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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

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28th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Sandalwood Spike Disease


Sandalwood Spike Disease

      WHY IN NEWS:

India’s sandalwood trees are facing a serious threat due to Sandalwood Spike Disease (SSD).



Sandalwood in Marymoor Sandal Forest of Kerala and various reserve forests in Karnataka, including MM Hills (Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary), are heavily infected with SSD.


  • It is an infectious disease which is caused by phytoplasma.
  • Phytoplasmas are bacterial parasites of plant tissues .

It is transmitted by insect vectors and involved in plant-to-plant transmission.

  • There is no cure as of now for the infection.
  • Presently, there is no option but to cut down and remove the infected tree to prevent the spread of the disease.
  • The disease was first reported in Kodagu, Karnataka in 1899.
  • The present rapid spread of the infection is largely due to restrictions on green felling in forests, which has allowed vectors to spread the disease to healthy trees.
  • Green felling (silviculture felling) is the felling of green trees of one or more types.
  • Silviculture is the art and science of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests and woodlands to meet the diverse needs and values of landowners and society.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • More than a million sandalwood trees were removed in the Kodagu and Mysore region between 1903 and 1916.
  • About 1% to 5% of sandalwood trees lost every year due to the disease.
  • Scientists warn that it could wipe out the entire natural population if measures are not taken to prevent its spread.
  • Another concern is, any delay in arresting the trend may result in the disease spreading to cultivated sandalwood trees.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 28th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Guidelines on sale of loose sweets


Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has released guidelines on sale of loose sweets.

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Adulteration : Food Safety


The container/tray holding sweets at the outlet for sale should display the ‘Best Before Date’ of the product mandatorily with effect from October 1, 2020.

  • The food business operators (FBOs) might also display the date of manufacturing. It is not mandatory however.

The FBOs shall decide and display the ‘Best Before Date’ of sweets depending on the nature of the products and the local conditions.

  • Food safety commissioners should ensure compliance.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 


  • The decision was based on various complaints about the quality and adulteration of sweets, mostly during festive season.
  • This regulation will help to ensure that the consumers are purchasing fresh products.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 28th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

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