IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB: 21st OCTOBER 2019

Sveriges Riksbank Prize

       HEADLINE:  

Govt. should reverse cuts on corporate taxes: Abhijit Banerjee

Money saved could be used to expand PM KISAN

       WHY IN NEWS?  

Dr. Banerjee, who, along with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer, was awarded the 2019 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, popularly called the Nobel Prize in Economics

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 1;2;Awards;Schemes and Policies;

       LEARNING:  

The controversy here is of no use unless you stress on the prime topics.

For PRELIMS you need to concentrate on PM KISAN as well as Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Science ;

For MAINS you have to look for merits and demerits of PM KISAN etc.

       ISSUE:

PM- KISAN Scheme

  • PM KISAN is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India
  • It has become operational from 1.12.2018.
  • Under the scheme an income support of Rs.6000/- per year in three equal instalments will be provided to small and marginal farmer families having combined land holding/ownership of up-to 2 hectares
  • Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children.
  • State Government and UT Administration will identify the farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme guidelines.
  • The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.
  • The first instalment for the period 1.12.2018 to 31.03.2019 is to be provided in this financial year itself.
  • There are various Exclusion Categories for the scheme.

 

The following categories of beneficiaries of higher economic status shall not be eligible for benefit under the scheme.

  • All Institutional Land holders.
  • Former and present holders of constitutional posts
  • Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers and former/present Members of LokSabha/ RajyaSabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils,former and present Mayors of Municipal Corporations, former and present Chairpersons of District Panchayats.
  • All serving or retired officers and employees of Central/ State Government Ministries /Offices/Departments and its field units Central or State PSEs and Attached offices /Autonomous Institutions under Government as well as regular employees of the Local Bodies
    (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff /Class IV/Group D employees)
  • All superannuated/retired pensioners whose monthly pension is Rs.10,000/-or more
    (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff / Class IV/Group D employees) of above category
  •  All Persons who paid Income Tax in last assessment year
  • Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and Architects registered with Professional bodies and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.

Let us also study the other part of this issue ;

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel

  • In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden’s central bank) established the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize.
  • Awarded to 79 Laureates since 1969
  • The Prize is based on a donation received by the Nobel Foundation in 1968 from Sveriges Riksbank on the occasion of the Bank’s 300th anniversary.
  • The first Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969.
  • The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, according to the same principles as for the Nobel Prizes that have been awarded since 1901.
 

        IASbhai Windup:  

Both the issues are of importance , But the idea here is Cash transfers do not solve the following problems which are the reasons for the current agrarian crisis. The Agrarian crisis is not just of low incomes in agriculture. The genesis of the current crisis lies in the faulty and ad hoc export-import policy, lack of infrastructure and cartelisation and collusion in agricultural markets, which have prevented farmers from realising the market prices for agricultural produce.

       SOURCES:    THE HINDU

 


Cyber police stations

       HEADLINE:  

Cyber police stations in T.N. soon

       WHY IN NEWS?  

The government has sanctioned ₹28.97 crore for setting up the stations and labs

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 3: Factors Contributing/Aggravating Rise of Cyber Attack.

       LEARNING:  

For PRELIMS you need to concentrate on CYBER SECURITY act and recent developments

For MAINS you have to look for measures needed to tackle issues like this one could be a wonderful example

       ISSUE: 

  • The TN State will soon have 40 cyber crime police stations and six cyber labs to tackle the increasing number of cyber crimes.
  • The dedicated cyber stations and labs will be equipped with tools to retrieve data, including deleted ones, from mobile phones, SIM cards, laptops and hard disks, software for hacking and surveillance of computer systems.
  • Apart from handling cyber-crime cases, the new cyber infrastructure will aid the police to collect digital evidence necessary for regular crime cases as well.
  • In many crime cases, the investigators have to track mobile phone records, retrieve call data and information from the suspect or victim’s computer to zero in on the accused, a senior police officer said.
  • According to the report, amongst Tier 1 cities, Chennai recorded the highest percentile of cyber attacks with 48% in the first quarter.

        IASbhai Windup:  

Unwanted applications, or forged/duplicate/malicious apps downloaded on Android phones appear to be the most impactful cyber attack tool on Android, with infected apps striking once every three minutes, at the least. Malware, adware and hidden infected apps on the Google Play Store appear to be the biggest cause of concern, according to Quick Heal’s report, giving yet another reason for Google to pay even closer attention to device security.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 


Liver transplant registry

       HEADLINE:  

Liver transplant registry off to a good start

       WHY IN NEWS?  

First of its kind in the country, it has received data of 74 transplants across States

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 4:Medical ethics

       LEARNING:  

For PRELIMS you need to concentrate on just facts related to organ transplant.

For MAINS you have to look for measures needed to address issues at local as well as global level.

       ISSUE: 

Initiated by the Liver Transplantation Society of India, the registry aims to collate national data of the procedures and their outcomes.\

HQ-New Delhi

Governing Council

The Governing Council consists of the LTSI consists of the President, Vice President, General Secretary, Joint Secretary and Treasurer who form the Executive Committee.

No specific data

  • Nearly 2,000 liver transplants are carried out in the country annually, highest in the world, yet there is no India-specific data. This leaves doctors to take help from the evolved U.S. and the U.K. registries.
  • “Hospitals from Delhi NCR, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu have voluntarily reported their transplants to the registry.
  • Dr. Asthana, secretary of the Indian Liver Transplant Registry committee, said the registry would be the largest in the world.
  • “In the U.S. and the U.K., it is mandatory to report all transplants and the outcomes. But that’s not happening here which is why there is lack of Indian data,” Dr. Asthana said.
  • The members of the LTSI had four month-long consultative discussions on various important aspects like patient confidentiality, data sharing techniques, designing a user-friendly interface, etc.

