Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

“Limitations live only in our minds.But if we use our imaginations, our possibilities become limitless.” – Jamie Paolinetti

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2021

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

NFAI and FFSI : Online Film Course

      HEADLINES:

NFAI and FFSI Conducts Online Film Appreciation Course in Marathi

      WHY IN NEWS:

Course to be held online from November 1 to November 7

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Information & Broadcasting
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Films

      ISSUE: 

National Film Archive of India is organising 15th edition of Film Appreciation Course in Marathi along with Federation of Film Society of India (FFSI)

FILM APPRECIATION COURSE

  • The course is to be held online for the first time from November 1 to November 7, owing to the current situation of COVID Pandemic.

Film literacy is important to create an intelligent audience.

  • Cinema is an effective medium for communication between time and space.
  • Man understands visual language before he understands the language of words.
  • A child learns to mimic through visual perception.
  • This unique film course in Marathi focuses on the importance of knowledge of film language and grammar.

NATIONAL FILM ARCHIVE OF INDIA (NFAI)

  • The Ministry of Information & Broadcasting has set up National Film Archive of India (NFAI) in 1964 .
  • The primary objective was of acquiring and preserving Indian cinematic heritage.
  • This includes preservation of film and non-film material including but not limited to celluloid, stills, glass slides, posters, lobby cards, scripts and song booklets.
  • NFAI is the national custodian for preservation of audio visual heritage.

NFAI is committed to acquisition, preservation, restoration and dissemination of India’s socio-cultural heritage.

  • NFAI often collaborates with national and international institutes to promote Indian cinema .

OBJECTIVES

Its three principal objectives are: to trace, acquire and preserve for posterity the heritage of Indian cinema;

  • To classify films.
  • To document data and undertake research relating to films.
  • To act as a centre for the dissemination of film culture.

HEADQUARTERS

  • Pune , Maharashtra.

ORGANIZATION

  • NFAI has three regional offices at Bangalore, Calcutta and Thiruvananthapuram.
  • NFAI’s activities relating to dissemination of film culture are manifold.
  • Its Distribution Library organises joint screening programmes on weekly, fortnightly and monthly basis in six important centres.

It has over 10,000 films, over 10,000 books, over 10,000 film scripts, and over 50,000 photographs.

  • Another important programme is the film teaching scheme comprising long and short term Film Appreciation courses conducted in collaboration with the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) .
  • The NFAI’s archive keeps a stock of films, video cassettes, DVDs, books, posters, stills, press clippings, slides, audio CDs, and disc records of Indian cinema dating back to the 1910s

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Although technology has changed rapidly over the last 20 years, the language of film has not changed, we also need to be literate in this medium.

     SOURCES:  PIB  | 3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Sports Authority of India (SAI)

      HEADLINES:

Union Sports Minister Shri Kiren Rijiju inaugurates SAI Regional Centre in Zirakpur, says aim is to build more world-class training facilities across India

      WHY IN NEWS:

During the event,Shri Rijiju congratulated the coaches and athletes who would be training at the new centre.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Sports

      ISSUE: 

Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Shri Kiren Rijiju virtually inaugurated Sports Authority of India’s (SAI) new Regional Centre in Zirakpur

  • Punjab today which will now act as one of the main SAI centres for the northern belt of India.
  • The aim of building world-class sporting facilities in India.

SPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA

  • The Sports Authority of India (SAI) is a successor organization of the IXth Asian Games held in New Delhi in 1982.
  • It was set up as a Society registered of Societies Act, 1860 on 25th January 1984.
  • It us under aegis of Department of Sports, Govt. of India with the objective of promotion of Sports and Games .

OBJECTIVE

  • Talent Scouting  at micro level & Nurturing talent towards excellence
  • Training & International Exposure
  • Support Training with Scientific & Sports  Equipment and scientific  personnel
  • Monitor and enhance Performance with a scientific evaluation system

Training and preparation of National teams

  • Sports Infrastructure Development & Maintenance
  • Maintenance and up gradation of 4 stadia complexes and a shooting range in Delhi.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

To produce coaches and physical educationists of high caliber in  different disciplines we need world class infrastructure too .

