Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 | 2nd July 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t understand it well enough.” –Albert Einstein


ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :


Jharkhand’s Sahiyas


Jharkhand’s Sahiyas: An inspiration to Community Health Workers everywhere

      WHY IN NEWS:

About 42,000 Sahiyas took part in Intensive Public Health Survey to identify COVID-19 high risk population

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases


The ASHAs in Jharkhand, known as “Sahiyas”, have been supporting delivery of health care services to the last mile, especially in the tribal areas.


  • The State has about 42,000 Sahiyas, supported by 2260 Sahiya Sathis (ASHA facilitators), 582 block trainers, 24 district community mobilizers and a State level community processes resource centre.
  • Sahiyas have been widely acknowledged for their commitment and agency in enabling access to health care, even in the hard to reach and remote tribal areas.
  • Sahiyas have been actively engaged in various activities related to COVID-19 since March 2020, such as creating awareness about preventive measures of COVID-19 like frequent hand washing with soap and water, use of masks/face covers when stepping out in public spaces, following proper etiquette while coughing and sneezing, etc.
  • They are also involved in contact tracing, line listing and follow up of the COVID-19 cases.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Sahiyas carried out multiple tasks (such as counselling for ANC/PNC, home based new-born care, home-based care of the young child, follow-up of those on treatment with chronic diseases), during their household visits, reducing the need to undertake multiple visits to the same household for different activities.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Diana Award


Waste recycling app fetches Diana Award for 13-year-old Delhi girl

      WHY IN NEWS:

Freya Thakral a 13-year-old student of the British School, New Delhi, has been named among the recipients of the 2020 Diana Award, which recognises young changemakers across the world.



Freya Thakral’s Recycler App provides users a door-to-door pick up service for recyclable waste  

Diana Award

Freya Thakral started advocating for a sustainable method of recycling after speaking to the underpaid and marginalised rubbish-pickers in New Delhi. Freya Thakral started advocating for a sustainable method of recycling after speaking to the underpaid and marginalised rubbish-pickers in New Delhi.
  • Thakral has been chosen for her Recycler App, a web-based mobile application to connect users with waste-handlers.
  • The door-to-door pick up service helps in easy disposal of recyclable waste for those who may not have the means or time to travel to drop their waste.
  • The app also claims to be helpful for waste handlers, whose earnings are usually low and are vulnerable to health issues because of improper handling of waste.


  • The award is given out by a charity established in memory of the deceased Princess of Wales, who succumbed to her injuries in a car accident in 1997.

  The award is considered to be the highest accolade a young person can achieve for social action or humanitarian efforts.

  • Profiles of aspiring awardees were shared by adult nominators who knew the young changemakers in a professional capacity and recognised their efforts as a positive contribution to society.

They had to demonstrate the nominee’s impact in five key areas:

  1. Vision
  2. Social impact
  3. Capacity to inspire
  4. Youth leadership
  5. Service journey
  • There are 13 Diana Award judging panels representing each region or nation of the United Kingdoms; and three panels representing countries outside.
  • Each panel comprise three judges — a young person, an education or youth work professional and a business or government representative.
  • Nominations are judged according to criteria and scoring guides that have been created to measure the quality of youth social action.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The teenager’s work on sustainable recycling is a valuable contribution towards achieving the United Nation-mandated Sustainable Development Goals of poverty alleviation, innovation, infrastructure, responsible consumption and climate action.


Foodgrain scheme meets less


Foodgrain scheme meets less than 15% of target

      WHY IN NEWS:

Goa, Telangana and A.P. did no distribution



The scheme to provide free rations to eight crore migrants under the Aatmanirbhar package reached less than 15% of its target beneficiaries, according to data provided by the Food Ministry  

Foodgrain scheme

  Andhra Pradesh, Goa and Telangana had 0% distribution, and seven States had less than 1%. 

  • The scheme was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in mid-May to support migrant workers without ration cards, but the Centre had left it to the States to identify such people.
  • Overall, foodgrains were distributed to 1.21 crore people in May, 15% of the estimated eight crore beneficiaries.

In June, less than 93 lakh people, approximately 11.6%, received rations.

  • Himachal Pradesh and Haryana distributed more than 50% of their targets, while Punjab, Delhi, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh all crossed the 30% mark.


  • “It turns out that 8 crore was a liberal estimate. So far, 2.13 crore beneficiaries have been covered, but the migrant situation is a dynamic one.”
  • That figure includes beneficiaries covered in May and June; there is no data on the level of overlap, that is, how many individuals received grain in both months.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020


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