56th Raising Day : Border Security Force (BSF) 2020 | UPSC

56th Raising Day : Border Security Force (BSF) 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Nityanand Rai took the salute of the Border Security Force Raising Day Parade-2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

  • MoS (Home) said brave personnel of BSF are protecting the borders of the country with full vigour despite tough terrain and adverse conditions
  • Lauding the women contingent participating in the parade, Shri Rai said it is reassuring to see increasing participation of women power in the security of the country
MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Home Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Defence  : BSF

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS got through the motto , objectives of BSF and the organisation . Do not forget the ministry .

For MAINS can you recollect 10 points to modernise BSF ? Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

56TH RAISING DAY : BORDER SECURITY FORCE (BSF)

  • The Border Security Force (BSF) is celebrating its 56thRaising Day .

 Border Security Force (BSF) 2020

SOURCES : PIB

  • The Minister of State paid homage to the immortal border guards at the martyrs memorial of BSF.

He presented the ‘Police Medal for Gallantry‘ and ‘President’s Police Medal for Distinguished Service‘ to BSF personnel.

  • Shri Nityanand Rai also released the BSF’s annual e-magazineBorderman“.

BORDER SECURITY FORCE

The BSF is the world’s largest border guarding force securing the 6,386.36 kms long International Borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh.

  • During peacetime BSF is charged with preventing transnational crime.

MOTTO

On the occasion of its Raising Day, the Border Security Force reiterates its commitment to the nation and its motto ‘lifelong duty’. 

HEADQUARTERS

  • The Border Security Force has its headquarters at New Delhi.
  • It is also known as Force Headquarters (FHQ) headed by a Director General.

OBJECTIVE

DURING PEACETIME

  • Border Guard and security.
  • Prevention trans-border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory of India.
  • Prevention of smuggling and any other illegal activities on the Border.
  • Anti-infiltration duties.
  • Collection trans-border intelligence.
  • To promote a sense of security among the people living in the border areas.

DURING WAR TIME

  • Holding ground in assigned sectors.
  • Limited aggressive action against irregular forces of the enemy.
  • Maintenance of Law and Order in enemy territory administered under the Army’s control.
  • Acting as guides to the Army in border areas.
  • Assistance in control of refugees.
  • Provision of escorts.
  • Performing special tasks connected with intelligence including cross-border raids

56th Raising Day : Border Security Force (BSF) 2020 | UPSC

ORGANISATION

BSF is the only Central Armed Police force to have its own Air Wing and artillery regiment, and besides ITBP to have a Water Wing

  • All these specialized wings support the Infantry Battalions in their operations.
  • The Financial Adviser of the BSF has been an Indian Revenue Service officer of the rank of Joint Secretary .
  • BSF also has Dy Advisers from the Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Indian Civil Account Service and Indian Defence Account Service.
  • The BSF also has a national level school for breeding and training of dogs.

Dogs from other central armed forces and State Police are sent to National Training Centre for Dogs (NTCD) to be trained in infantry patrol, detection of explosives etc.

  • The BSF maintains a Tear Smoke Unit (TSU), which is unique in India.
  • The TSU is responsible for producing tear gas munitions required for the Anti-Riot Forces like the RAF.

BSF AND NDRF

  • Three battalions of the BSF, located at Kolkata, Guwahati, and Patna, are designated as the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF).
  • Each battalion maintains 18 self-contained specialist search and rescue teams of 45 personnel each.
  • This includes engineers, technicians, electricians, dog squads and medics and paramedics.
  • The establishment of each battalion is 1,158 personnel.

The NDRF is a multi-disciplinary, multi-skilled, high-tech force for all types of disasters and can deploy to disasters by air, sea, and land.
 

  • These battalions are equipped and trained for all natural disasters including combating Chemical, Biological Radiological, Nuclear (CBRN) disasters.

BACKGROUND

  • Since independence, the protection of India’s international boundaries was the responsibility of local police belonging to each border state.
  • It was supported from the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and other inter-state authorities.
  • However, during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Pakistan attacked Sardar Post, Chhar Bet, and Beria Bet on 9 April 1965 in Kutch.

This attack exposed the inadequacy of the State Armed Police to cope with armed aggression.

  • So after the end of the war, the government created the Border Security Force as a unified central agency.
  • This act brought greater cohesion in border security.
  • K F Rustamji, from the Indian Police Service, was the first Director General of BSF.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • In 1990s, the BSF was given the task in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations in Jammu And Kashmir, Punjab, and in the Seven Sister States.

BSF took Part in operations like Blue Star, Black Thunder 1 & 2 till 1989.

  • In 1989, the BSF handover the Counter Insurgency Operations to CRPF and Punjab Police .
     SOURCES:   PIB  | 56th Raising Day : Border Security Force (BSF) 2020 | UPSC

 

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