3rd Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3) 2021 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

India participates in the 3rd Arctic Science Ministerial; shares plans for research and long-term cooperation in the Arctic

      WHY IN NEWS:

India is participating in the 3rd Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3) – the global platform for discussing research and cooperation in the Arctic region (8-9 May, 2021).

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Earth Science
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Geography : Earth Science

      ISSUE: 

3RD ARCTIC SCIENCE MINISTERIAL (ASM3) 2021

OVERVIEW

  • India shared its plans to contribute observing systems in the Arctic, both in-situ and by remote sensing.
  • India would deploy open ocean mooring in the Arctic for long-term monitoring of upper ocean variables and marine meteorological parameters.

3rd Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3) 2021

SOURCES : www.arcticscienceministerial.org

  • The launch of NISER (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) satellite mission, in collaboration with the USA, is underway.

NISER aims to conduct global measurements of the cause and consequences of land surface changes using advanced radar imaging.

  • India’s contributions to the Sustained Arctic Observational Network (SAON) would continue.
  • The meeting is designed to provide opportunities to various stakeholders, including academia, indigenous communities, governments and policymakers, to enhance collective understanding of the Arctic region, emphasize and engage in constant monitoring, and strengthen observations.

MEETINGS

  • The First Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM1) was hosted by the United States in 2016, and two years later, the Second Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM2) was co-hosted by Germany, Finland, and the European Commission.

The Third Arctic Science Ministerial will be co-hosted by Iceland and Japan and take place on the 8th and 9th of May 2021 in Tokyo, Japan.

DATE AND VENUE

  • The Third Arctic Science Ministerial will be held in Tokyo, Japan, on the 8th and 9th of May 2021.
  • The venue for the Ministerial is Toranomon Hills  in central Tokyo.
  • In conjunction with the Ministerial, the Arctic Circle Japan Forum will take place at the same venue from 07-10 May 2021.

THEME 2021

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Arctic warming and its ice melt are global concerns as they play a pivotal role in regulating climate, sea levels, and maintaining biodiversity.
  • Moreover, there is growing evidence of connection between the Arctic and the Indian Ocean (which modulates the Indian monsoon).

Hence, improving the understanding of physical processes and quantifying the impact of Arctic ice melt on the Indian summer monsoon is very important.

STATUS
Since 2013, India enjoys ‘Observer’ status in the Arctic Council with twelve other countries (Japan, China, France, Germany, UK, Italy, Switzerland, Poland, Spain, Netherlands, Singapore, and South Korea).

AGENDA

  • The Arctic Council is a high-level intergovernmental forum to promote cooperation, coordination, and interaction towards sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic.
  • As part of the Arctic Council, India contributes to the international deliberations to develop effective cooperative partnerships towards a safe, stable, and secure Arctic.

RATIONALE

  • ASM3 aims to use the well-established foundation of the Ministerial as a means to take action on coordinated Arctic observing and research in an open and transparent format which includes all Arctic stakeholders.
  • The involvement of States, Indigenous participants, and international organizations for Arctic research shows a broad recognition at the government level of the urgent response and action needed.

The importance of coming together to develop and strengthen Arctic research cooperation and collaboration is essential.

  • A vital element of ASM3 is the development of education and capacity building for future generations, with an emphasis on both scientific and local knowledge in Arctic and non-Arctic States.
  • This is important because scientific progress depends on a healthy, multi-generational scientific community in which the best minds receive the training and mentorship they need to contribute to knowledge creation.
  • It is necessary to find avenues for making Arctic science research inclusive and engaging for the next generation, for whom global climate change will impact most.

INDIA AND ARCTIC

  • India’s engagement with the Arctic dates back to 1920 with the signing of the Svalbard Treaty in Paris.

  • It has also deployed a multi-sensor moored observatory called IndARC in the Kongsfjorden fjord since July 2014.
  • The research in the Arctic region from India is coordinated, conducted, and promoted by the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Goa, under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India.

Background

  • Since the last Arctic Science Ministerial in 2018, changes in the Arctic ecosystem and the resulting impacts locally and globally have been severely felt. 
  • While the reasons for these changes in climate largely stem from activities outside of the Arctic, the Arctic is warming at a rate of nearly double the global average.

  •  It is necessary to strengthen scientific cooperation and collaboration among both Arctic and non-Arctic States in order to develop our understanding of the rapid changes impacting the Arctic.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • India may be given an opportunity to host the next or future ASM.
  • Union Minister of Science and Technology, Health and Family Welfare, and Earth Sciences, shared India’s vision and long-term plans for research, work, and cooperation in the Arctic region with the stakeholders.
  • India would continue to play a positive role in deepening shared understanding of the Arctic through observation, research, capacity building, as well in promoting sustainable development of the region through international cooperation.

SUGGESTED READING :  https://www.arcticscienceministerial.org/en/

     SOURCES:  PIB   | 3rd Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3) 2021

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