     SOURCES:  PIB | 3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Star Campaigner

      HEADLINES:

SC stays EC order revoking ‘Star Campaigner’ status of Nath

      WHY IN NEWS:

Who gives you the power to determine who is the leader of the party, asks CJI

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : RPA : Election Commission

      ISSUE: 

The Supreme Court on Monday stayed the October 30 order of the Election Commission (EC) revoking the ‘star campaigner’ status of former Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Kamal Nath.

  • On October 30, the EC found Mr. Nath guilty of violating the model code of conduct in place for the byelections.
  • The EC revoked his name on the basis of a complaint .

3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

THE VERDICT

Chief Justice of India Sharad A. Bobde, heading a three-judge Bench, said the Commission had no power to determine who should be the ‘star campaigner’ of a political party.

VERDICT
Who gives you the power to determine who is the leader of the party…We are staying this order.

RPA 1951 and STAR CAMPAIGNERS

  • Section 77(1) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 read with Guidelines for Star Campaigners issued by the Election Commission.
  • The Election Commission from time to time, makes selection/revocation of ‘star campaigners’ the sole prerogative of the political party.

STAR CAMPAIGNERS

  • They can be described as persons who are nominated by parties to campaign in a given set of Constituencies. 
  • These persons are, in almost all cases, prominent and popular faces within the Party.

Actors, celebrities and senior political party members are the ones who are nominated to be star campaigners.

  • However, there are no specific definitions according to law or the Election Commission of India.

BENEFITS

  • The expenditure incurred on campaigning by such campaigners is exempt from being added to the election expenditure of a candidate.

However, this only applies when a star campaigner limits herself to a general campaign for the political party she represents.

  • Recently, the Election Commission has revised norms for star campaigners for polls during the pandemic.

REVISED NORMS

  1. Maximum number of star campaigners reduced from 40 to 30 for a recognised party.
  2. For unrecognised registered parties, the number of star campaigners has been reduced from 20 to 15.
  3. Besides, they now require permission from the district election official 48 hours prior to campaigning.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The court should frame appropriate guidelines for speeches during campaigning by star campaigners/ campaigners.

  • Keeping in mind the right to freedom of speech and expression and concept of democratic elections.
  • The revocation of his name from the ‘star campaigner’ list impeded “the principle of free and fair and level playing field in elections.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Customs duty

      HEADLINES:

‘Customs duty: Need judicious use, has to be phased out slowly’

      WHY IN NEWS:

This marks a departure from the earlier stance as the government has progressively raised import duties for a number of manufactured products including television, mobiles and household appliances over the last six years.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Economy : Taxation

      ISSUE: 

The government proposes to slowly phase out the hike in Customs duties levied earlier for protection of domestic manufacturing.

 WHAT IS A DUTY ?

A duty is a form of taxation levied on certain goods, services, or other transactions that are imported and exported.

  • Duty rates are a percentage determined by the total value of the goods paid for in another country.
  • Duties provide a form of commerce protection for jobs, the economy, environment, and other interests by controlling the influx and outflow of merchandise.
  • A duty may also be someone’s moral or fiduciary responsibility.

 HIKE IN CUSTOM DUTY

  • High, arbitrary Customs duty rates breed inefficiencies and there is a need to have “judicious use” of Customs duty.
  • Having arbitrary high Customs duty breeds inefficiencies and the consumers as well domestic manufacturing suffer.
  • After 2004, India saw rapid reduction in AHS Weighted Average (%) across all product categories.

Despite the reduced tariffs, India has one of the highest weighted average tariffs in the world of manufacturers, comprising both consumer and capital goods.

