Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 | 1st July 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Happiness is a butterfly, which when pursued, is always beyond your grasp, but which, if you will sit down quietly, may alight upon you.” –Nathaniel Hawthorne


ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

Extension of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana


PM addresses nation and announces extension of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana

      WHY IN NEWS:

Scheme extended till Deepawali & Chhath Puja, ie till the end of November: PM



5 kg free wheat/rice to be provided to more than 80 crore people – to each member of a family – along with 1 kg free whole chana per family, per month

  • PM credits hardworking farmers and honest taxpayers for making the scheme possible.


Current Affairs News Analysis

  • Prime Minister emphasized that provision of food to those in need during lockdown has been the foremost priority of the country.
  • As soon as lockdown was announced, the government brought about PM Garib KalyanYojana, under which a package of Rs 1.75 lakh crore for the poor was announced.
  • He noted that in the last three months, Rs 31,000 crore has been transferred in the Jan Dhan accounts of almost 20 crore poor families.
  • Rs 18,000 crore has been transferred to the bank accounts of more than 9 crore farmers and
  • Rs 50,000 crore is being spent on PM Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan, which has been started to provide employment opportunities.

  Along with providing 5kg free rice/wheat to each member of a family, 1 kg free whole chana will also be provided to each family per month.

  • The government will spend more than Rs 90,000 crore towards the extension of the scheme.
  • A total of almost Rs 1.5 lakh crore would be spent towards the scheme.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 


  • Prime Minister said that in the coming times, government will continue to take further steps to empower the poor and the needy.
  • Economic activities will also be enhanced, with due precautions in place.
  • He reiterated the pledge to work towards Atmanirbhar Bharat and to be vocal for local, while also asking people to be careful,use mask/face cover and continue following the mantra of maintaining ‘do gaz doori’.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

“Science through My Eyes”


DST-SERB in collaboration with INSA launches photo & film competition with the theme “Science through My Eyes”

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Awards : Science and Technology


Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) is organising a photo/painting and a one-minute-film competition.


  • The competition aims to help people go beyond their discipline and see, understand, and appreciate science around them.
  • A critical look will help in fostering and promoting the scientific spirit, interest in research and will encourage creative abilities.


The theme for the competition is Science through My Eyes.’


  • Any suitable sub-theme under this main theme may be chosen.

 Sub-themes are science in the lab, kitchen, sports, hospital, at home, or at work.


The creation may include any work in the above forms related to the COVID 19 virus, healthy life, geo-heritage, health, fascinating space, and any sub-theme covered under the main theme ‘Science through My Eyes.’


  • The competition is open to Indian nationals only.
  • There is no entry fee.
  • Entries will be under 3 groups– doctoral students (Ph.D.) and Post-doctoral Fellows in any discipline, those pursuing professional degrees like MBBS, MS, MD, M Tech, MBA in any discipline, practicing scientists and any other working professionals such as doctors, engineers, technical staff, film-makers, para-medico… etc.
  • A team of two may also be made to create the work.
  • The entry can be in the name of an individual or a team of 2 individuals.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Democratisation of science through science everywhere and science for all is a compelling theme which will be an important aid in developing the scientific temper in the society at large, inspire the young in pursuit of quality, innovative knowledge, and indeed contribute in the development, security and economic needs of an Atma Nirbhar Bharat.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Newsletter “Matsya Sampada”


Union Minister for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Shri Giriraj Singh launches the first edition of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Newsletter “Matsya Sampada”

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying


Releasing the Operational Guidelines of the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana, Shri Giriraj Singh expresses optimism that the PMMSY with diverse interventions along the fisheries value chain would revolutionize the fisheries and aquaculture sector


  • The Newsletter “MATSYA SAMPADA” is an outcome of the endeavours of the Department of Fisheries to reach out to the stakeholders especially fishers and fish farmers through various means of communication.
  •  The newsletter will inform and educate them about the latest developments in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.

It would be published on a quarterly basis starting from the first quarter of the year 2020-21.

  • Newsletter will have good works being done both by government as well as the private sector.
  • It would also enable to showcase the best practices in fisheries and aquaculture undertaken by the fishers, fish farmers and entrepreneurs including the latest developments and success stories.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Newsletter “MATSYA SAMPADA” is likely to serve as an effective tool and platform in disseminating the intent and initiatives of PMMSY for crystalizing public opinion in the collective effort towards reaching the envisaged goals.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Globbaandersonii : Swan flowers


Plant thought to be extinct for more than 135 years found in Sikkim Himalayas

      WHY IN NEWS:

Botanists from Maharashtra and Kerala ‘re-discover’ Globbaandersonii, commonly known as ‘dancing ladies’ or ‘swan flowers’, near the Teesta river valley

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Conservation of flora and fauna


A team of researchers from Pune and Kerala have “rediscovered” a rare and critically endangered plant species called Globba andersonii from the Sikkim Himalayas near the Teesta river valley region after a gap of nearly 136 years.

Globba andersonii from the Sikkim Himalayas
  • The plant, known commonly as ‘dancing ladies’ or ‘swan flowers’ was thought to have been extinct until its “re-collection”, for the first time since 1875, by noted city-based botanist Sachin Punekar, founder of the city-based environmental NGO Biospheres, during a field trip to Sevoke in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal.


Globba andersonii from the Sikkim Himalayas

  • “The earliest records of the collection of this plant were dated between the period 1862-70 when it was collected by Scottish botanist Thomas Anderson from Sikkim and Darjeeling.

  Globba andersonii are characterised by white flowers, non-appendaged anthers (the part of a stamen that contains the pollen) and a “yellowish lip”.

  • “As no live collections were made for the last 136 years, it was considered as presumably extinct in the wild.

Plant usually grows in a dense colony as a lithophyte (plant growing on a bare rock or stone) on rocky slopes in the outskirts of evergreen forests.

  • “It is especially prevalent near small waterfalls along the roadside leading to these hill forests, which are 400-800 m. above sea level,” .

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Micro-propagation, tissue culture of this taxon and multiplication of this species and its re-introduction in the natural habitat could be the key for it to survive and thrive in the future,” .
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis 


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