4th India Agricultural Outlook Forum 2020 | UPSC

4th India Agricultural Outlook Forum 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Two-day ‘4th India Agricultural Outlook Forum 2020’ webinar inaugurated

      WHY IN NEWS:

  • Union Minister of State for Agriculture Shri Parshottam Rupala congratulates farmers and other stakeholders for their commitment to the agriculture sector.
  • This year agricultural sector recorded 3.4% growth during the first quarter of 2020-21.
MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Agriculture

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS note down the implementation and factual data you find in this article .

For MAINS keep an eye on key areas , issues and the topics of deliberations. Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

The two-day ‘4th India Agricultural Outlook Forum 2020’ webinar started in Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi today.

INDIA AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK FORUM 2020

  • Agriculture sector has emerged as the star performer in India’s pandemic-hit economy.
  • The efforts of the Ministry of Agriculture are commendable for organizing the ‘4th Indian Agricultural Outlook Forum 2020’ at this crucial time.

AIM

The deliberations mainly focused on key challenges and opportunities before the agricultural sector.

KEY AREAS

The Government’s main objective is to strengthen all activities and services in agriculture

  • Horticulture and allied sectors through creation and development of agriculture infrastructure
  • Micro food enterprises

Value chains and logistics for fishery and animal husbandry

  • Medicinal and herbal plants
  • Bee keeping.

FOCUS

The focus was mainly on:

  • Farm revenue and sustainability
  • Role of innovative technology
  • Use of big data in agriculture
  • Strengthening of crop estimation systems.
  • Universal Basic Income for Farmers.

ISSUES

  • Current national and international agricultural economic situation dictated by the pandemic
  • Game-changer farm sector initiatives

Converging Indian agriculture with global commitments on sustainable and inclusive farm growth

  • Decoding agri-tech potential
  • Exploring new channels for rationalising cost structure of Govt. procurement agencies
  • Capacity building for employment opportunities.

PARTICIPANTS

  • The forum is being virtually attended by the officials from centre and state governments
  • National and international agriculture research institutes
  • Chief Economist USDA
  • Delegation from foreign embassies
  • International organisations like FAO, EU and OECD
  • Scientists from ICAR, representatives from agro-Industries, business and farmers associations.

IMPLEMENTATION

The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) has been organizing the ‘India Agricultural Outlook Forum’ since 2017.

FIRST EDITION

  • The 1st Agricultural Outlook Forum was organized in August 2017 .
  • It was in collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

DELIBERATIONS

The Forum deliberated on long-term demand and supply projections of agricultural commodities for India prepared by NITI Aayog.

  • Also , the forum deliberates on Global Agriculture Outlook prepared by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

The other major issues addressed in the Forum include:

  • Regulatory issues in agriculture,
  • Need for innovative farm technology and management
  • Challenges in water management and agricultural insurance,
  • Crop residue management
  • Agricultural trade, etc.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • The Forum has over time emerged as an important platform for having updates on global and national agricultural outlook.

It has gained deeper insights into national and international agricultural issues.

  • The forum has been developing more dynamic agricultural policy regime through sharing of experiences and best practices.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • A great outlook for agriculture sector for the current agricultural year with record sowing level and focus on pulses and oilseeds.

The forum’s deliberations would help in bringing out necessary policy inputs for future.

  • Experts from various countries and International Organizations actively participated in the deliberations of the Forum.
  • The forum would deliberate on major agricultural reforms initiated by the Government of India for better managing farm sector to ensure growth with stability and equity.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 4th India Agricultural Outlook Forum 2020 | UPSC

 

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