  • During 2004-2017, India’s share in global manufacturing increased by 1.5 percentage points, while China gained a 18 per cent share.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • What is required is a reasonable amount of Customs duty for a level playing field, and it has to also be phased out slowly once a sector has developed.
  • State Bank of India also stated that the country needs to focus more on increasing productivity and less on import tariffs in its quest for Atmanirbhar Bharat.
     SOURCES:  THE IE | 3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

India-Australia Relations

      HEADLINES:

Strategic Partnership will aid smooth work in the event of regional crisis’

      WHY IN NEWS:

Artificial Intelligence, 5G, rare earth products, ground station tracking facilities to support Gaganyaan are among the areas covered 

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      ISSUE: 

Key Points taken from Australian High Commissioner to India Barry O’Farrell’s Interview.

KEY POINTS

  • Malabar will demonstrate the ability of our Navies to work through exercises, warfare serials and the like with the Navies of India, Australia, the U.S. and Japan.
  • That is important because, were there to be a regional crisis, like a natural or humanitarian disaster, the ability to work smoothly with partners is critical.

COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP

  • As part of the CSP, there were agreements in relation to critical technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, quantum computing, and 5G technology.
  • India-Australia recognise the opportunities they present to people, to businesses and to the broader economy.
  • The fact that they should be guarded by international standards to ensure they do not present risks, to security or prosperity.

The Australia-India framework Arrangements on Cyber and Cyber Enabled Critical Technology cooperation will enhance bilateral cooperation.

  • It provides a programme of ₹66 crore over four years for an Australia-India cyber and critical technology partnership.
  • This is to support research by institutions in both Australia and between institutions in Australia and India.

MANUFACTURING SECTOR

  • Australia potentially sees an opportunity for us to provide elements into India’s efforts to improve its manufacturing, defence and electric vehicle and energy mission projects.
  • Given the investments made by India under its national quantum mission and the aspiration here to build more infrastructure and experimental facilities.

Australia is already contributing to India’s national quantum mission by facilitating partnerships with universities, research institutions and businesses.

  • That includes one of the best relationships we have with India, which is the Australian India Strategic Research Fund, which has been going for over 20 years.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Australia and India have been cooperating together as countries since 1987 and there is a strong engagement between ISRO and Australian agencies.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Gilgit-Baltistan to be a full province

      HEADLINES:

Gilgit-Baltistan to be a full province: Pak.

      WHY IN NEWS:

No timeline for the move
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      ISSUE: 

Prime Minister Imran Khan has angered India after declaring that part of the contested Kashmir region will provisionally become a full province of Pakistan.

  • Pakistan has administered the area now known as Gilgit-Baltistan since shortly after the country’s birth in 1947.
  • New Delhi asserts the mountainous territory bordering China and Afghanistan is an integral part of Kashmir.

‘ILLEGAL OCCUPATION’

  • New Delhi condemned announcement, saying it would “bring material changes to a part of Indian territory”.
  • Such attempts by Pakistan, intended to camouflage its illegal occupation exploitation and denial of freedom for over seven decades to the people of POK.

THE GILGIT-BALTISTAN ISSUE

BACKGROUND

  • The Northern Areas is the other name of Gilgit-Baltistan that Pakistan has used for administrative reasons because it was a disputed territory.
  • But that is likely to change as an assembly election on November 15.
  • This will pave the way for fuller political rights for the roughly 1.2 million residents of the region.

The region will become the fifth State of Pakistan after Sindh, Punjab, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

  • The political nature of Gilgit-Baltistan has been directionless from the beginning.

POST INDEPENDENCE SCENARIO

  • Pakistan initially governed Gilgit-Baltistan directly from the central authority after it was separated from ‘Azad Jammu and Kashmir’ on April 28, 1949.

Gilgit-Baltistan Issue | UPSC

SOURCES : INDIAN DEFENCE REVIEW

  • On March 2, 1963, Pakistan gave away 5,180 sq km of the region to China, despite local protests.
  • Under Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the name of the region was changed to the Federally Administered Northern Areas.

