Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 | 21st July 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“The function of leadership is to produce more leaders, not more followers.” –Ralph Nader


ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

A glass of milk


All about a glass of milk

      WHY IN NEWS:

History of Milk from DownToEarth !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Agriculture


For PRELIMS you have to understand why countries in the tropics consume more milk .

For MAINS have a look at the famous White revolution . Let us dive in !


The white-coloured drink has made an amazing journey in history to earn its part in our daily lives


Milk contains calcium, protein, iodine, potassium, phosphorous and vitamins. But surprisingly, it’s not a compulsory drink for many children across the world. (Image: Wikimedia Commons) Milk contains calcium, protein, iodine, potassium, phosphorous and vitamins. But surprisingly, it’s not a compulsory drink for many children across the world.


Milk is seen as a major source of calcium, protein, iodine, potassium, phosphorous and vitamins such as B2 and B12.   

  • There are countries where the daily consumption of milk is not the norm.
  • Many countries in Asia like Vietnam, Thailand, and Malaysia rarely use milk in their diet even today.
  • It just means that milk is not the preferred form of nutritional diet in these regions.
  • Most of these countries are non-vegetarian and eggs, meat, and fish are their major sources of calcium and protein.


  • The social history of milk in India is related to the domestication of animals — a practice that dates back to the Vedic age (2000 BCE).
  • Before that, milk was not a regular part of the daily diet.
  • Once animals were domesticated, people began to use their milk for drinking.


  • The consumption of milk was accelerated by the processes of colonialism and industrialisation.
  • After India attained independence, the Indian government prioritised industrial growth.
  • This focus on industrialisation led to the milk revolution in the 1970s.

Commonly known as ‘Operation Flood’, it kicked off from Gujarat and up went the production of milk.

  • It made India one of the largest milk-producing countries from being a milk-deficient one.
  • The idea behind the policy was to promote small dairy farmers instead of big corporations.
  • It was drawn from the Amul model of co-operative milk manufacturing that had been an immense success in the country.

This model was such a huge success that Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shashtri visited Amul’s Cattle Feed Factory at Kanjari, Gujarat in 1964.

  • The processed and packaged milk that we easily get today is a result of this initiative called the Operation Flood.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • And India is the largest producer of milk in the world, accounting for around 22 percent of the global production.
  • Indians also consume one of the highest quantities of milk in the world and this demand is increasing every year.
  • Milk consumption is higher among city-dwellers and men as against village residents and women respectively.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020



AIIMS New Delhi’s “e-ICU” Video Consultation Program Gains Traction

      WHY IN NEWS:

43 Big Hospitals in 11 States Covered So far

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases


For PRELIMS go through the aim , objective and significance of this initiative .


AIIMS New Delhi has started a video-consultation program with ICU doctors across the country called e-ICU on 8th July, 2020.


  • The program aims at holding case-management discussions among doctors who are at the frontline in treating COVID-19 patients in hospitals and COVID facilities around the country.
  • Physicians who manage COVID-19 patients including those in the ICUs can raise queries, present their experience and share knowledge with other physicians and experts from AIIMS, New Delhi on this video platform.


The primary objective of these discussions is to reduce mortality from COVID-19.

  • Doctors learn from shared experience and strengthening best practices among hospitals with 1000 beds including isolation beds, oxygen supported and ICU beds.


  • Four sessions have been held till date covering 43 institutions.
  • Each of these sessions conducted through Video Conference span over 1.5 to 2 hours.
  • The discussions have covered the entire range of issues related to management of COVID-19 patients.


The need for rational use of ‘Investigational Therapies’ like Remdesevir,Convalescent plasma and Tocilizumab.

  • The role of various testing strategies in diagnosing COVID-19 .
  • Issues such as the need for repeat testing, admission and discharge criteria, management of post discharge symptoms
  • Methods of communication with patients
  • Screening of health-care workers.
  • Managing new-onset diabetes
  • Uncommon presentations such as stroke
  • Diarrhoea and myocardial infarction etc.

The team from AIIMS, New Delhi was able to act as a bridge for new knowledge from one group to the other at each Video call .

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The use of proning, high flow oxygen, non-invasive ventilation and ventilator settings  have also been a common discussion point.
  • Indiscriminate use and the need to limit social-media pressure based prescriptions were discussed.

The “e-ICU’ video consultation program in the coming weeks would cover ICU doctors from smaller healthcare facilities across the country.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Zoram Mega Food Park


Union Minister of Food Processing Smt Harsimrat Kaur Badal e-inaugurates Zoram Mega Food Park in Mizoram

      WHY IN NEWS:

Food Park will help in doubling farmer’s income in the region and will provide gainful employment to youth.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Development of North-East Region


For PRELIMS find the location and rest we have covered everything . Let us dive in !


Smt Harsimrat Kaur Badal today inaugurated the Zoram Mega Food Park Ltd at Kolasib in Mizoram through virtual conference.


  • The Food Park built at a cost of Rs 75 crore and spread over 55 Acres of land will directly benefit over 25,000 farmers.

Zoram MFP will not only reduce food wastage but would also lead to value addition in food products.

  • It will provide employment opportunities to over 5,000 people in the region.


  • Rich and high variety of fruits could also be sold as pure packaged juice in major metropolitan cities in India.
  • North-East Region has the potential to become the Organic Destination of the world due to its rich agricultural and horticultural produce.

Sikkim has already been declared as an organic state.

  • Zoram Mega Food Park located near National Highway 54 will help in overcoming the transportation constraints .


  • Cold Storage-1000MT
  • Dry warehouse -3000 MT
  • Aseptic pulp line with canning
  • Aseptic and tetra packing-2 MT/Hr
  • Ripening Chambers-40MT/Hr
  • Spices drying facility-2MT/Hr
  • Food Testing Laboratory besides state of art enabling infrastructure.
  • The Park also has a common Administrative building for office and other uses by the entrepreneurs .


This Mega Food Park will benefit the people of Kolasib-District as well as nearby Districts of Mamit& Aizawl of Mizoram and nearby districts of Hailakandi, Cachar of Assam.   

  • Under the Mega Food Park Scheme, Government of India provides financial assistance upto Rs. 50.00 Crore per Mega Food Park project.
  • Presently, 18 Mega Food Park Projects are under implementation in various states.
  • 19 Mega Food Parks have already become functional in the States.
  • 6 of them are in the North eastern region.
  • 2 MFPs in North eastern Region are operational at Assam and Mizoram.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Prime Minister dedicated a 60-MW Tuirial hydropower project in Mizoram in December 2017 to make it the third power-surplus state in the North-east after Sikkim and Tripura.
  • In a bid to make India a resilient food economy and the Food Factory of the World, the government has made Food Processing a major thrust area of ‘Make in India’.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

U.K. vaccine prompts Hope


U.K. vaccine prompts protective immune response in early tests

      WHY IN NEWS:

Oxford University trials that began in April show response lasted at least 2 months

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases


Scientists at Oxford University say their experimental coronavirus vaccine has been shown in an early trial to prompt a protective immune response in hundreds of people who got the shot. 



  • British researchers first began testing the vaccine in April in about 1,000 people, half of whom got the experimental vaccine.
  • Such early trials are usually designed only to evaluate safety, but in this case experts were also looking to see what kind of immune response was provoked.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

This vaccine does particularly  trigger both arms of the immune system.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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