LEARNING: 

  • Climate ambition Summit 2020
  • Green Recovery
  • India and EU Co-operation
  • Build back better

      INTRODUCTION: 

  • COLLABORATIVE EFFORT : The international community, including the European Union (EU) and India, gathered at the Climate Ambition Summit 2020 .
  • AGENDA OF THE SUMMIT : The summit was focussed on to celebrate and recognise our resolve in working towards a safer, more resilient world with net-zero emissions.

December 12 marked the five-year anniversary of the Paris Agreement.

  • TESTING TIMES : During the past five years, the determination of the global community has certainly been tested .
  • RESILIENT ECONOMIES : In the past few months, we have all been hit by a virus with a potentially long-lasting impact on our society and economies.

      BODY: 

GREEN RECOVERY

  • GREEN ECONOMY : The science is irrefutable: for future prosperity, we must invest in greening the global economy.

Post-COVID-19 recovery needs to be a green recovery. 

  • GREEN DEAL : Back in December 2019, the European Commission launched the European Green Deal — a new growth model and roadmap to achieve climate neutrality in the EU by 2050.
  • GLOBAL CO-OPERATION : To reach climate neutrality by 2050, on December 11, EU leaders unanimously agreed on the 2030 target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% compared to 1990 levels.
  • COST OF TECHNOLOGIES : This will further accelerate the fast decrease in the costs of low carbon technologies.

EXAMPLE
The cost of solar photovoltaics has already declined by 82% between 2010 and 2019.

  • MEGA SAVINGS : Achieving the 55% target will even help us to save €100 billion in the next decade and up to €3 trillion by 2050.
  • MULTILATERAL APPROACH : We will pursue all avenues to foster cooperation with partners from all around the world. India is a key player in this global endeavour.
  • MUCH NEEDED ACTION : The rapid development of solar and wind energy in India in the last few years is a good example of the action needed worldwide.

WORKING WITH INDIA

The EU and India are committed to the full implementation of the Paris Agreement.

India has taken a number of very significant flagship initiatives in this respect, such as :

  • The International Solar Alliance
  • The Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure
  • The Leadership Group for Industry Transition.

JOINT VENTURES

  • COP MEETINGS : India and Team Europe are engaged to make a success of the forthcoming international gatherings: COP 26 in Glasgow on climate change and COP 15 in Kunming on biodiversity.
  • GREEN INVESTMENTS : Team Europe will continue to work closely with India on green investments and the sharing of best practices and technologies.
  • SAVING THE PLANET : There is a sense of global momentum emerging towards keeping the promise of the Paris Agreement and securing our future on this planet.

Together with the delivery of the $100 billion of climate financing to countries most in need, these will be deliverables for the climate negotiations when they resume at COP 26 in Glasgow next November.

  • NET ZERO EMISSION : Five years after the signing of the Paris Agreement, it is more important than ever that the international community comes forward with clear strategies for net-zero emissions and to enhance the global level of ambition for 2030.

      IASbhai Windup: 

  • BUILD BACK BETTER : Our global, regional, national, local and individual recovery plans are an opportunity to ‘build back better’.
  • SECURING FUTURE : We owe it to the next generation who will have to bear the burden of climate change and pay off the debt of the recovery.

Good public policies are indispensable but not sufficient

  • INDIVIDUAL ACTIONS : We will also need to foster small individual actions to attain a big collective impact.

With climate neutrality as our goal, the world should mobilise its best scientists, business people, policymakers, academics, civil society actors and citizens to protect together something we all share beyond borders and species: our planet.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | 5th Anniversary of Paris Agreement | UPSC

 

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