        IASbhai Windup:  

A beta version was first tested before starting the registry. Medical experts say India has a 90% survival rate in liver transplants, but it may vary from hospital to hospital and doctor to doctor.

In the West, organ transplants are highly regulated and permissions are given to hospitals and doctors based on the outcomes, rate of mortality, morbidity etc.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 


 

Petta Thullal

       HEADLINE:  

It’s a green ‘Petta Thullal’ this season

       WHY IN NEWS?  

Colours have been banned by the collector.

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 1:Festivals

       LEARNING:  

For PRELIMS you need to know What is the importance of this festival.

For MAINS you have to look for measures adopted for clean atmosphere are sufficient for dwelling ?

       ISSUE: 

  • Pettathulal, also known as Petta Kettu, is a historic ritualistic dance held annually on 27th Dhanu at Erumely in the district of Kottayam in Kerala.
  • It is performed during the Mandalam – Makaravilakku period (November, December and January) in the presence of thousands of devotees which depicts the joyfulness of people by the slaying of Mahishi by Lord Ayyappa. 
  • Two groups actively participates in the thullal, one from Ambalappuzha and other from Aalangadu. Ambalappuzha group starts their journey to Erumely on 22nd of Dhanu and a couple of days before the thullal.
  • They visits the Manimala Bhagavathy temple on 25th Dhanu and performs an Aazhi pooja.
  • Before the thullal of Ambalappuzha group, a Krishna parunth (sacred eagle) flies round in the sky.
  • It is believed that lord Vishnu himself arrives from Ambalappuzha Sree Krishna temple on his mount Garuda to witness the thullal.
 

        IASbhai Windup:  

“A study by the Kerala State Pollution Control Board (PCB) has pointed to the presence of hazardous metals, including lead, arsenic, and cadmium, in this powder. Besides causing skin troubles, it pollutes the soil and often gets washed into the waterbodies,”

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

Anthrax

       HEADLINE:  

Anthrax scare at Assam’s Pobitora sanctuary after death of 2 buffaloes

       WHY IN NEWS?  

Veterinarians have confirmed anthrax as the cause of death of two Asiatic water buffaloes in central Assam’s Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, which has the highest concentration of one-horned rhinos in the world.

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 3: Internal Security.

       LEARNING:  

For Prelims its important to note where is this Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary and its importance. The other part of this is ANTHRAX

For MAINS, Conservation of biodiversity is important to us .

       ISSUE: 

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is nestled in the grasslands of Assam which is the dwelling place of the Greater Indian One-Horned Rhinoceroses with its highest population in the whole world.
  • It is landlocked by Assamese villages from every side of it with the traditional Assamese culture. 

Indian Rhino in Pobitora.jpg

Anthrax

Overview

  • Anthrax is a rare but serious illness caused by a spore-forming bacterium, Bacillus anthracis.
  • Anthrax mainly affects livestock and wild game.
  • Humans can become infected through direct or indirect contact with sick animals.
  • There’s no evidence that anthrax is transmitted from person to person, but it’s possible that anthrax skin lesions may be contagious through direct contact.
  • Usually, anthrax bacteria enter the body through a wound in the skin. You can also become infected by eating contaminated meat or inhaling the spores.
 

Signs and symptoms:

which depend on how you’re infected, can range from skin sores to vomiting to shock. Prompt treatment with antibiotics can cure most anthrax infections. Inhaled anthrax is more difficult to treat and can be fatal.

As the disease progresses, patients may experience:

  • High fever
  • Trouble breathing
  • Shock
  • Meningitis — a potentially life-threatening inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
  • Redness at the area of injection (without an area that changes to black)
  • Significant swelling

PREVENTION:

  • Avoid contact with livestock and animal skins as much as possible.
  • Avoiding infected animals.
  • Also avoid eating meat that hasn’t been properly cooked.
  • Even in developed countries, it’s important to handle any dead animal with care and to take precautions when working with or processing imported hides, fur or wool.
 

        IASbhai Windup:  

Anthrax, caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, can be fatal for humans who come in contact with the infected animals. It is characterised by blisters around swellings on the skin, chest pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and fever.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 


 

IPC

       HEADLINE:  

Two panels set up to revamp ‘British-era’ IPC

       WHY IN NEWS?  

The Home Ministry is all set to overhaul the Indian Penal Code designed by the British. A senior government official said rebooting the code introduced by the British in 1860 was necessary as it is primarily based on the spirit of “master and servant”.

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 2:Governance

       LEARNING:  

For PRELIMS you need to understand what is IPC and in its historical importance.

For MAINS you have to look for need to amend IPC !

       ISSUE: 

What is IPC ?
  • The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India.
  • It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law.
  • The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay.
  • It came into force in British India during the early British Raj period in 1862.
  • However, it did not apply automatically in the Princely states, which had their own courts and legal systems until the 1940s.
  • The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.
  • After the partition of the British Indian Empire, the Indian Penal Code was inherited by its successor states, the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan, where it continues independently as the Pakistan Penal Code.
  • The Ranbir Penal Code (R.P.C) which is applicable in Jammu and Kashmir is also based on this Code, However, after the successful passage of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019 in the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha respectively, the Ranbir Penal Code will be repealed on 31 October 2019, henceforth the Indian Penal Code will be extended in the region from the aforementioned date.

        IASbhai Windup: 

After the separation of Bangladesh from Pakistan, the code continued in force there. The Code was also adopted by the British colonial authorities in Colonial Burma, Ceylon (modern Sri Lanka), the Straits Settlements (now part of Malaysia), Singapore and Brunei, and remains the basis of the criminal codes in those countries. 

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 


 

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