Kerala tops education ranking


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       WHY IN NEWS?

School Education Quality Index (SEQI) was released by NITI  AYOG.

#GS1 : Issues related to Children

RANKING /INDEX  are very important for UPSC. Comparison of this report should make your understand why some states are doing better than rest !


SEQI :The School Education Quality Index (SEQI) is part of the NITI Aayog’s effort to rank the performance of States in across various indicators, including water, health and the ease of doing business, to encourage data-driven policy reforms.


  • first edition of the SEQI assessed the States on the basis of learning outcomes, access, equity, infrastructure and facilities, and the governance processes which aid such outcomes.
  • The Index is largely based on data from the National Achievement Survey (NAS) of 2017-18 and the Unified District Information on School Education data of 2016-17.


  • Kerala and Rajasthan have emerged as States with the best quality of school education in the country, with scores of 76.6% and 72.9% respectively.
  • The Union Territory of Chandigarh, however, pipped them overall with a score of over 80%.
  • Among the large States, Tamil Nadu topped the equity index, which uses indicators such as the difference in language and mathematics learning outcomes of students from the SC/ST and OBC students in comparison to the general category students, as well as their rate of transition to higher classes.
  • Karnataka was the topper in the learning outcomes category, which looked at the language and mathematics performance of Class 3, Class 5 and Class 8 students.
  • The infrastructure and facilities category had the lowest weightage, and looked at the percentage of schools which had computer labs, libraries and vocational education. Haryana took the first rank in this category.


  • Uttar Pradesh scored the lowest among 20 large States, with just 36.4%.
  • The Index also included self-reported data from the States, which was verified by a third party agency.
  • West Bengal refused to participate in the evaluation process and has not been included in the rankings.
  • NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant noted that the range of performance between the high ranking States and those at the bottom was wide, with a need to plug the gaps.

       IASbhai Windup:

The Centre plans to collaborate with the World Bank to offer performance-linked grants as incentives for the States with high rankings.


Core sector growth slips

       HEADLINE:Core sector growth slips to 52-month low

       WHY IN NEWS?

Five out of 8 sectors in negative zone

GS 3: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.


The outcome of this topic should be Critical analysis of Economic slowdown.


 Growth in the eight core sectors in August slumped to the lowest in four years and four months. That is, the -0.5% registered in August 2019 was the lowest since April 2015.

Growth in five out of the eight sectors of the Index of Eight Core Industries fell into the negative zone in August. The index had registered a growth of 2.7% in July 2019 and a robust 4.72% in August 2018.

Within the Index, the coal sector saw the sharpest contraction, with the sector contracting 8.6% in August 2019 compared with a contraction of 1.6% in the previous month. This is the sector’s worst performance in three years.

The crude oil sector contracted 5.4% in August, compared with a contraction of 4.4% in July. August marked the 21st consecutive month of contraction for the sector. Notably, the cement sector fell into negative territory in August, contracting 4.9%, compared with a growth of 7.9% in the previous month.

The natural gas sector contracted 3.9% in August, compared with a contraction of 0.5% in July. The sector has now contracted in four out of the last five months, with it having zero growth in the fifth. The electricity sector also saw a contraction in August, contracting 2.9%, compared with a growth of 4.7% in the previous month.

       IASbhai Windup:

“It does indicate on a broader basis also the economic slowdown is continuing and signs of a revival are not visible,” 

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National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC):

  • For effective implementation of relief measures in the wake of natural calamities, the Government of India has set up a National Crisis Management Committee.
  • Cabinet Secretary is it’s Chairman.
  • Other members: Secretaries of all the concerned Ministries /Departments as well as organizations are the members of the Committee.
  • The NCMC gives direction to the Crisis Management Group as deemed necessary.

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BrahMos Missile:

It flies almost three times the speed of sound at Mach 2.8 and has a range of 290 km.

The missile has been jointly developed with Russia and is named after the rivers Brahmaputra and Moskva in Russia.

It is extremely difficult to be intercepted by surface to air missiles deployed on leading warships around the world.

The range of the BrahMos missile can be extended up to 400 km as certain technical restrictions were lifted after India became a full member of the Missile Technology Control Regime or MTCR in 2016.

It is multiplatform missile it can be launched from land, air, and sea and multi capability missile with pinpoint accuracy that works in both day and night irrespective of the weather conditions.

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Ancient buried river:

  • The Union Water Ministry has excavated an old, dried-up river in Prayagraj (formerly Allahabad) that linked the Ganga and Yamuna rivers.
  • The “ancient buried river” is around 4 km wide, 45 km long and consisted of a 15-metre-thick layer buried under soil.
  • The newly discovered river was a “buried paleochannel that joins the Yamuna river at Durgapur village, about 26 km south of the current Ganga-Yamuna confluence at Prayagraj.

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IASbhai Test Series

Give the best Kick Start to your preparation with our test series !

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