Now, the region is set to become Pakistan’s fifth state.

  • Seven decades after it took control of the region, Pakistan is moving to grant full statehood to Gilgit-Baltistan.
  • This region appears as the northernmost part of the country in its official map.

ADMINISTRATION

  • The scenic region was part of the erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir and is claimed by India.

During the first Indo-Pak war of October 1947, Pakistan occupied 78,114 sq km of the land of Jammu and Kashmir, including the ‘Northern Areas’.

  • Pakistan initially governed the region directly from the central authority after it was separated from ‘Azad Jammu and Kashmir’ on April 28, 1949.
  • On March 2, 1963, Pakistan gave away 5,180 sq km of the region to China, despite local protests.
  • Under Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the name of the region was changed to the Federally Administered Northern Areas (FANA).

SELF-RULE
Pakistan passed the Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self Governance Order in 2009, which granted “self-rule” to the ‘Northern Areas’.

  • There were protests in the area at that time from people who demanded an executive form of government based on international resolutions.
  • The local situation altered considerably with Pakistan signing an agreement with China for mega infrastructure and hydel power projects in September 2009.
  • With the agreements arrived Chinese investments and heavy machinery, which found both support and opposition from the locals.

On January 17, 2019, a seven-judge bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, took up the constitutional status of Gilgit-Baltistan.

  • The purpose of the court’s intervention was to determine the extent of political rights that could be enjoyed by the people of the ‘Northern Areas’.

DE FACTO STATUS

Over the years, the region has acquired a government and a council.

  • This gave it a de facto status of a province of Pakistan.
  • Nevertheless , the constitutional status of the region remained vague without explicit statehood.
  • The Supreme Court allowed Islamabad to amend a 2018 administrative order to hold general elections in the region.
  • The Gilgit-Baltistan Order of 2018 provided for administrative changes.
  • These administrative changes included empowering the Prime Minister of Pakistan to legislate on an array of subjects.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The ongoing stand-off with China at the Line of Actual Control in Eastern Ladakh has a Gilgit-Baltistan connection.

The Darbuk-Shyok-DBO road of India is viewed as a tactical roadway to access the Karakoram Pass.

  • DBO road provides China crucial access to Gilgit-Baltistan and Pakistan.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Election Day knowledge

      HEADLINES:

US Election 2020: Here’s your essential Election Day knowledge

      WHY IN NEWS:

Counting of votes has begun !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Elections

      ISSUE: 

Things to know before the result are here. 

WHEN DO THE POLLS OPEN AND CLOSE?

It varies from state to state.

  • The earliest they open is 6 am, and the latest the close is 9 pm local time on November 3.
  • However, early voting has been open since mid-September — and by Monday night India time, over 96 million Americans had already cast their votes, either in person or by returned mail ballots.

WHEN WILL THE VOTES BE COUNTED?

  • Unlike India’s Election Commission, there is no federal body in the US that runs the election or tallies the results.
  • Each state runs the election according to its own rules.

Although most states allow electronic methods, paper ballots are the norm across the country.

  • Ahead of counting comes a stage called processing, which involves checking signatures, verifying documentation, and perhaps even scanning the ballots.
  • Counting votes is a separate, and later, process.
  • Each state has its own date for starting in-person or mail-in voting, deadline for receiving the mail-in ballots, processing the ballots, and tabulating votes.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

HOW AND WHEN WILL WE KNOW THE WINNER?

  • The count is not officially finalised for weeks — in 2016, it took until December.
  • The projections are not usually contested, and the candidate projected to have lost concedes the election.
  • This year, given the pandemic and the huge volumes of mail-in ballots, there is widespread apprehension that a clear winner will not emerge on November 3 or even the day after — unless any one candidate wins in a landslide.
SUGGESTED READING : USA ELECTIONS 
     SOURCES:  THE IE  | 3rd Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

 

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