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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

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ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 28th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

DGNCC Mobile Training App


Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh launches mobile App for NCC Training

      WHY IN NEWS:

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh launched the Directorate General National Cadet Corps (DGNCC) Mobile Training App

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Recent Developments


In view of the restrictions imposed by COVID-19, training of NCC cadets has been affected adversely as it is mostly contact based training.


  • Since schools/colleges are not likely to open in near future, a need was felt that training to NCC cadets should be imparted utilising the digital medium.

The App will assist in conducting countrywide online training of NCC cadets.


  • The DGNCC Mobile Training App aims at providing NCC cadets entire training material (syllabus, précis, training videos and frequently asked questions) on one platform.

The App has been made interactive by including a query option.

  • By using this option, a cadet can post his question related to the training syllabus and the same will be answered by a panel of qualified instructors.
  • This App will certainly be a positive step towards automation of NCC training.


The app will be useful to them in digital learning .

  • This will overcoming the difficulties posed by COVID-19 due to restrictions on direct physical interactions.
  • But if one moves ahead with determination and self-confidence, he or she would be able to clear all hurdles and achieve success.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

In line with Digital India vision of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and will go a long way in assisting the NCC cadets in easier access to training material in these testing times of pandemic.

     SOURCES: PIB | 28th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

New Protein- OSCA1.3


New discovery of protein in plants’ immune systems can help create superior crops, boost agriculture

      WHY IN NEWS:

A known immune system protein triggered this process as well, said the study published in journal Nature August 26, 2020.



A flood of calcium surrounds plants’ stomata triggering them to close and resist pathogens; exactly how calcium entered cells remained unclear until now


28th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

  • A new discovery related to plants’ defence mechanisms against pathogens has the potential to pave the way for healthier, more resistant and productive crops.
  • Plants have a unique ability to safeguard themselves against pathogens and resist infection.
  • A flood of calcium surrounds their pores — or stomata — triggering them to close.

This much was known by scientists, but it was unclear exactly how calcium would enter the plant cells.

  • A study by an international team of scientists — including those from the University of Maryland (UMD), United States — claimed this to be the work of a protein called OSCA1.3 that formed a channel leaking calcium to the cells.


  • The molecular mechanism behind one of the first and most relevant signals for plant immune response to pathogens is the calcium burst after infection.

The stomata are encircled by two guard cells that respond to the calcium signals telling them to either expand or contract. 

  • Thus triggering innate immune signals and initiating the plants’ defense response.
  • The calcium could not directly pass through guard cell membranes.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • This is a major advance, because a substantial part of the world’s food generated by agriculture is lost to pathogens.
  • This research will aim to determine how calcium was appropriated through evolution by all living organisms as a signaling device for information about stressors ranging from infections to climate change.
     SOURCES: PIB | 28th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

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